Terrorism : How Parliament is addressing the threat

Overview of the situation

  • 68 people died due to terrorist attacks in the EU in 2017

  • An estimated 844 people were injured in terrorist attacks in the EU in 2017

  • 1219 people arrested in the EU for terrorism-related offenses in 2017, mainly:

    1.   United Kingdom : 412
    2.   France : 411
    3.   Spain : 91

    50% of them were EU citizens

Eurobarometer poll commissioned by the European Parliament

  • 77% of Europeans want the EU to do more to fight terrorism (April 2018)

Measures adopted (Since 2015)

  1. : European Border and Coast Guard

    A new standing corps of 10,000 staff to be set up by 2027 to support EU countries where most migrants first arrive

  2. : Interoperability of EU information systems

    Plans to facilitate the tasks of border guards, migration officers, police officers and judicial authorities

  3. : Home-made explosives

    Stricter rules to stop terrorists from making home-made explosives

  4. : Response to increasing number of cyberthreats

    Proposal to establish a common cybersecurity certification network and strenghten the European Cybersecurity Agency

  5. : Improvements to the Visa Information System

    Improved system to boost security checks on people from outside the EU who need a visa to travel to the Schengen area

  6. : New measures to tackle terrorism

    Special committee on terrorism recommends to tackle radicalisation, improve information exchange and support victims of terrorism

  7. : EU's budget for 2019

    Parliament adds €74.7 million to funding for security-related programmes and agencies

  8. : Improving the Schengen Information System

    Database will include new types of alerts for cases related to terrorist activities

  9. : Terrorist financing

    Make it harder for terrorists and criminals to finance their activities and easier for the authorities to stop suspicious financial flows

  10. : Screening travellers to the EU

    Travellers who don't need a visa will be screened before they arrive in the EU using the European Travel Information and Authorisation System

  11. : Anti-money laundering

    New rules to increase transparency on who really owns companies and prevent virtual currencies from being used for terrorism financing

  12. : EU budget for 2018

    More EU funding to fight terrorism

  13. : Shared database to speed up checks at Europe's borders

    Entry-exit system to speed up checks on people from outside the EU who cross the Schengen area’s external borders

  14. : Stronger controls on firearms

    Tighter rules on deactivation and conversion, as well as acquisition and possession of the most dangerous firearms

  15. : Mandatory checks at external borders

    Anyone entering or leaving the EU will be checked against databases

  16. : Rules on terrorist offences

    Legislation making financing terrorist activities, training for them or travelling abroad in order to take part in them a crime in the whole of the EU

  17. : Cybersecurity

    Firms supplying essential services have to improve their capacity to resist online threats

  18. : Europol

    Europol gets new powers to be able to respond faster to threats

  19. : Data transfers for policing and judicial purposes

    Reform to facilitate cross-border cooperation between police forces and prosecutors

    Rules ensure that the data of victims, witnesses and suspects are protected

  20. : Passenger Name Records (PNR)

    Airlines have to provide member states with information on passengers on flights to and from the EU

  21. : Budgetary support

    MEPs approve €2 million to hire new staff for Europol’s European Counter Terrorism Centre

  22. : Mutual defense clause

    EU countries to assist a fellow member state in response to a terrorist attack

  23. : Radicalisation and recruitment

    Strategy to prevent radicalisation to be applied in particular in prisons, online and through education and social inclusion