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EU Institutions

The European Parliament

The European Parliament (EP) is the only directly elected EU body. It represents the EU's 500 million inhabitants and plays a key role in electing the president of the European Commission. It shares power over the EU budget and legislation with the Council of the European Union.

The EP's Information Office in Ireland is located at Europe House, 12-14 Lower Mount Street, Dublin 2. Parliament has an Information office in every Member State.

EP Information Offices

The European Council

The European Council brings together EU leaders to set the EU's political agenda. It represents the highest level of political cooperation between EU countries. The Council takes the form of (usually quarterly) summit meetings between EU leaders, chaired by a permanent president.

The Council of the European Union

The Council of the European Union is the institution representing the governments of the individual Member States. Also known informally as the EU Council, it is where national ministers from each EU country meet to adopt laws and coordinate policies. The presidency of the Council is shared by the Member States on a rotating basis.

The European Commission

The European Commission (EC) is the EU's executive body and is responsible for proposing and implement EU laws, monitoring the treaties and the day-to-day running of the EU.

The EC Representation in Ireland is located at Europe House, 12-14 Lower Mount Street, Dublin 2 (tel: (01) 634 1111, e-mail: eu-ie-info-request@ec.europa.eu).

The Court of Justice

The Court of Justice is the highest court in mattters of EU law. It interprets and ensures equal application of EU law across all Member States.

The European Central Bank

The European Central Bank is the central bank for Europe's single currency, the euro. The ECB's main task is to maintain the euro's purchasing power and thus price stability int he euro area.

The European Court of Auditors

The European Court of Auditors audits EU finances. As an external auditor, it contributes to improving EU financial management and acts as the independent guardian of the financial interests of EU citizens.

 

External policy body

European External Action Service

 

Consultative bodies

The European Economic and Social Committee

The European Economic and Social Committee (EESC) is an EU advisory body comprising representatives of workers' and employers' organisations and other interest groups. It issues opinions on EU issues to the European Commission, the Council of the European Union and the European Parliament, thus acting as a bridge between the EU's decision-making institutions and EU citizens.

The Committee of the Regions

The Committee of the Regions (CoR) is an EU advisory body composed of locally and regionally elected representatives coming from all 28 Member States. Through the CoR they are able to share their opinion on EU legislation that directly impact regions and cities.

 
More on the EU institutionsFacts and figures on the EU