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Election of new EP President, 14 Vice-Presidents and five Quaestors

Institutions26-06-2014 - 12:54
 

The first act of the newly-elected European Parliament when it meets on 1 July will be to elect its President. The acting President, Gianni Pittella, who has been re-elected to Parliament, will preside over the election of the new President, under Rule 14 of Parliament's Rules of Procedure.



Nomination of candidates for the presidency and election procedure


Candidates for the presidency may be proposed either by a political group or by a minimum of forty MEPs (Rule 15 of Parliament's Rules of Procedure) until Monday evening before the session. The election is held by secret ballot. In this special election, MEPs vote by marking the name of the candidate from the list on a paper ballot and placing it in a ballot box. The process is overseen by eight tellers, chosen by lot from among MEPs.


To be elected, a candidate must win an absolute majority of the valid votes cast, i.e. 50 per cent plus one (Rule 16). Blank or spoiled ballots do not count in calculating the majority required.

If no candidate is elected at the first ballot, the same or other candidates can be nominated for a second round of voting under the same conditions. This can be repeated in a third round if necessary, again with the same rules.


If no-one is elected at the third ballot, the two highest-scoring candidates in that round proceed to a fourth ballot, where the one receiving the greater number of votes wins. (Should there be a tie at this stage, the older candidate is declared the winner).


The newly-elected President then takes the chair and is entitled to make an opening address (though he or she may also choose to make just a few short remarks, with a more formal speech at a later date), before presiding over the election of the Vice-Presidents and Quaestors.


Duties of the President


The President chairs the plenary sittings of Parliament, the Conference of the Presidents of Political Groups and the Bureau of Parliament (made up of the President and the 14 Vice-Presidents, plus the Quaestors in an advisory capacity).


The President is responsible for the application of the Rules of Procedure of Parliament, and, to this end, oversees all the activities of Parliament and its bodies.


The President represents Parliament in all legal matters.


The President addresses the European Council prior to each of its meetings, stating Parliament's views on the agenda items as part of a debate with the heads of state and government.


The President represents Parliament in its international relations, and, in this connection, undertakes official visits within and outside the EU.


The President signs the EU budget into being following Parliament's vote on it at the second reading. During the procedure, the President chairs the EP/Council conciliation delegations.


The President may, under the co-decision procedure, chair the EP/Council Conciliation Committee. Jointly with the President-in-Office of the Council, the President signs all legislative acts adopted by co-decision.


Fourteen Vice-Presidents and five Quaestors


Candidates for the posts of Vice-President and Quaestor can also be chosen either by a political group or by at least 40 Members, nominating them after the elections of the EP President. The first ballot of vice-presidential election is also held using a paper-based secret ballot, with a single ballot paper. Candidates must obtain the support of an absolute majority of those casting valid ballots, with a second round held under the same conditions if all 14 posts are not filled on the first round. A third round can then be held if there are still vacancies, at which point a relative majority is enough for election to one of the remaining positions. The order in which candidates are elected determines the order of precedence (Rule 17). If the number of candidates proposed is the same as the number of positions to be filled - 14 - then they will be elected by acclamation, with a vote held simply to determine the order of precedence. A similar procedure is followed for the election of the Quaestors (Rule 18).


Vice-Presidents can replace the President in performing his duties when necessary, including chairing plenary sittings. (Rule 23) They are also members of the Bureau, the body responsible for all administrative, staff and organisational matters of the Parliament. The five Quaestors deal with administrative matters directly affecting MEPs themselves (Rule 28).


Presidents of the European Parliament 1952 to 1979


1952 - 1954 Paul-Henri SPAAK (Soc, BE)

1954 Alcide DE GASPERI (CD, IT)

1954 - 1956 Giuseppe PELLA (CD, IT)

1956 - 1958 Hans FURLER (CD, DE)

1958 - 1960 Robert SCHUMAN (CD, FR)

1960 - 1962 Hans FURLER (CD, DE)

1962 - 1964 Gaetano MARTINO (L, IT)

1964 - 1965 Jean DUVIEUSART (CD, BE)

1965 - 1966 Victor LEEMANS (CD, BE)

1966 - 1969 Alain POHER (CD, FR)

1969 - 1971 Mario SCELBA (CD, IT)

1971 - 1973 Walter BEHRENDT (Soc, DE)

1973 - 1975 Cornelis BERKHOUWER (L, NL)

1975 - 1977 Georges SPENALE (Soc, FR)

1977 - 1979 Emilio COLOMBO (CD, IT)

 

Presidents of the directly elected European Parliament since 1979

 

Session of July 1979: Simone VEIL (LDR, FR)

- elected on the second ballot with 192 votes (votes cast: 377)


Session of January 1982: Pieter DANKERT (PES, NL)

- elected on the fourth ballot with 191 votes (votes cast: 366)


Session of July 1984: Pierre PFLIMLIN (EPP, FR)

- elected on the second ballot with 221 votes (votes cast: 403)


Session of January 1987: Lord (Henry) PLUMB (ED, UK)

- elected on the third ballot with 241 votes (votes cast: 477)


Session of July 1989: Enrique Baron CRESPO (PES, ES)

- elected on the first ballot with 301 votes (votes cast: 475)


Session of January 1992: Egon KLEPSCH (EPP, DE)

- elected on the first ballot with 253 votes (votes cast: 446)


Session of July 1994: Klaus HÄNSCH (PES, DE)

- elected on the first ballot with 365 votes (votes cast: 452)


Session of January 1997: Jose Maria GIL ROBLES (EPP, ES)

- elected on the first ballot with 338 votes (votes cast: 515)


Session of July 1999: Nicole FONTAINE (EPP-ED, FR)

- elected on the first ballot with 306 votes (votes cast: 555)


Session of January 2002: Pat COX (ELDR, IE)

- elected on the third ballot with 298 votes (votes cast: 568)


Session of July 2004: Josep BORRELL FONTELLES (PES, ES)

- elected on the first ballot with 388 votes (votes cast: 647)


Session of January 2007: Hans-Gert POETTERING (EPP-ED, DE)

- elected on the first ballot with 450 votes (votes cast: 689)


Session of July 2009: Jerzy BUZEK (EPP, PL)

- elected on the first ballot with 555 votes (votes cast: 644)


Session of January 2012: Martin SCHULZ (S&D, DE)

- elected on the first ballot with 387 votes (votes cast: 670)

REF. : 20140625BKG50503
Updated: ( 26-06-2014 - 13:08)
 
 

Election results: towards the new Parliament

After the elections on 22-25 May the authorities of the Member States notified Parliament of the names of the elected members who will take their seats with effect from the opening of the first sitting on 1 July. Elected members are required to declare in writing, where possible, no later than six days beforehand, that they do not hold any incompatible office with that of Member of the European Parliament within the meaning of Article 7(1) or (2) of the Act of 20 September 1976.These offices are


:- Member of a national parliament,

- Member of the government of a Member State,

- Member of the European Commission,

- Judge, Advocate-General or Registrar of the European Court of Justice,

- Member of the Board of Directors of the European Central Bank,

- Member of the European Court of Auditors,

- the European Ombudsman,

- Member of the Economic and Social Committee,

- Member of the Committee of the Regions,

- Member of the Board of Directors, Management Committee or staff of the European Investment Bank,

- active official or servant of the institutions of the European Union.


Where it is established that a Member holds an incompatible office, Parliament shall establish that there is a vacancy. The validity of the mandate of a Member may not be confirmed unless the required written declarations have been made (Rule 3).


Formation of political groups


For the constitutive session, 24 June was the administrative deadline for forming a political group in order for it to be present at the constitutive session. Groups can of course be formed and dissolved at any time during the legislative term.


Political groups are provided with a secretariat and administrative facilities, including human resources, funded from Parliament's budget. Parliament’s Bureau sets the rules for how these funds and facilities are managed and audited. “Non-attached" MEPs (i.e. those who do not belong to a political group) are also provided with a secretariat and have rights under the rules set by the Bureau.

The funds available are intended to cover the administrative and operational costs of a group's staff as well as expenditure on political and information activities in connection with the European Union's political activities. The budget may not be used to finance any form of European, national, regional or local electoral campaign or to finance political parties at national and European level or their dependent bodies.


The latest composition of the European Parliament is set out below. There are 7 political groups and 52 non-attached MEPs. The rule on the formation of political groups is also detailed below.


Political group

No of seats

Score in %

EPP

221

29.4

S&D

191

25.4

ECR

70

9.3

ALDE

67

8.9

GUE/NGL

52

6.9

Greens/EFA

50

6.7

EFDD

48

6.4

NA

52

6.9


EPP: Group of the European People's Party (Christian Democrats)

S&D: Group of the Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats in the European Parliament

ECR: European Conservatives and Reformists Group

ALDE: Group of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe

GUE/NGL: Confederal Group of the European United Left / Nordic Green Left

Greens/EFA: Group of the Greens / European Free Alliance

EFDD: Europe of Freedom and Direct Democracy Group

NA: Non-attached

 

Rule 32 on the formation of political groups:


1. Members may form themselves into groups according to their political affinities.


Parliament need not normally evaluate the political affinity of members of a group. In forming a group together under this Rule, Members concerned accept by definition that they have political affinity. Only when this is denied by the Members concerned is it necessary for Parliament to evaluate whether the group has been constituted in accordance with the Rules.


2. A political group shall comprise Members elected in at least one-quarter of the Member States. The minimum number of Members required to form a political group shall be 25.


3. If a group falls below the required threshold, the President, with the agreement of the Conference of Presidents, may allow it to continue to exist until Parliament's next constitutive sitting, provided the following conditions are met:


- the members continue to represent at least one-fifth of the Member States, and

- the group has been in existence for a period longer than one year.


The President shall not apply this derogation where there is sufficient evidence to suspect that it is being abused.


4. A Member may not belong to more than one political group.


5. The President shall be notified in a statement when a political group is set up. This statement shall specify the name of the group and the names of its members and bureau members.


6. The statement shall be published in the Official Journal of the European Union.


 
 

Summary of facts and figures on new MEPs

 

Below is a summary of some facts and figures on the new European Parliament. This information may still change. N.B. not all MEPs elected will take their seats.


Re-elected / new MEPs


Re-elected MEPs                                           50.60%

New MEPs                                                       49.40%

Highest proportion of re-elected MEPs      69.79% (Germany)

Highest proportion of new MEPs               100.00% (Greece)


Women / men


Women                                               36.88% (35.05% previous Parliament)

Men                                                     63.12% (64.95% previous Parliament)

Highest proportion of women       66.67% (Malta)

Lowest proportion of women          9.09% (Lithuania)


Young / old


Youngest MEP            Mr Anders Primdahl Vistisen, born 12.11.1987 (26)

Oldest MEP                Mr Emmanouil Glezos, born 9.9.1922, (91)


Commissioners elected as MEPs

Mr Karel De Gucht*, Belgium

Mr Janusz Lewandowski, Poland

Mr Neven Mimica*, Croatia

Ms Viviane Reding, Luxembourg

Mr Olli Rehn, Finland

Mr Maroš Šefčovič*, Slovakia

Mr Antonio Tajani, Italy


*elected MEPs who intend to remain as Commissioners


Former prime ministers elected as MEPs

 

Mr Andrus Ansip, Estonia

Mr Jerzy Buzek, Poland

Mr Valdis Dombrovskis, Latvia

Ms Anneli Jäätteenmäki, Finland

Mr Rolandas Paskas, Lithuania

Mr Lojze Peterle, Slovenia

Mr Alfred Sant, Malta

Mr Theodor Stolojan, Romania

Mr Guy Verhofstadt, Belgium


Number of national parties and movements         186 (165 in outgoing Parliament)

 
 

Ratio of male to female Members of the European Parliament

 

The provisional ratio of male to female MEPs at the time of publication was 63% to 37%, a slight increase in the number of women over the last Parliament. (65% to 35%).


The exact distribution of men and women will only be known at the constitutive session.


Election year

Men (%)

Women (%)

1979-1984

84

16

1984-1989

82

18

1989-1994

81

19

1994-1999

74

26

1999-2004

70

30

2004-2009

69

31

2009-2014

65

35

2014-2019

63

37

 
 

Composition of Parliament

Without prejudice to Parliament’s composition at the constitutive session on 1 July 2014




COUNTRY

Total number of MEPs

Men

Women

Proportion of women June 2014

Proportion of women on 20 July 2009

AUSTRIA

18

10

8

44.44%

41.18%

BELGIUM

21

15

6

28.57%

36.36%

BULGARIA

17

12

5

29.41%

41.18%

CROATIA

11

6

5

45.45%

-

CYPRUS

6

5

1

16.67%

33.33%

CZECH REPUBLIC

21

16

5

23.81%

18.18%

DENMARK

13

8

5

38.46%

46.15%

ESTONIA

6

3

3

50.00%

50.00%

FINLAND

13

6

7

53.85%

61.54%

FRANCE

74

42

32

43.24%

45.83%

GERMANY

96

61

35

36.46%

37.37%

GREECE

21

16

5

23.81%

31.82%

HUNGARY

21

17

4

19.05%

36.36%

IRELAND

11

5

6

54.55%

25.00%

ITALY

73

44

29

39.73%

22.22%

LATVIA

8

5

3

37.50%

37.50%

LITHUANIA

11

10

1

9.09%

25.00%

LUXEMBOURG

6

4

2

33.33%

16.67%

MALTA

6

2

4

66.67%

       0%

NETHERLANDS

26

15

11

42.31%

48.00%

POLAND

51

39

12

23.53%

22.00%

PORTUGAL

21

13

8

38.10%

36.36%

ROMANIA

32

22

10

31.25%

36.36%

SLOVAKIA

13

9

4

30.77%

38.46%

SLOVENIA

8

5

3

37.50%

28.57%

SPAIN

54

32

22

40.74%

36.00%

SWEDEN

20

9

11

55.00%

55.56%

UK

73

43

30

41.10%

33.33%

Total

751

474

277

36.88%

35.05%

 
 

Oldest and youngest MEPs by Member State

 

The oldest MEP is Mr Emmanouil Glezos, Greece, born 9.9.1922 (91), and the youngest Mr Anders Primdahl Vistisen, Denmark, born 12.11.1987 (26).


COUNTRY

Number of MEPs

Youngest MEP

Oldest MEP

AUSTRIA

18

Ms Elisabeth KÖSTINGER

(22.11.1978)

Mr Josef WEIDENHOLZER

(6.3.1950)

BELGIUM

21

Mr Hugues BAYET

(12.4.1975)

Mr Gérard DEPREZ

(13.8.1943)

BULGARIA

17

Mr Momchil NEKOV

(13.5.1986)

Mr Georgi PIRINSKI

(10.9.1948)

CROATIA

11

Ms Marijana PETIR

(4.10.1975)

Ms Dubravka ŠUICA

(20.5.1957)

CYPRUS

6

Mr Demetris PAPADAKIS

(1966)

Ms Eleni THEOCHAROUS

(24.6.1953)

CZECH REPUBLIC

21

Ms Kateřina KONEČNÁ

(20.1.1981)

Mr Jaromír ŠTĚTINA

(6.4.1943)

DENMARK

13

Mr Anders PRIMDAHL VISTISEN

(12.11.1987)

Ms Margrete AUKEN

(6.1.1945)

ESTONIA

6

Ms Kaja KALLAS

(18.6. 1977)

Mr Tunne KELAM

(10.7.1936)

FINLAND

13

Mr Sampo TERHO

(20.9.1977)

Mr Nils TORVALDS

(7.8.1945)

FRANCE

74

Mr Florian PHILIPPOT

(24.10.1981)

Mr Jean-Marie LE PEN

(20.6.1928)

GERMANY

96

Ms Theresa REINTKE

(9.5.1987)

Mr Hans-Olaf HENKEL

(14.3.1940)

GREECE

21

Mr Nikolaos ANDROULAKIS

(1979)

Mr Emmanouil GLEZOS

(9.9.1922)

HUNGARY

21

Ms Andrea BOCSKOR

(1978)

Mr. György SCHÖPFLIN

(24.11.1939)

IRELAND

11

Mr Matt CARTHY

(19.7.1977)

Mr Sean KELLY

(26.4.1952)

ITALY

73

Mr Marco ZANNI

(11.7.1986)

Ms Mercedes BRESSO

(12.7.1944)

LATVIA

8

Mr Andrejs MAMIKINS

(11.3.1976)

Ms Tatjana ŽDANOKA

(8.5.1950)

LITHUANIA

11

Mr Gabrielius LANDSBERGIS

(7.1.1982)

Mr Algirdas SAUDARGAS

(17.4.1948)


LUXEMBOURG


6


Mr Frank ENGEL

(10.5.1975)


Ms Mady DELVAUX-STEHRES

(11.10.1950)

MALTA

6

Ms Roberta METSOLA

(18.1.1979)

Mr Alfred SANT

(28.2.1948)

NETHERLANDS

26

Ms Vicky MAEIJER

(7.9.1986)

Mr Hans JANSEN

(17.11.1942)

POLAND

51

Mr Jarosław WAŁĘSA

(13.9.1976)

Mr Adam GIEREK

(17.4.1938)

PORTUGAL

21

Ms Cláudia AGUIAR

(8.4.1982)

Mr Fernando RUAS

(15.1.1949)

ROMANIA

32

Mr Victor NEGRESCU

(17.8.1985)

Mr Theodor Dumitru STOLOJAN

(24.10.1943)

SLOVAKIA

13

Ms Jana ŽITŇANSKÁ

(14.5.1974)

Mr Eduard KUKAN

(26.12.1939)

SLOVENIA

8

Ms Tanja FAJON

(9.5.1971)

Mr Ivo VAJGL

(3.3.1943)

SPAIN

54

Mr Javier LÓPEZ FERNÁNDEZ

(1985)

Mr Carlos Jiménez VILLAREJO

(3.6.1935)

SWEDEN

20

Ms Jytte GUTELAND

(16.9.1979)

Ms Marit PAULSEN

(24.11.1939)

UK

73

Mr Tim AKER

(1985)

Mr Roger HELMER

(25.1.1944)


Without prejudice to Parliament’s composition at the constitutive session on 1 July 2014

 
 

Percentages of re-elected and new MEPs by Member State

 

The highest percentage of MEPs re-elected was in Germany, with almost 70%. The highest proportion of newly elected MEPs was in Greece, where none of previous members were re-elected. These figures were provisional on the date of publication, 25 June 2014.


COUNTRY

New MEPs

Re-elected MEPs

Total

% New MEPs

% Re-elected MEPs

AUSTRIA

8

10

18

44.44%

55.56%

BELGIUM

9

12

21

42.86%

57.14%

BULGARIA

10

7

17

58.82%

41.18%

CROATIA

4

7

11

36.36%

63.64%

CYPRUS

4

2

6

66.67%

33.33%

CZECH REPUBLIC

15

6

21

71.43%

28.57%

DENMARK

6

7

13

46.15%

53.85%

ESTONIA

4

2

6

66.67%

33.33%

FINLAND

7

6

13

53.85%

46.15%

FRANCE

36

38

74

59.72%

40.28%

GERMANY

29

67

96

30.21%

69.79%

GREECE

21

0

21

100%

0%

HUNGARY

11

10

21

52.38%

47.62%

IRELAND

5

6

11

45.45%

54.55%

ITALY

50

23

73

68.49%

31.51%

LATVIA

4

4

8

50.00%

50.00%

LITHUANIA

5

6

11

45.45%

54.55%

LUXEMBOURG

2

4

6

33.33%

66.67%

MALTA

3

3

6

50.00%

50.00%

NETHERLANDS

14

12

26

53.85%

46.15%

POLAND

26

25

51

50.98%

49.02%

PORTUGAL

12

9

21

57.14%

42.86%

ROMANIA

12

20

32

37.50%

62.50%

SLOVAKIA

7

6

13

53.85%

46.15%

SLOVENIA

4

4

8

50.00%

50.00%

SPAIN

31

23

54

57.41%

42,59%

SWEDEN

10

10

20

50.00%

50.00%

UK

31

42

73

42.47%

57.53%

Total

380

371

751

50.60%

49.40%


 
 

European Parliament committees

 

The Parliament will vote on the numerical composition of Parliament’s committees on Wednesday, 2 July.


The composition of the committees shall, as far as possible, reflect the composition of Parliament. The proportionality of the distribution of committee seats among political groups must not depart from the nearest appropriate whole number (Rule 199).


Committees will hold their constituent meetings on Monday 7 July in Brussels when each committee will elect a chair and vice-chairs (Rule 204).

 

Election of committee chair and vice chairs (rule 191)

 

At the first committee meeting after the election of committee members (taking place during the constitutive session and again two and a half years thereafter), each committee will elect a chair and vice-chairs, in separate ballots. The number of vice-chairs to be elected shall be determined by Parliament upon a proposal by the Conference of Presidents.


At the first ballot, an absolute majority of the votes cast is required. At the second ballot, the candidate who obtains the highest number of votes shall be elected. In the event of a tie, the oldest candidate shall be elected. Where a second ballot is required, new candidates can be nominated.

When the number of nominations corresponds to the number of seats to be filled, the election may take place by acclamation. If this is not the case, or at the request of one-sixth of the members of the committee, the election takes place by secret ballot.


Before the constitutive meetings of the committees, the political groups sit together and negotiate their support for the chairmanship of each committee to a representative of a political group. These negotiations, aimed at finding the majorities required for the election of committee chairs, are based on the d’Hondt proportional method. They cannot, of course, preclude the results of any election within the given committee.


On 15 January 2014, the outgoing Parliament adopted a decision on powers and responsibilities of the standing committees, which are as follows:


I. Committee on Foreign Affairs,

II. Committee on Development

III. Committee on International Trade

IV. Committee on Budgets

V. Committee on Budgetary Control

VI. Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs

VII. Committee on Employment and Social Affairs

VIII. Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety

IX. Committee on Industry, Research and Energy

X. Committee on Internal Market and Consumer Protection

XI. Committee on Transport and tourism

XII. Committee on Regional Development

XIII. Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development

XIV. Committee on Fisheries

XV. Committee on Culture and Education

XVI. Committee on Legal Affairs

XVII. Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs

XVIII. Committee on Constitutional Affairs

XIX. Committee on Women's Rights and Gender Equality

XX. Committee on Petitions

 
 
   
Contacts
 
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  • EP Spokesperson and Director for the Media
    COMM - PRESS
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  • Marjory VAN DEN BROEKE
  • Head of the Press Unit
    COMM - PRESS
  • Telephone number(+32) 2 28 44304 (BXL)
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