Facts and figures on European Parliament elections 


Parliament provides up-to-date key facts and figures about the European Parliament and the electoral process.


Voting in the plenary chamber of the European Parliament, Strasbourg 

In July, Parliament and Council adopted a reform of the EU electoral law, which needs to be ratified by member states’ parliaments. Read more.

Practical details of the electoral process are governed by national laws and could still undergo changes under the authority of each member state. Some countries have voting obligations, some will go to vote on 23 May, others on 24 or 26 May, the minimum voting age differs from country to country and so do thresholds. Find out about national rules (to date)

2019 European elections national rules© EP 

An extensive EP Research Briefing provides key facts and figures about the European Parliament, both today - during the current 2014 to 2019 parliamentary term - and in the seven previous terms since direct elections were introduced in June 1979.

On the related pages you will find graphics, charts and figures on:

  • the composition of the European Parliament now and in the past,
  • the increase in the number of parties represented in the Parliament and evolution of political groups,
  • the rise in the number of women sitting in the Parliament,
  • the electoral systems used in elections to the Parliament across the member states,
  • turnout in European elections compared with national elections,
  • Parliament's work in the 2009-14 term, and so far in the current term,
  • the annual cost of the Parliament compared with other parliaments, and
  • the composition of the Parliament’s main governing bodies.

Monitoring European and national election results

Parliament’s Public Opinion Monitoring Unit carefully tracks any change in policies on offer within the EU member states and constantly monitors the national and European political spectrum, in the light of past European elections and current trends. They follow elections, referenda and political developments in the member states with regard to their relevance and impact on the European Union and to the composition of the European Parliament.

Find out more in the regularly updated Review of European and National Election Results, the most complete and comprehensive database of developments in the political spectrum across the EU since the first direct European elections in 1979.