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Parliamentary questions
9 February 2016
E-015299/2015
Answer given by Vice-President Mogherini on behalf of the Commission

Under the relevant EU framework regulating arms exports (EU Common Position 2008/944/CFSP), EU Member States have to assess arms export applications against the eight criteria laid down in the EU Common Position, which also address the risk of human rights and humanitarian law violations, the impact on regional stability and the behaviour of the importing country regarding respect for international law. The decision on export after such a risk assessment has been carried out, be it an authorisation or a denial of the export application, remains at the discretion of Member States. Also, where authorisations are granted, conditions can be attached to them, for instance regarding end-use and re-exportation. Regarding restrictive measures such as arms embargoes, the current legal framework in the EU requires a Council Decision to be adopted by unanimity.

The Islamic State of Iraq and Levant (ISIL) is designated as an affiliate of Al-Qaida in Iraq by the ISIL and Al Qaeda United Nations Security Council (UNSC) Sanctions Committee and is subject to sanctions under UN SC Resolution 1267 (1999) and all its subsequent resolutions. Sanctions imposed by the UNSC include a wide range of measures to stem terrorism financing and make it unlawful to make any funds or economic resources available to ISIL. UNSC Sanctions are binding for all UN Member States which must enforce them within their jurisdiction.

The EU calls on all States to fully implement UNSC Resolutions and comply with Financial Action Task Force (FATF) recommendations on terrorist financing. Saudi Arabia has the obligation to implement the UN Sanctions regime against Al-Qaida as well as to implement UN SC resolutions 2161, 2170, 2178, 2199, 2249 and 2253 and all other relevant counter-terrorism resolutions.

Last updated: 12 February 2016Legal notice