Answer given by Mr Hogan on behalf of the Commission
The name ‘Ελιά Καλαμάτας’ (‘Elia Kalamatas’) was registered as a protected designation of origin (PDO) on 21 June 1996 at the request of the Greek Government by Commission Regulation (EC) No 1107/96.(1)
According to Article 13(1) of Regulation (EU) No 1151/2012 of the European Parliament and of the Council on quality schemes for agricultural products and foodstuffs(2), such a registered name shall amongst other be protected against any direct or indirect commercial use in respect of products not covered by the registration, where those products are comparable to the products registered under that name. This includes cases where the registered name is translated. This protection applies throughout the EU.
Operators who do not respect the specification for this PDO, including the area of production, are not entitled to use the name of ‘Kalamata olives’ in the EU. Incidentally, the correct reference to the variety would appear to be ‘Kalamon olives’ which is not synonymous with the registered one. In consequence, it appears in line with EU legislation that operators who are using names such as ‘Kalamata olives’ for commercial purposes on olives produced outside the demarcated area of the PDO are faced with the consequences of not respecting EU rules, such as described by the Honourable Member.