Nessa CHILDERS : Explications de vote écrites 

Les députés peuvent expliquer par écrit leur vote en plénière. Article 183 du règlement intérieur.

Droits des personnes intersexuées (B8-0101/2019) EN  
 

Today’s vote is a stepping stone in recognising the fundamental rights of intersex people in the EU, with the first ever resolution approved by the European Parliament.
People in Europe continue to be discriminated because of who they love, the body they are born with and the personal sense of their gender.
Parliament deplores the fact that, in many EU countries, transgender people are still considered mentally ill, and the consequences are devastating for some people, causing significant distress.
Furthermore, surgery and medical treatment are often performed on intersex children without their prior, personal and full and informed consent, which can cause life-long consequences, including psychological trauma and physical impairments.
Every child should be able to safely explore their gender identity and expression, without being subjected to harmful diagnostic practices.
Today we are calling on the Commission to keep acting in this field and adopt a new multiannual strategy during its next mandate.

Protection des animaux pendant le transport, à l’intérieur comme à l’extérieur de l’Union (A8-0057/2019 - Jørn Dohrmann) EN  
 

It is vital to have clear rules regarding animal transport in Ireland and the rest of the EU. Most importantly, to ensure proper compliance with these rules – especially for journeys that cross intra—EU borders as well as borders with third countries – to ensure proper animal welfare standards throughout.
All farmed animals should be slaughtered as close as possible to the place of production and all meat products should be exported on the hook.
Live exports currently represent an important source of income for some farmers, especially in Ireland. However, live exports should ultimately be replaced with chilled or frozen meat products or carcasses. A country like Ireland risks its reputation for high welfare and high quality products by continuing to export live bulls and heifers (many in-calf) to third countries such as Libya where welfare standards are poor compared to Ireland and the rest of the EU.

Accord de libre-échange UE-Singapour (A8-0053/2019 - David Martin) EN  
 

I am disappointed to see a majority of my colleagues persisting with this model that grants big business an exclusive judicial forum to challenge government policy-making whenever they think decisions taken in the public interest will interfere with their profits.
The Investor Court System, which the EU executive champions as an important reform to a dispute settlement, actually maintains the all the perverse features of this flawed approach.
We are willingly taking our own governments hostage to a maximalist doctrine of ‘legitimate expectations’ from the business sector which can and does chill regulation, on pain of extortionately expensive litigation.
By pushing this model, particularly among developed countries, we are effectively undermining our own legal and judicial institutions, where the same legal standards should apply to all under the same conditions.
There is a groundswell of frustration and anger against the unequal dividends of globalisation among the general public.
Those who claim to defend it are actually undermining open societies by turning a deaf ear to their legitimate concerns.

Stratégies d’intégration des Roms (B8-0098/2019) EN  
 

It is clear that more efforts are needed in all areas of Roma integration in Europe. The resolution today is asking that the next Commission make Roma inclusion one of its priorities, as a follow up to last year’s Report on the fundamental rights aspects in Roma integration in the EU: fighting anti-Gypsyism.
Last year the Parliament asked for Member States to end statelessness, to ensure access to all the essential basic services, including healthcare, housing and education. However, since then very little progress has been made. Furthermore, Member States and the Commission should also ensure deeper involvement of Roma representatives in the development and implementation of this EU strategic framework.
Lastly, the Parliament is now asking for a wider set of priorities, clear targets, timelines and indicators for monitoring to be established so that, in the future, progress can be clearly evaluated. We sincerely hope these recommendations will be taken into account seriously and with urgency.

Services de soins dans l’Union européenne pour une meilleure égalité des genres (A8-0352/2018 - Sirpa Pietikäinen) EN  
 

The unequal involvement of men and women in care and domestic activities remains a persistent challenge. The average amount of time spent on unpaid domestic and care work is more than three times higher for women than men. One year has passed since EU leaders signed the European Pillar of Social Rights and ye, there is little sign of progress as many of the legislative files falling under the Pillar have been stalled in the Council.
With an ageing population, the demand on care services is increasing year on year and the existing approaches to care are no longer suited to new models of work such as zero-hour contracts or night shifts.
It is a positive step that some Member States have introduced fiscal incentives for companies that provide childcare for their employees in order to improve work-life balance. However, new solutions are still lacking in many Member States. Furthermore, the Commission needs to ensure that the European Institute for Gender Equality possesses adequate resources to monitor the development of care infrastructure and the implementation of work-life balance policies.

Maladie de Lyme (borréliose) (B8-0514/2018) EN  
 

Today’s vote is a crucial demand to improve diagnostics and treatment for Lyme disease patients. Lyme borreliosis is a bacterial disease transmitted to humans by the vector of a tick bite. The symptoms can often go unnoticed but if left untreated it can affect the skin, nervous or musculoskeletal system, leading in some cases to permanent damage. My colleagues and I have called for increased efforts to tackle the spreading of the disease to humans and to improve early treatment through reinforced awareness-raising measures, development of appropriate guidelines, and by ensuring sufficient financing for research that can improve the detection and treatment of Lyme disease. Currently Ireland cannot test for Lyme disease accurately as the Elisa blood test is only 50% accurate.
Accurate testing and effective treatments need to be available in Ireland and other EU Member States equally so patients can avoid having to travel to Germany and America for treatment at a huge cost.

Normes applicables aux émissions de CO2 des véhicules utilitaires lourds neufs (A8-0354/2018 - Bas Eickhout) EN  
 

The decarbonisation of road transport is a very effective way to comply with the Paris Climate Agreement and to help reduce air pollution. These changes, which we want to make today, would contribute toward curbing the increase of global temperature to well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels.
Currently, the CO2 emissions of heavy-duty vehicles represent about 6% of total EU greenhouse gas emissions. If we don’t act fast, this share will keep on growing.
We want to urge the Commission to act on the Parliament’s stance in order to contribute to better air quality in our cities by introducing public procurement obligations. Parliament is pushing for a binding target of zero-emission urban buses in a manufacturer’s fleet of 75% of new vehicles by 2030. Our citizens are demanding better air quality, and we must deliver.

Normes minimales pour les minorités dans l'UE (A8-0353/2018 - József Nagy) EN  
 

. ‒ Ethnic and national minorities are still experiencing discrimination in the EU in everyday life situations. Today, my colleagues and I pushed for widening the scope of the text and for stronger rights for people belonging to minorities in different aspects of everyday life.
Any policy should be discussed and decided on with the full involvement and consultation of the different minorities. Moreover, we urge the Commission to come up with a common framework of EU minimum standards for the protection of minorities. In the face of persistent discrimination, violent attacks and hate crimes happening across Europe, it is vital that Member States strengthen the rights of minority groups and rectify policies which lead to the marginalisation of small communities.

Importation de biens culturels (A8-0308/2018 - Alessia Maria Mosca, Daniel Dalton) EN  
 

I welcomed the European Parliament report on the import of cultural goods as another example of a due diligence system that the progressives on this side of the house have led. In the case of the import of cultural goods at risk of illicit trafficking, we have succeeded in including a full list of mandatory due diligence requirements that lacked in the proposal issued by the Committee responsible.
Fighting tax avoidance and tax evasion is vital: we cannot afford to lose billions of euros due to the lack of proper implementation by Members States of the Union Customs Code.
Today, I supported a move to establish a more thorough procedure for the import of cultural goods by means of import and export certificates which would shift the responsibility to prove licit ownership onto businesses with the least possible burden.

Promotion de véhicules de transport routier propres et économes en énergie (A8-0321/2018 - Andrzej Grzyb) EN  
 

This proposal will help deliver clean air for our cities by putting cleaner and zero-emission buses on our streets. This is because the Directive would determine how Member States can toll vehicles for their use of the road.
Public authorities should be at the forefront of the transition to zero-emission mobility, setting an example to the rest of the economy. Furthermore, smart tolling would allow for tolls to improve logistic efficiency and promote cleaner trucks. Trucks in Europe are responsible for external costs of EUR 143 billion annually, only 30 % of which are covered through taxes and tolls.
The European Commission and governments should ensure local and regional authorities get enough funding to accelerate this transition and build the necessary infrastructure in order to achieve cleaner and better energy-efficient road transport vehicles.

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