What about litigation?
To enforce or to revoke today's European Patent may entail multiple legal proceedings in various countries. The decisions of the new patent court, by contrast, will apply in all participating EU member states.
To ensure that the unitary patent litigation system is efficient, Parliament backed the idea of a decentralised structure, clear procedural rules and judges selected for their competence in patent law.
The new unified patent court, to be set up through an international agreement by participating EU member states, will cut costs and reduce uncertainty as to the law created by differing national judgments.
Can software be patented under the new rules?
No. The unitary patent package will not change the rules on granting a patent, but only the geographic extent of the legal protection that a patent affords, once it has been granted.