Answer given by Mr Hahn on behalf of the Commission
1. The Commission is aware of TRAINOSE's suspension of international passenger services, as well as its favourable consideration of restarting them in 2014. Freight services have continued operating on these same lines. The Commission has no legal means to request particular rail services, but has asked the Greek Government to create an attractive legal and business environment for railway undertakings to take on such services.
2. According to the information received from the Greek authorities, EUR 5.2 billion has been invested up to December 2012, of which EUR 2.8 billion is EU co-financing.
An annex on the financing details and technical aspects will be sent to the Honourable Member and the Parliament's Secretariat.
3. The Commission understands that the aim of TRAINOSE in suspending certain routes was to rationalise its network and achieve, after decades of loss-making, profitability in a harsh economic climate. Profitability and social responsibility provide added value and improve the quality of service and the country’s transport possibilities.
Furthermore, EU financing of rail infrastructure does not impose conditions on the operation of particular train services by a given operator. The infrastructure manager and beneficiary of EU grants is OSE, which itself does not provide transport services.
4. In its negotiations with the relevant Greek authorities, the Commission actively promotes sustainable mobility objectives. Despite the difficult financial situation, the Greek rail sector has been compensated for the provision of loss-making passenger services since 2010, whereas it had received no such compensation in the previous three decades.