What are the requirements to form a political group?
After the elections, MEPs form political groups. These groups bring together MEPs from different Member States on the basis of their political affinities. Groups can also be formed later during the Parliament mandate. At the end of the 8th term, there are 8 political groups in the European Parliament.
To get the formal status of a political group it must consist of at least 25 MEPs, elected in at least one-quarter of the member states (i.e. at least 7). MEPs may belong to one political group only. When a group is set up, the President of Parliament must be notified in a statement specifying the name of the group, its members and its presidium and a political declaration, setting out the purpose of the group.
Normally, Parliament does not assess the political affinity of group members. By forming a group, MEPs accept by definition that they have political affinity. It is only when this is denied by the MEPs concerned themselves that Parliament will have to evaluate whether the group has in fact been constituted in conformity with the rules.