Answer given by Mr Moedas on behalf of the Commission
The ‘European Bus System of the Future’ (EBSF) project was co-financed by the EU under the Seventh Framework Programme for Research, Technological Development and Demonstration Activities (FP7, 2007-2013). EBSF was a four-year project that started in 2008 with a budget of EUR 26 million (EUR 16 million co-funded) and was coordinated by UITP, the International Association of Public Transport. It included testing in real operational scenarios in eight European cities.
— The EBSF project developed a set of concepts and solutions towards 2020. It is up to each stakeholder to implement the most relevant ones given its specific situation. Cities have already adopted many of the solutions developed. For instance, the city of London has already ordered buses pre-equipped according to the IT standard developed in EBSF and the City of Gothenburg has ordered Volvo electric buses with innovations developed in the project, regarding access and driving position.
— The Commission continues to support activities on buses, promoting the system's application throughout Europe, e.g. through demonstration activities within the EBSF2(1) and ZeEUS(2) projects. The Commission has also launched a coordination and support action, 3iBS(3), which aims to disseminate and capitalise on results from successful bus system projects at European and national level.
— Finally, the Commission also supports activities on public transport, including buses, outside Europe. For example, the Commission is supporting the exchange of best practices and the take-up of urban transport innovation between European cities and cities in Asia and Latin America.