European Parliament
Texts Adopted by Parliament
Provisional Edition : 30/01/2003

Situation in Iraq


European Parliament resolution on the situation in Iraq

The European Parliament,

-       having regard to its previous resolutions on the situation in Iraq, and in particular its resolution of 16 May 2002 on the situation in Iraq eleven years after the Gulf War(1),

-       having regard to all the United Nations Security Council resolutions on Iraq, and in particular Resolution 1441 of 8 November 2002,

-       having regard to the report submitted by the Executive Chairman of the UN Monitoring, Verification and Inspection Commission (UNMOVIC) and the Director-General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) to the UN Security Council on 27 January 2003,

-       having regard to the solemn Franco-German declaration issued in Paris on 22 January 2003,

-       having regard to the conclusions of the EU Foreign Affairs Ministers on Iraq of 27 January 2003,

A.       whereas Security Council Resolution 1441 instructed UNMOVIC to impose a stricter disarmament inspection regime on Iraq and demanded that Baghdad provide UNMOVIC and the IAEA with a full and complete declaration of all aspects of its programmes to develop chemical, biological and nuclear weapons and ballistic missiles and all other information concerning its chemical, biological and nuclear weapons programmes,

B.       stressing the importance of the complete disarmament of Iraqi chemical, bacteriological, radiological and nuclear weapons of mass destruction under international control, if existing, and of dismantling the possible capacity of Iraq to produce such weapons, according to relevant UN Security Council resolutions,

C.       whereas the European Union and its Member States must pursue the same approach with the aim of securing rapid and effective international monitoring of the situation in Iraq,

D.       having regard to the Iraqi Government's self-isolation and lack of cooperation with the international community, the extreme militarisation of Iraqi society, the widespread and extremely grave violations of human rights and international humanitarian law and the total lack of political and democratic rights in Iraq,

1.  Reaffirms its commitment to peace, democracy and respect for human rights and international law and reiterates the need for full application of and compliance with United Nations Security Council resolutions in order to guarantee international peace and security;

2.  Fully supports the work of Mr Hans Blix, Executive Chairman of UNMOVIC, Mr El Baradei, Director-General of the IAEA, and their team of inspectors in charge of the UN enhanced inspection regime as stipulated in UNSCR 1441;

3.  Believes that breaches of UNSCR 1441 currently identified by the inspectors with regard to weapons of mass destruction do not justify military action and considers that any further steps must be taken by the Security Council after a full assessment of the situation;

4.  Calls on the Iraqi Government to comply with UN Security Council Resolution 1441 and continue to allow UNMOVIC inspections, unconditionally and with unimpeded access, and to cooperate fully and respond to the remarks made by the Executive Chairman of UNMOVIC in its report; calls, furthermore, for all available pertinent information, from all sources, to be forwarded without delay to UNMOVIC;

5.  Welcomes, in this regard, the conclusions of the General Affairs and External Relations Council held on 27 January 2003 and expects these conclusions to be implemented by the Member States in all the relevant bodies; urges the Council to attempt to reach a common position on Iraq within the framework of the CFSP so that the EU can speak with a single voice on the international stage on the current situation and future development of this conflict; calls on the applicant countries, by means of appropriate consultations, to fall into line with a European common position;

6.  Expresses its opposition to any unilateral military action and believes that a pre-emptive strike would not be in accordance with international law and the UN Charter and would lead to a deeper crisis involving other countries in the region; stresses that everything must be done to avoid military action;

7.  Calls for all political and diplomatic avenues to be explored in order to secure a peaceful settlement to the conflict and stresses the necessity of securing and preserving peace and international security;

8.  Urges the UN to verify the effects of the embargo, notably the adverse impact on the humanitarian situation of Iraqi civilians, particularly women and children, so that, if required, it would be possible to define the steps towards the lifting of the embargo;

9.  Calls on the Council to make every effort to stop war in the Middle East; urges the Council Presidency and the High Representative for the CFSP, in this connection, to make clear to the US Administration that a solution to the Middle East conflict is the EU's top priority and that a strong and convincing international initiative for the speedy implementation of the road map endorsed by the Quartet (EU, US, UN and Russia) can no longer be delayed;

10.  Stresses the European Union's commitment to the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Iraq, Kuwait and neighbouring countries;

11.  Urges the Council and the Member States to take the initiative in proposing that the International Criminal Court should investigate the responsibility of the Iraqi leader's regime for the genocide against the Marsh Arabs and other crimes of war and crimes against humanity;

12.  Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission, the High Representative for the CFSP, the UN Secretary-General and the Government of Iraq.

(1)      P5_TA(2002)0248.