Cristian-Silviu BUŞOI : Written explanations of vote 

Members can submit a written explanation of their vote in plenary. Rule 183

Continuation of ongoing learning mobility activities under the Erasmus+ programme in the context of the UK's withdrawal from the EU (A8-0082/2019 - Bogdan Andrzej Zdrojewski)  

. ‒ The Erasmus+ programme is an important EU initiative, perhaps one of its most successful ones. This proposal ensures that students from the EU27 participating in the Erasmus+ programme are able to finish their exchange programme without interruption or financial hardship. The aim of the proposal is to avoid the disruption of Erasmus+ learning activities involving the United Kingdom at the time of withdrawal from the European Union. If the withdrawal is not ratified in time, it would mean the interruption of many students from both the EU27 as well as the Erasmus+ students from the UK.
The UK’s impending withdrawal from the EU proves a proposal is necessary to safeguard the study abroad programmes of many students. This directive will clarify the regulation of Erasmus+ programmes if no final deal is to be struck between the EU27 and the United Kingdom upon its departure from the EU. If a rapid intervention regarding the Erasmus+ programme is not met, almost 800 000 people’s activities abroad could be disrupted. Therefore, I support the proposal for laying down provisions for the continuation of the Erasmus+ programme in the context of the UK’s withdrawal from the EU.

EU-Afghanistan Cooperation Agreement on Partnership and Development (A8-0026/2019 - Anna Elżbieta Fotyga)  

. ‒ Through the approval of an agreement between with Afghanistan, the European Union has expressed and underpinned its commitment to supporting the development of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan. By undertaking political dialogue and improving cooperation, this agreement consolidates the EU’s engagement with Afghanistan. Until now there has been an absence of a formal agreement between the EU and Afghanistan, which makes the accordance not only beneficial, but also much needed. This is the first time the European Union and Afghanistan enter into a bilateral contractual relationship.
The existing links between both parties will, through the ratification of this agreement, officially be consolidated and intensified. This demonstrates the European Union’s long-term commitment to Afghanistan’s ‘decade of transformation’ which was agreed at the 2011 Bonn Conference. Because of the strong efforts that have been made since July 2011, it is of prime importance to finalise the agreement and have it implemented soon to exhibit the willingness of both parties in addressing the above-mentioned concerns. Taking all mutual benefits into consideration, I give approval for the ratification of this agreement.

Asylum and Migration Fund (A8-0106/2019 - Miriam Dalli)  

At a time when asylum and migration are very topical, it is of prime importance for the European Union to re-evaluate its asylum and migration acquis. It is for this reason that a proposal has been suggest for the establishment of an Asylum and migration fund, replacing the former Asylum, Migration and Integration fund. This new fund will aid in properly financing the EU’s asylum and migration acquis. Because of evolving migratory challenges, investing in efficient and coordinated migration management is necessary in order to realise the European Union’s aim of maintaining an area of freedom, security, and justice. Moreover, the fund will support efforts ensuring a common sustainable policy on asylum and immigration and guarantee that Member States will have adequate financial resources at their disposal to tackle the issue of asylum and migration.
In order to ensure solidarity and the sharing of responsibility among Member States, address the incentives for illegal migration, and strengthen and develop common migration policies in the EU; I support the proposal.

Instrument for financial support for border management and visa (A8-0089/2019 - Tanja Fajon)  

As the free movement of people and goods remains one of the pillars of the EU’s policies, it is important to maintain an effective European integrated border management at the external borders of the Union. Furthermore, the EU is faced with evolving migratory challenges as well as security concerns, therefore preserving this area of free movement and properly organizing it proves to be of utmost importance. The proposal aims to ensure an effectual management at the Union’s external borders is achieved by the European Border and Coast Guard agency as well as of national authorities responsible for border management. Furthermore, the proposal supports the implementation of a common visa policy which will aid in harmonizing the approach of all EU Member States regarding the regulatory framework of legitimate travel in the EU and the issuance of visas.
Moreover, the instrument will offer financial assistance in case of urgent and specific needs resulting from pressure when a large number of non-EU nationals cross into EU territory.
Thus, in order to avoid the jeopardising of the functioning of the Schengen area and to maintain an effective regulatory framework for migration, I endorse this proposal.

European Cybersecurity Industrial, Technology and Research Competence Centre and Network of National Coordination Centres (A8-0084/2019 - Julia Reda)  

Both EU citizens’ daily lives as well as EU economies become more dependent on digital technologies. Because of these technological developments, ensuring the security of citizens physically does not suffice, therefore, the European Union needs a resilient framework on enhancing technological and industrial ability to safeguard the Union against continuously evolving cyber threats. The proposal’s aims include the increasing of the digital infrastructure’s resilience to increase its reliability, raise awareness about cybersecurity threats, as well as the developing of European leadership in cybersecurity. All this will aid in reinforcing the trust of citizens and businesses in the European digital environment. This is needed forasmuch as in 2017, 80% of European companies faced at least one cyber incident. The proposal will, henceforth, provide a structure in which cyber security solutions can be developed and upheld. EU citizens are very much reliant on the Union’s digital infrastructure in their daily lives. Their day-to-day activities dependent on the secure functioning of the internet aiding them in the fields of transport, healthcare, banking, and communication and, accordingly, I have chosen to support the proposal.

Mechanism to resolve legal and administrative obstacles in a cross-border context (A8-0414/2018 - Matthijs van Miltenburg)  

. ‒ Border regions in Europe tend to perform less well economically, have higher unemployment rates and have relatively underdeveloped infrastructure compared to regions that are more centrally located in the Member States. It is estimated that if 20% of existing border obstacles were to be removed, border regions would gain 2% in GDP. In light of these issues, the Commission has put forward a ‘proposal on a mechanism to resolve legal and administrative obstacles in a cross-border context’ (ECBM) which would promote effective cross-border cooperation and consequently, improve the wealth and wellbeing of the inhabitants and their quality of life in the EU’s border regions.
However, the proposal should aim to add a voluntary tool to the toolbox that Member States have at their disposal to boost cross-border cooperation. Further it is necessary that Member States are able to choose on a case-by-case basis whether to use the ECBM or an existing mechanism for each individual joint project, to allow for greater administrative flexibility. I support the proposal set out, it is crucial that no region of the Union be left behind and that everyone can benefit from economic growth and development

Draft Agreement on Cooperation between Eurojust and Georgia (A8-0065/2019 - Sylvia-Yvone Kaufmann)  

The Eurojust-Georgia Cooperation agreement follows the model of similar agreements concluded by Eurojust in the past. The purpose of such agreements is to foster cooperation as regards combating serious crime, especially organised crime and terrorism. Organised crime groups originating in Georgia are operating in EU Member States. Moreover, Georgia is a post-conflict nation with a large stock of weapons remaining in the country with the potential for being trafficked. Georgia has been increasingly used to launder illicit proceeds generated by various organised criminal groups (OCGs). Thus, such an agreement can foster greater cooperation in the fight against such OCGs and is very much in the interest of the Union and Georgia, since such OCGs are a transnational issue.
Such cooperation will also aid Georgian authorities to ensure continuous fulfilment of their obligations and their serious commitment to preventing and fighting organised crime. Ultimately, I support the agreement on cooperation between Eurojust and Georgia; fighting organised crime is very much in the interest of both the Union and Georgia. Further, the agreement will foster greater trust and security between the Union and Georgia and will help prevent future organised crime from flourishing or taking place.

Health technology assessment (A8-0289/2018 - Soledad Cabezón Ruiz)  

The Commission’s proposal is timely and represents a high degree of added value for the EU. It constitutes a further step towards closer EU integration, especially necessary in an area as critical as health. The fundamental aim of the proposal is to introduce a joint clinical assessment of health technologies at EU level. The right to health is a fundamental right. It is important to the integrity of the individual, but also a key factor in social cohesion and economic productivity. However, the Union requires better clinical evidence as the basis for determining the relative efficacy and therapeutic benefits of medicines, i.e. quality. Further, there are serious concerns about the growing difficulties faced by European citizens in terms of accessing suitable treatment in the EU. The proposals suggest a directive is necessary which makes global regulation possible, clears the way for the right balance to be struck between all parties and interests, with the focus on the patient, and guarantees access to medicines. It is crucial that all citizens of the Union have access to high-quality healthcare and medicines and that difficulties within the internal market are brought to an end. Thus, in my capacity as IMCO rapporteur, I strongly support this proposal.

Framework for screening of foreign direct investments into the European Union (A8-0198/2018 - Franck Proust)  

All the G7 countries and EU partner countries already have an investment screening mechanism, which they have already reinforced several times. Thirteen out of twenty-eight Member States have already introduced this mechanism into their system; in its text, the Commission proposes filling this legislative void at European level to establish a foreign direct investment-screening framework. The Commission’s proposal contains many key concepts in the screening mechanism, such as investment, taking control and security and public order. The proposed mechanism does not replace the decision-making power of the Member States with regard to investments in their territory. It aims above all to create a mechanism for the exchange of information at European level. The Member State will remain sovereign over the investments, which take place in its territory and may thus use as it sees fit the information and knowledge of the Member States and/or of the Commission to take its sovereign decision to authorise or prohibit an investment through transition or flanking measures. These proposals allow for a proper and effective screening of FDI into the Union whilst retaining sovereignty for Member States, and thus I express my support.

Mutual recognition of goods lawfully marketed in another Member State (A8-0274/2018 - Ivan Štefanec)  

The single market for goods is one of the greatest achievements of the European Union. Achieving a deeper and fairer single market is one of the key political priorities of the European Union together with the implementation of the Single Market Strategy. The free movement of goods is the most developed fundamental freedom generating 25% of EU GDP and 75% of intra-EU trade. However, the single market for goods is still not completed. If there are no common rules on the single market, such as for products that do not fall under harmonised EU product safety rules or only fall partially under such rules, the principle of mutual recognition should apply. However, the current framework has not proven sufficient to ensure consistent and effective application of the mutual recognition principle. The proposal by the Commission aims to clarify and simplify the procedures to be followed by businesses and national authorities and improve the functioning of mutual recognition. Setting up administrative cooperation will enhance communication and trust among national authorities, and thus facilitate the functioning of mutual recognition. Those involved in mutual recognition do not communicate sufficiently well with each other. For the reasons outlined, I support the proposal.


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