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Parliamentary questions
7 April 2014
Answer given by Mrs Reding on behalf of the Commission

The Commission informs the Honourable Member that claims concerning medical malpractice are subject to substantive national law. By way of consequence, EU does not cover compensation in such cases.

Nevertheless, from an EC law perspective if the constituent decides to bring legal actions for compensation of damages against the dentist, the rules of the Brussels I Regulation(1) apply to determine the court competent for the case and the rules of the Rome I(2) and the Rome II(3) Regulations to determine the applicable law.

The constituent of the Honourable Member may wish to consult the ‘European Judicial Atlas in Civil Matters’. This Atlas provides citizens with a user-friendly access to information relevant for judicial cooperation in civil matters. With the Atlas users can easily identify the competent courts or authorities to which they may apply for certain purposes.

It is available at: http://ec.europa.eu/justice_home/judicialatlascivil/html/index_en.htm

Furthermore, the Commission draws the attention of the constituent to the website of the ‘European Judicial Network in civil and commercial matters’. It contains a large quantity of information about various aspects of civil and commercial law such as jurisdiction of the courts, bringing a case to court, applicable law, service of documents, taking of evidence and mode of proof, enforcement of judgments or simplified and accelerated procedures.

It is available at: http://ec.europa.eu/civiljustice/index_en.htm

(1)Council Regulation (EC) No 44/2001 of 22 December 2000 on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters, OJ L 12, 16.1.2001, p. 1.
(2)Regulation (EC) No 593/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 June 2008 on the law applicable to contractual obligations (Rome I), OJ L 177, 4.7.2008, p. 6.
(3)Regulation (EC) No 864/2007 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 July 2007 on the law applicable to non-contractual obligations (Rome II), OJ L 199, 31.7.2007, p. 40.

OJ C 309, 11/09/2014
Last updated: 9 April 2014Legal notice