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Elections 2014: share-out of MEPs' seats among 28 EU countries

Plenary Session Press release - Constitutional affairs12-06-2013 - 13:46
 
Panoramic photo of the EP hemicycle in Strasbourg   © European Union 2012 - European Parliament

In the 2014 European elections 12 EU member states will each lose one seat and none will gain any, under a draft decision endorsed by Parliament on Wednesday. These reductions are needed in order to comply with the 751-seat limit set by the Lisbon Treaty and to make room for Croatia's MEPs.


The draft European Council decision, approved by Parliament by 574 votes to 71, with 39 abstentions, leaves unchanged the redistribution of seats between member states proposed by MEPs on 13 March 2013. After Parliament's consent, the text still needs to be formally adopted by all EU heads of state and government at the 27-28 June summit.


The proposed solution means that 12 member states – Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Latvia, Lithuania, Portugal and Romania – will each lose one seat at the next European elections. The remaining three seats have to come from Germany, whose share must go down from 99 seats to 96, the maximum allowed by the Lisbon Treaty (see table below).


This solution should avoid a "traumatic reallocation of seats, with heavy losses for medium and small member states and huge increases for big ones." It is also "the "least imperfect of the possible solutions", said lead MEPs Rafał Trzaskowski (EPP, PL) and Roberto Gualtieri (S&D, IT).


Looking ahead to the 2019 elections


The agreement states that this allocation of seats should be revised before the 2019 elections on the basis of a proposal by the European Parliament presented before the end of 2016, to ensure that seats are distributed in an "objective, fair, durable and transparent way". This should respect the principle of "degressive proportionality", whereby MEPs from larger member states represent more citizens than those from smaller ones, reflect any change in the number of member states and demographic trends, and respect the overall balance of the institutional system.



Member States Current allocation of seats Proposed allocation of seats Difference
Germany 99* 96 -3
France 74 74 =
United Kingdom 73 73 =
Italy 73 73 =
Spain 54 54 =
Poland 51 51 =
Romania 33 32 -1
Netherlands 26 26 =
Greece 22 21 -1
Belgium 22 21 -1
Portugal 22 21 -1
Czech Republic 22 21 -1
Hungary 22 21 -1
Sweden 20 20 =
Austria 19 18 -1
Bulgaria 18 17 -1
Denmark 13 13 =
Slovakia 13 13 =
Finland 13 13 =
Ireland 12 11 -1
Croatia 12 11 -1
Lithuania 12 11 -1
Slovenia 8 8 =
Latvia 9 8 -1
Estonia 6 6 =
Cyprus 6 6 =
Luxembourg 6 6 =
Malta 6 6 =
TOTAL 766 751 15

* The three extra German seats were part of a transitional arrangement that expires at the end of the current parliamentary term.


Procedure: Consent

REF. : 20130610IPR11414
 
 
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