General revision of Parliament's Rules of Procedure

A show of hands voting in the plenary of the European Parliament

Voting in plenary © European Union (2017) - European Parliament

A wide-ranging overhaul of the European Parliament's Rules of Procedure was adopted on 13 December 2016 and entered into force on 16 January 2017. The rules have been re-structured and brought up-to-date while obsolete provisions have been deleted. Notable changes include streamlining the various thresholds and the review of the legislative procedure chapter. To improve transparency, all committee decisions to enter into negotiations in view of first or early second reading agreements must be announced in plenary.
Plenary voting time

Plenary voting time - © European Union (2014) - European Parliament

The ordinary legislative procedure
The ordinary legislative procedure is the general rule for adopting legislation at European Union level. It puts the European Parliament and the Council of the European Union on equal footing and applies in 85 defined policy areas covering the majority of the EU's areas of competence.

The procedure starts with a legislative proposal from the Commission and consists of up to three readings. The two co-legislators adopt legislation jointly, having equal rights and obligations - neither of them can adopt legislation without the agreement of the other, and both co-legislators have to approve an identical text.

Different time limits apply to the three readings.

Interinstitutional negotiations
The co-legislators have the possibility to agree on a compromise text - and then to conclude the procedure - at any reading. These agreements are reached through interinstitutional negotiations which generally take the form of tripartite meetings ('trilogues') between Parliament, the Council and the Commission.

Conciliation is the third and final stage of the ordinary legislative procedure. The conciliation procedure is opened if the Council cannot accept all the amendments adopted by Parliament at second reading. It consists of negotiations between the two co-legislators in the framework of the Conciliation Committee, with the objective of reaching an agreement.

Availability of documents
The legislative files can be followed through the different stages of the procedure and the accompanying documents accessed.