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Das Europäische Parlament fordert die Mitgliedsstaaten dringend auf, ihre Versprechen zu erfüllen und die von den EU-Staatschefs gemeinsam beschlossenen Aktionen zur Bewältigung der Migrationskrise mitzufinanzieren. Einige Abgeordnete schlugen vor, unerwartete Überschüsse von €2,3 Mrd. von Strafzahlungen und Zöllen zur Finanzierung einiger dieser Aktionen einzusetzen. Laut jüngsten Aussagen der Kommission fehlen €2,22 Mrd. an nationalen Beiträge für die neuen Fonds für Syrien und Afrika.

In der Aussprache mit Kommissions-Vizepräsidentin Kristalina Georgieva und dem Luxembourgischen Minister Nicolas Schmit für den Ratsvorsitz, hoben die meisten Abgeordneten hervor, dass die EU-Mitgliedsstaaten ihren Zahlungszusagen an die Fonds nachkommen müssen, um gegen die Ursachen von Migration vorzugehen. 


José Manuel Fernandes (EPP, PT), chief rapporteur for the 2016 EU budget:  "Member states will receive €2.3 billion as extraordinary reimbursements from fines and customs duties. This is exactly the same amount that member states have to make available to ensure funding of the two funds, without any additional financial effort. We have to tackle the refugee crisis at its roots (...) these two funds would enable us to build a better future in those countries and prevent wars."


Gérard Deprez (ALDE, BE), rapporteur for the 2016 EU budget: "We are underestimating the gravity of the situation. €1 billion for 2 million Syrian refugees in neighbouring countries, plus 4 or 5 million displaced people in Syria will only change things at the margins. And who to give the money to? President Erdogan, who asks for it, or NGOs?"


Eider Gardiazábal Rubial (S&D, ES), rapporteur for the 2015 EU budget:  "The European Union makes a laudable effort in financially supporting migration action, but what about the member states? They are still €2.2 billion down on matching EU action. The Commission revealed recently that €9.4 billion is going back to member states due to various adjustments. It would be a good gesture (...) to use part of this money to contribute to the trust funds."


How to make the best out of it


Reimer Böge (EPP, DE) asked the Commissioner to report back in every budget committee meeting exact figures on which country paid how much and when. Bernd Kölmel (ECR, DE) insisted on using the money to help people close to the conflict zones while Liadh Ní Riada (GUE/NLE, IR) deplored the lack of general strategy for the trust funds and its projects and programmes. Heidi Hautala (Greens/EFA, FI) said: "Although it's not enough, let's make the best out of it". Ignazio Corrao (EFDD, IT) called for facts and actions, not only words and commitments, while Nicolas Bay (EFN, FR) recommended certain NGOs for funding.


Speaking in the debate, Commission vice-president Georgieva reiterated her hope that member states would pledge more money for the Africa fund at the ongoing Valletta summit meeting (11-12 November), while Nicolas Schmit, for the Council, remarked that the level of member state contributions "was not yet satisfying".


Background

 

Member states committed at successive Council meetings to provide additional national financial contributions to tackle the migration crisis, in addition to the €9.2 billion in EU funds which will already be spent in 2015 and 2016. However, Commission data revealed on 6 November shows that national contributions to match part of the contributions by the EU are still running short to the tune of €467.6 million for the EU Regional Trust Fund for Syria, €1.75 billion for the Emergency Trust Fund for Africa, and €59.6 million for humanitarian aid.

Procedure: budgetary

 

2,3 Mrd.  ; € aus dem EU Budget werden für den EU Regional Trust Fund für Syrien (€500 mio.) und den Emergency Trust Fund für Afrika (€1.8 Mrd.)zur Verfügung gestellt

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