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Policies must change to achieve equality between women and men, says Parliament in a non-legislative resolution passed by 441 votes to 205 with 52 abstentions on Tuesday. Despite progress on some gender inequality issues, much remains to be done to reduce pay gaps, remove “glass ceilings” on women’s careers, remedy their lack of economic independence, improve their work/life balance, including parental leave, and protect their rights and access to contraception and abortion.

"The verdict is less than glorious: change is too slow and women's rights are suffering the effects of this. But the majority in favour of the resolution shows that the European Parliament backs the fight for wage equality, efforts to combat violence against women, agree on maternity leave proposals and safeguard access to abortion", said rapporteur Marc Tarabella (S&D, BE) after the vote.

The resolution assesses the situation in 2013 and highlights the following key policy challenges:

  • wage and pension gaps, women’s position in political and economic decision-making, and the impact of economic crisis on women (poverty),

  • improving the work/life balance, child care systems, maternity and paternity leave,

  • rights to sexual and reproductive health, including contraception and abortion, and

  • combating violence against women.

Building gender equality and women’s rights into policy making and budget procedures

MEPs urge EU member states to:

  • enforce the directive on the implementation of the principle of equal opportunities and equal treatment of men and women in matters of employment and occupation,

  • unblock draft legislation on women on boards and promote educational policies that encourage women to make their careers in science, technology and ICT sectors, and

  • tackle the problem of women in part-time, low-paid and precarious work and ensure quality care is available for children and other dependent persons.

Sharing family responsibilities, paid paternity leave

Given that more flexible working arrangements can improve women’s participation in the labour market, but may also affect their wages, MEPs encourage women and men to share family responsibilities. Fathers should have a right to at least 10 days’ paid paternity leave, they say. MEPs also urge the EU Council of Ministers to end the deadlock among EU member states on the draft maternity leave directive, blocked since 2010.

To help improve the work/life balance, MEPs call on the European Commission to offer EU member states more financial support for affordable childcare systems. They note that the Commission itself reports that childcare costs are the key reason that mothers cite for not returning to work or working part time.

Sexual and reproductive health rights

MEPs reiterate that women must have control over their sexual and reproductive health rights, including having ready access to contraception and abortion.

"Women and men are not and never will be identical, but it is in everyone's interest that they should have the same rights", commented Mr Tarabella.


Every year the European Parliament passes a resolution assessing progress made towards achieving equality between women and men.

16.4 %  ; Pay gap in 2013: for the same work, a woman is paid 83.6 cents for every Euro paid to a man

  • 32% of women in the EU work part time, compared with only 8.2% of men 
  • Women's pensions are 39% smaller than men's 
  • Only 31% of EU entrepreneurs are women, even though they make up 60% of graduates 
  • Women hold only 17.8% of seats on large company boards.  
  • On current trends, the EU target of getting 75% of women into jobs will not be achieved until 2038 and women and men will not earn equal salaries until 2084