Answer given by Mr Dalli on behalf of the Commission
1. No glyphosate resistant genetically modified crops are currently authorised for commercial cultivation in the European Union. As of 8 September 2011, field trials involving glyphosate resistant seeds are being performed in six Member States, respectively Spain (maize, sugar beet and cotton), Romania (Maize, sugar beet), Denmark (maize, sugar beet), Slovakia (maize), Germany (sugar beet), and the Czech Republic (Sugar beet)(1). Authorisations for these field trials are granted at Member State level as their own responsibility, according to part B of Directive 2001/18/EC(2).
2. Roundup is only one of several commercial names for the herbicides which contain glyphosate as the active substance. Following the information available by the Commission and recorded in the Commission data base on pesticides which can be accessed on Internet(3), such products are currently on the market in all 27 Member States of the European Union.
Source: List of Deliberate release into the environment of GMOs for any other purposes than placing on the market (experimental releases) — European Commission Joint Research Centre — Institute for health and consumer protection http://gmoinfo.jrc.ec.europa.eu/gmp_browse.aspx
Directive 2001/18/EC of the European Parliament and the Council of 12 March 2001 on the deliberate release into the environment of genetically modified organisms and repealing Council Directive 90/220/EC (OJ L 106, 17.4.2001).