Parliament provides up-to-date key facts and figures about the electoral process.
Practical details of the electoral process are governed by national laws and elections are held under the authority of each member state. Some countries have voting obligations, some will go to vote on 23 May, others on 24 or 26 May, the minimum voting age differs from country to country and so do thresholds. Find out about national rules.
Regular updates on voting information for citizens, constituencies and candidates in each member state, including information on how to vote from abroad, are provided on the EP elections website.
Parliament's make-up 1979-2019
An extensive EP Research Briefing (updated April 2019) provides key facts and figures about the European Parliament, both today and in the seven previous terms since direct elections were introduced in June 1979.
You will find graphics, charts and figures on
Individual graphics are available free to download in the Graphic Warehouse (under Graphics on Area of Freedom, Security and Justice).
Parliament's future composition
The number of MEPs after Brexit will be reduced to 705. If the UK is still an EU member state on 2 July, the current composition (751 MEPs) will continue to apply until the date of the UK’s withdrawal from the EU.