Renewable energy: setting ambitious targets for Europe 

 
 

Find out what the share of renewable energy is in different EU countries, how close they are to reaching ambitious goals for 2020 and 2030.

As part of the clean energy package, Parliament and the Council provisionally agreed changes on 14 June to the EU's renewable energy directive,  to include a new binding 32% green energy target for 2030 as well as set new principles on future financial support to renewable energy sources and boost people's right to produce their own renewable energy.

 

Spanish S&D member José Blanco López, who is responsible for steering the plans through Parliament, said: “We have substantially improved the initial proposal and we finally managed to reach a compromise on a binding target of 32% of renewables in the energy mix for 2030.”

 

The update is needed as the EU is committed to boosting renewable energy. Under rules agreed by member states 20% of the EU's energy consumption must come from renewable sources such as the sun or wind by 2020. In 2014 EU countries agreed this should increase to 27% by 2030.

 

To achieve this, national binding targets have been set and EU countries are on track to reach them. Check the table below for details.

Share of energy from renewable sources (in % of gross final energy consumption)

 

                                       

2016              

2020 target            

Sweden

53.8

49

Finland

38.7

38

Latvia

37.2

40

Austria

33.5

34

Denmark

32.2

30

Estonia

28.8

25

Portugal

28.5

31

Croatia

28.3

20

Lithuania

25.6

23

Romania

25

24

Slovenia

21.3

25

Bulgaria

18.8

16

Italy

17.4

17

Spain

17.3

20

EU average

17

20

France

16

23

Greece

15.2

18

Czech Republic

14.9

13

Germany

14.8

18

Hungary

14.2

13

Slovakia

12

14

Poland

11.3

15

Ireland

9.5

16

Cyprus

9.3

13

United Kingdom

9.3

15

Belgium

8.7

13

Malta

6

10

Netherlands

6

14

Luxembourg

5.4

11

 

Source: Eurostat

EU measures to promote cleaner energy also address the issue of the energy efficiency of buildings and household appliances.

The EU is keen to push the use of clean energy, such as solar energy ©AP Images/European Union-EP