The European Parliament's election observation aim at strengthening, in the third countries concerned by elections or referendums, the legitimacy of national electoral processes, increasing public confidence in elections, avoiding electoral fraud, better protecting human rights and contributing to conflict solution. Members of the European Parliament provide a particular political perspective, expertise and experience in election observation.
The European Parliament Election Coordination Group was established by decision of the Conference of Presidents on 8 November 2001 and updated on 10 December 2009. On 16 May 2012, the Conference of Presidents decided to enlarge the mandate of the Group, its composition and to rename it to the Democracy Support and Election Coordination Group (DEG). European Parliament's election observation activities are governed by the Decision of the Conference of Presidents of 13 September 2012 which sets out clear criteria and procedures for election observation delegations. The Group examines all general questions related to planning, organisation, evaluation and follow-up of Parliament's election observation missions. » Composition of the group.
The European Parliament's election observation delegations are authorised by the Conference of Presidents on the basis of requests submitted by the DEG.
Upon invitation from the country organizing the election or referendum, the European Parliament coordinates its activities with the OSCE Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR), or with the EU EOM. No official election observation delegations may be organized in countries where no long-term observation mission is present. The European Parliament conducts its election observation in accordance with the Declaration of Principles of International Election Observation and Code of Conduct adopted endorsed by the European Parliament in 2007.