Tunne KELAM : Písemná vysvětlení hlasování 

Poslanci mohou podat písemné vysvětlení svého hlasování v plénu. Článek 183 jednacího řádu

Ukončení sezónních změn času (A8-0169/2019 - Marita Ulvskog) EN  

I voted in favour of this report.
I have been advocating an end to the practice of changing the clock twice a year for a long time. This practice was established in the US 101 years ago to maximise the light period of the day. 21st century workers no longer follow natural light cycles of the day, making this old habit redundant.
For many people changing the clocks brings severe psychological suffering, causing sleeping troubles, constant tiredness and distress for several days, or even weeks. Not to mention the practical nuisance of changing the clocks: even if most of our devices are digital and change the time automatically, we still need to check whether we are in the real time and not the old time.
Therefore, I very much welcome the adoption of this report and an early end to changing the clocks, namely on 1 April 2021, when the directive will enter into force. A coordination mechanism will be established with the aim of ensuring a harmonised and coordinated approach to time arrangements throughout the Union

Finanční trestná činnost, vyhýbání se daňovým povinnostem a daňové úniky (A8-0170/2019 - Jeppe Kofod, Luděk Niedermayer) EN  

I voted in favour of this report.
This report not only serves to significantly step up the EU’s fight against financial crimes, tax evasion and tax avoidance, but it looks self-critically at how the EU Member States could improve their efforts.
Bringing corruption under control should be one of our main concerns. Corruption, money laundering and tax evasion do not only hamper European economic coherence, they also pose a threat to our societies, our security. The bloody Russian money being white-washed through European banks, or oligarchs purchasing EU passports, and insufficient exchange between national tax authorities is paralysing thorough investigations.
I am glad that the report calls to phase out all ‘Golden Visa/Passport’ schemes. For a European financial police within the framework of Europol with own investigatory capacities, this clearly presumes extended and deepened cooperation and exchange between national tax authorities and respective law authorities.
I do also think we should name and shame the Member States. Their practices harm us all, and this has to stop.
I am also in favour of creating a concrete ECON subcommittee to continue this very important work of the current TAXE, TAX2, PANA and TAX3 committees. This is also showing European citizens that we take corruption seriously and we do aim to fight it to the bone.

Akt EU o kybernetické bezpečnosti (A8-0264/2018 - Angelika Niebler) EN  

I voted in favour of this report.
The agreement on the new Cybersecurity Act includes an explicit list of definitions. I am especially pleased to see cyber hygiene clearly defined and, together with cyber—literacy, made into core issues when tackling vulnerabilities and increasing resilience. The agreement highlights the need for constant training and tasks ENISA with offering the ‘train the trainers’ so that Member States and Union bodies could develop their own training capabilities. I call here again for mandatory regular cybersecurity trainings for all public servants on all levels!
The agreement significantly expands and clarifies the competences and tasks of ENISA, calling it to be more practical and information-based in its support to industry, and calling for closer cooperation with academia and universities and industry stakeholders. The agreement also gives the competence to facilitate information sharing between the Member States next to cooperation and coordination. Whereas underlining the importance of maintaining and further enhancing the national capabilities to respond to cyber—threats of all scales, it will not be enough without a co-ordinated EU response.
ENISA will now be better enabled to respond to cyber threats and assist Member States and Union bodies and industry in their responses and in building resilience.

Zřízení Nástroje pro propojení Evropy (A8-0409/2018 - Henna Virkkunen, Marian-Jean Marinescu, Pavel Telička) EN  

. ‒ I voted in favour of the CEF regulation. I am especially pleased that Parliament approved the funding for the defence purposes, namely military mobility. Providing funds that would enable upgrading existing and constructing new transport links to ensure that they meet military requirements is crucial for the EU’s credibility in defending its citizens and territory.
Another crucial aspect that the vote changed concerns transferring from the Cohesion Fund to the CEF which will help to realise EU added-value major infrastructure projects that Member States alone would not undertake from their normal Structural Funds. Using the Cohesion Fund transfer through the CEF by means of direct management by the Commission will guarantee the better use of EU funds, making sure that the funds are given to the best and most mature projects.
To further guarantee the realisation of the TEN-T network by 2030 and finalise the major EU added-value cross-border projects and missing links, the Cohesion Fund transfer should be distributed based on the certain degree of competitiveness as proposed by the Commission and reintroduced by Amendment 2. This competitive approach is further helping with good management of EU funds.

Vojenská mobilita (A8-0372/2018 - Tunne Kelam) EN  

. ‒ Parliament has with a great majority approved my report on military mobility. Military mobility is key to achieving European level of ambition in defence. Everything in defence comes down to practical execution of the tasks and the ability to react in crises, be they of a military or civilian nature.
The EU and NATO should act in complementary manner, not duplicate each other’s efforts and fully ensure that all allied military contingents are able to move in and around EU territory without any political, administrative and physical obstacles.
I call on Member States to act quickly and efficiently. Achieving an adequate level of military mobility is in the hands of Member States, in their willingness to cooperate and coordinate among themselves. It is crucial that they come forward with their national military mobility plans by latest the end of 2019.
And I also call on the Member States and the Commission to strictly stick to the timeline in the Action Plan. If the EU cannot deliver in time, in a coordinated and efficient manner, this will send a very wrong message to our citizens, but even more it will very much please our adversaries.

Omezení dopadu některých plastových výrobků na životní prostředí (A8-0317/2018 - Frédérique Ries) EN  

. ‒ I voted in favour of this report. Wildlife in the world’s oceans and seas, both in the water and above, is suffocating under the plastic burden. Europe can and should act now. According to estimates up to 70% of marine litter is plastic. Aiming to replace all single-use plastics with reusable and sustainable alternatives is the big goal.
The directive will regulate the 10 most used single-use plastic items. The Commission predicts that by 2030 this will reduce marine litter on EU beaches by a quarter, and avoid the emission of 3.4 million tonnes of CO2 equivalent and EUR 22 billion in environmental damage, saving consumers a projected EUR 6.5 billion.
Plastic pollution is also a lifestyle problem. If consumers collectively do not change their behaviour of fast consumption packaged in plastic, the measures taken will only do so much. Conscious consumption needs to be relearned. Hard measures in the directive will go hand in hand with soft, educational measures, targeting young people especially as future consumer generations.
I hope in the future not to read news about plastic islands bigger than some countries, or see pictures of animals, fish, birds strangled in plastic.

Situace v Maďarsku (A8-0250/2018 - Judith Sargentini) EN  

I voted in favour of the EP call on the Council to start the Article 7 procedure on Hungary. The lack of readiness of the Hungarian PM to show some flexibility and to take EU’s joint positions into account, left me with no alternatives. At the same time I did not support the general approach taken by the rapporteur that I find unbalanced and that presents several questionable arguments both in political and ideological sense.

Stav vztahů mezi EU a USA (A8-0251/2018 - Elmar Brok) EN  

I abstained in the final vote of this report. It is unacceptable for me to support a wording that so intrusively meddles with internal matters of our partner, such as the paragraphs 11 and 39 do. This is not an appropriate way to react. Also, the parts on Iran and Syria remain declarative and empty. Suggesting a more critical approach to Iran’s meddling in Middle-East, is close to anecdotal.

Budoucnost potravinářství a zemědělství (A8-0178/2018 - Herbert Dorfmann) EN  

. ‒ I voted in favour of this report, the most important element in which is the request to modernise the calculation of the direct payments in Pillar I. The current calculation should be replaced by an EU payment calculation method. I support a uniform method based on support paid per hectare. This would ensure a level playing field in all Member States and end the discrepancy between the Member States which joined before and after 2004.
Given the budget proposals from the Commission, Parliament and the Council need to take a strong stand on ensuring that citizens, including farmers, in all Member States can enjoy fair treatment in the distribution of financial resources. I also support the report’s call for fair pricing of European agricultural products. EU farmers are also business people and should be paid fair prices for their products that will enable them to earn a decent living. Farmers deserve a fair place in the food supply chain and should not be living off subsidises only.

Provádění nástrojů SZP pro mladé zemědělce v EU po reformě v roce 2013 (A8-0157/2018 - Nicola Caputo) EN  

I voted in favour of this report.
Europe can only fully guarantee its food security if we can ensure that our farmers keep farming and producing food products. Young and potential farmers often face bureaucratic and financial obstacles when seeking to take over the farms of their families or starting out with new ones. This report offers some recommendations on how these problems could be overcome.
Access to financial means and land are the biggest obstacles when going into farming. Incentives to get loans more easily and greater flexibility in business plans are a good way forward. Farming depends not only on people, but also on economic, societal, environmental and meteorological circumstances, among others, and thus needs to be tackled in a flexible way, including by the authorities providing subsidies. Innovation, new approaches and the ability to adapt to changing circumstances should be rewarded and accepted. Business plans in farming cannot be seen as rigid plans that cannot be changed when, for example, the weather would dictate a change.
I also support the proposals to provide young farmers with training so that they can acquire business skills, including on how to come up with business plans, on financial management and on how to market their products.