Are there other committees?
Parliament can also set up sub-committees and special temporary committees to deal with specific issues, and it may create committees of inquiry to investigate alleged contraventions or maladministration of EU law.
Special committees in the 2014-2019 term:
- TAXE - Tax Rulings and Other Measures Similar in Nature or Effect (work completed on 30 November 2015)
- TAX2 - Tax Rulings and Other Measures Similar in Nature or Effect (work completed on 2 August 2016)
- TAX3 - Financial crimes, tax evasion and tax avoidance (work completed on 28 March 2019)
- TERR - Terrorism (work completed on 14 November 2018)
- PEST - EU authorisation procedure for pesticides (work completed on 12 December 2018)
Committees of inquiry in the 2014-2019 term:
- EMIS - Emission Measurements in the Automotive Sector (work completed on 4 April 2017)
- PANA - Money laundering, tax avoidance and tax evasion (work completed on 13 December 2017)
At the conciliation stage, a specific Conciliation Committee is set up. Conciliation is the third and final phase of the Ordinary Legislative Procedure (OLP) (also known as ‘codecision’). The conciliation procedure is opened if Council does not approve all the amendments adopted by the Parliament at second reading.
The Conciliation Committee consists of two delegations: the Council delegation, composed of one representative of each Member State (ministers or their representatives), and the Parliament delegation, composed of an equal number of MEPs. The Conciliation Committee is responsible for drawing up a ‘joint text’, which then has to be endorsed by both Parliament and the Council.