A heroic girl from Pakistan, a Turkish protester, Belarussian, Russian and Ethiopian political prisoners, CNN and NSA whistle-blower Edward Snowden are this year's nominees for the Sakharov Prize. They were presented on 16 September by the Parliament's foreign affairs and human rights committees. All of these nominations were made by MEPs or political groups. The final winner will be chosen in October.
Malala Yousafzai was 11 years old in 2009 when she began her fight in Pakistan's Swat Valley, where the Taliban ban girls from attending school, by writing a blog. She quickly became a prominent voice against such abuses, and Taliban gunmen tried to assassinate here in October 2012.
The computer expert who leaked details of NSA mass surveillance, Mr Snowden has been charged with espionage in the USA and is now living in temporary asylum in Russia.
Reeyot Alemu and Eskinder Nega
These Ethiopian journalists were jailed in 2012 on terrorism charges for criticising the government.
Ales Bialatski, Eduard Lobau and Mykola Statkevich
They represent all Belarusian political prisoners. They have been in prison since December 2010 for protesting against the "fraudulent" re-election of president Alexander Lukashenko.
This Russian businessman was sentenced in 2005 to nine years in prison after calling on president Vladimir Putin to account for corruption. In 2010 his sentence was prolonged until 2017.
"Standing Man" protesters
Erdem Gündüz was the first man to stand and stare in the Taksim Square protests in Istanbul. Later he was joined by others, making this a symbol of the peaceful movement for human rights and freedom.
The CNN Freedom Project: Ending Modern-Day Slavery
This global media campaign against the slave trade, human trafficking, and forced and child labour has issued more than 400 reports since 2011 highlighting the suffering of victims worldwide.
For more details, click on the links on the right.