The Historical Archives is the official record keeper of the European Parliament. It manages and preserves the Parliament's official public documents and other archival fonds, dating back to 1952. It also assists researchers on the history of the Parliament and European integration, publishes studies and articles on these subjects, and works closely with the EU Historical Archives at the European University Institute and the House of European History.
The First Chamber of the European Parliament - an Institutional and Political Retrospective - 16 November 2016 in Luxembourg
To mark the 130th anniversary of the birth of Robert Schuman, the Historical Archives and the EP Information Office in Luxembourg will hold a roundtable on Wednesday, 16 November.
Following the presentation of a publication on the first Chamber of the Schuman building and its historic bas-relief, the speakers will invoke an institutional and political retrospective of the European Parliament through some major landmarks of the 70s, during which this first Chamber was regularly used for plenary sessions.
The public will also have the opportunity to hear a presentation on Robert Schuman as a model for the Luxembourg figures who became leading members of the European institutions in the years 1950 to 1970.
The Historical Archives Unit (DG EPRS) and its Historical Library are organising a temporary exhibition on '100 Books on Europe to Remember' in Strasbourg during the October I part session.
Vice-President Valcárcel will officially open the exhibition on Tuesday 4 October, 17.30, in Espace Emilio Colombo (LOW 1st floor).
The '100 Books on Europe to Remember' project arose from a visit by the President of the European Parliament, Martin Schulz, to the European Parliament's historical library collection in Luxembourg in April 2012. The visit highlighted a treasure-trove of remarkable books, pamphlets and other texts, many of which have made a significant contribution to the process of, or the understanding of, European integration. The idea emerged of making a selection of this material available to a wider public through a dedicated website (http://www.europarl.europa.eu/100books/en/index.html).
The selection comprises academic and political works on the European idea, on European politics and policy, and on the history of the European integration process since 1945. It contains important books, articles, pamphlets and speeches, and takes into account the geographical, linguistic and intellectual spectrum of ideas and personalities in the European Union and beyond.
The '100 Books on Europe to Remember' is an ongoing project which will continue to be widened and deepened.
Publication "The first hemicycle of the European Parliament: Schuman Building, Luxembourg"
In its early years, the European Parliament held its plenary sittings in different locations, made available by other institutions or by the host countries. It was only in 1973, with the construction of the Schuman Building in Luxembourg, that the Parliament finally had its own premises with a hemicycle (debating chamber) for its plenary meetings.
Planned in the 1960s, with construction starting in 1970, the initial plans had to be adjusted to accommodate the expected enlargement of the Communities. In the 1970s, the hemicycle was used regularly for plenary sessions, but with the increase in the number of Members following the 1979 direct elections, the chamber was no longer large enough to hold all Members.
The Luxembourg hemicycle is noted for the artistic value of its decor, in particular the zinc bas-relief created by the Turin-based NP2 Group. Thanks to interviews with the artists, this briefing provides details of the artwork, including the story of how the Italian company came to be commissioned by the Belgian contractor fitting out the chamber.
It happened in the EP
Pieter DANKERT, President
In January 1982, Pieter Dankert was elected as the second President of the European Parliament. He obtained the highest number of votes (191) after four rounds of ballots. In his statement on the 20th of January 1982, Dankert stated: "we have had a clear and open battle, which is something I welcome (...) because it is a sign of growing political self-awareness and action on the part of our Parliament."
Bâtiment Robert Schuman
Place de l'Europe