The Historical Archives is the official record keeper of the European Parliament. It manages and preserves the Parliament's official public documents and other archival fonds, dating back to 1952. It also assists researchers on the history of the Parliament and European integration, publishes studies and articles on these subjects, and works closely with the EU Historical Archives at the European University Institute and the House of European History.

The Jean Monnet house

© European Union, 2018

In December 1982, the European Parliament purchased from its own budget the house belonging to Jean Monnet in Houjarray (a hamlet situated 45 km south-west of Paris near Monfort-l'Amaury), where he lived and worked for over thirty years.  Jean Monnet, who was recognised as a 'Founding Father of Europe', awarded the European Parliament gold medal in 1975 and declared an 'Honorary Citizen of Europe' in 1976, had acquired this old farm building in 1945 on his return from the US. It was there that he conceived the idea behind the Schuman Plan, giving rise to the European Coal and Steel Community in 1952. It was also there that he wrote his memoirs and received many European leaders and foreign heads of state. As early as in April 1979, a few days after his death, a number of his former colleagues suggested to Emilio Colombo, President of the European Parliament, that it would be a good idea to purchase the property, symbolising as it did the shared historic and cultural heritage of European citizens. However, it was not possible to conclude the sale until the death of his widow. The EP Committee on Youth, Culture, Education, Information and Sport immediately began to draw up proposals for possible uses of the Jean Monnet House, one suggestion being to renovate the property with its large garden and make it into a meeting place and information centre devoted to European integration. The advice of a number of media agencies was also sought as to how exactly this country house could be used. This was, however, a complicated task, given that all its furniture had been removed and the archives transferred to the Jean Monnet Foundation for Europe in Lausanne. At the same time, Jean Monnet's former colleagues in Paris were setting up the Friends of Jean Monnet Association for the purpose of keeping alive his memory, his work and his teachings. The Ile de France Regional Council agreed to subsidise the restoration of his office and library. The Jean Monnet House, which became a museum devoted to the life of its former owner and the work of the European Community, was accordingly inaugurated on 12 June 1987 in the presence of Pierre Pflimlin, President of the European Parliament. It currently hosts groups wishing to organise educational visits, conferences or professional seminars.

It happened in the EP

April 1983: the European Parliament seeks to make medicines a European matter

The MEP Gustave DELEAU during a session in Strasbourg in October 1981 © European Union - 1981 EP

On 13 April 1983, as part of its work on health policy, the European Parliament adopted the report by Gustave Deleau on the implementation of a single market for medicinal products in Europe. Members felt that the European Community should pursue a more ambitious policy on pharmaceuticals which allied the interests of manufacturers - in a sector with high research costs and lively competition - with those of consumers, taking prescription charges into account. To do this, the Community would have to make the pharmaceutical industry more competitive by steering scientific research more effectively and ensuring the free movement of medicines.

Contact

Historical Archives

Bâtiment Robert Schuman
Place de l'Europe
L-2929 Luxembourg