What is the PNR situation in the EU today?
The use of PNR data is not currently regulated at EU level. Some member states already have a PNR system (e.g. the UK), while others have either enacted legislation or are currently testing PNR data systems. Most EU countries use PNR data for the prevention, detection, investigation and prosecution of terrorist offences and serious crime in a non-systematic way or under general powers granted to the police or other national authorities.
The proposal aims to harmonise member states’ provisions on the collection and processing of PNR data. Once approved, member states would have two years to transpose the directive into their national laws.
PNR systems in member states and EU funding
In 2011, when the EU PNR directive was proposed by the Commission, only the UK had a fully-fledged PNR data collection system. In 2012, while the draft law was still under examination by the European Parliament, the Commission launched a call for proposals aiming to establish Passenger Information Units (PIUs) in the member states, under its 2007-2013 programme "Prevention of and Fight against Crime".
In 2013, a total of €50 million, made available by the Commission, was distributed among 14 EU countries which presented projects for developing their national PNR schemes.