Answer given by Mr Tajani on behalf of the Commission
The European accident database (CARE) analysis shows that 16 % (18 200) of all 1.1 million collisions in 2010 are rear-end collisions resulting in 6 % (2 000) of all 30 800 fatalities in the EU.
In its proposal for a regulation concerning type-approval requirements for the general safety of motor vehicles tabled in 2008(1), the Commission proposed the mandatory fitting of advanced emergency braking systems on all light and heavy commercial vehicles, both for passenger and goods transport. In addition, the Commission proposal provided that such systems, where voluntarily fitted in passenger cars, should comply with the same performance requirements as for systems installed in commercial vehicles. The impact assessment(2) accompanying the proposal indicated that this proposed measure could ultimately save around 5 000 fatalities and 50 000 serious injuries per year across the EU.
The European Parliament and the Council, when adopting the General Safety Regulation(3), supported the Commission proposal with regard to the mandatory fitting of advanced emergency braking systems in commercial vehicles, which will be implemented as from 1 November 2013 for new vehicle types and as from 1 November 2015 for all new vehicles.
In its policy orientations on road safety 2011-2020(4), the Commission identified promoting the use of modern technologies as one of the strategic objectives to achieve the target of halving the overall number of road deaths in the European Union by 2020. Under this strategic objective, the possibility of extending the implementation of Advanced Driver Assistance Systems such as Lane Departure Warning, Anti Collision Warning or Pedestrian Recognition systems by retrofitting them to existing commercial and/or private vehicles has been identified as a subject for further assessment. The Commission will cooperate with the Member States with a view to evaluating the feasibility of retrofitting commercial vehicles and private cars with such Advanced Driver Assistance Systems.
Regulation (EC) No 661/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 13 July 2009 concerning type-approval requirements for the general safety of motor vehicles, their trailers and systems, components and separate technical units intended therefor, OJ L 200, 31.7.2009.