Answer given by Mr Vella on behalf of the Commission
The conservation status of the Mediterranean fish stocks calls for a package of measures. Some, such as the multi-annual plans, will only be implemented in the medium-term due to the complexity of the adoption procedure, which may take around two years. Others will be adopted at international level, in the context of the General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean (GFCM) and the International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas (ICCAT); and some will require action at national level, such as the review of the national management plans in order to align them to the provisions of the revised Common Fisheries Policy (CFP).
According to the CFP legal framework, emergency measures may be adopted either by the Commission through implementing acts, or by Member States through national legislation. In the first case, the legal basis would be Article 12 of Regulation 1380/2013(1), whereas in the second it would be Article 13 of the same Regulation.
At Commission level, we are currently assessing which potential emergency measures could be the most suitable for the Mediterranean fish stocks. To this end, we are evaluating both the biological and the socioeconomic aspects. The potential emergency measures to be adopted by the Commission may affect both pelagic and demersal species, since both are being overexploited in the Mediterranean.
Regulation (EU) No 1380/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11.12.2013 on the common fisheries policy, amending Council Regulations (EC) No 1954/2003 and (EC) No 1224/2009 and repealing Council Regulations (EC) No 2371/2002 and (EC) No 639/2004 and Council Decision 2004/585/EC, OJ L 354, 28.12.2013, p. 22‐61.