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Parliamentary questions
15 June 2017
Answer given by Ms Bieńkowska on behalf of the Commission

The Euro Summit conclusions of 12 July 2015 confirmed that the Greek authorities had offered to abolish the provision that the ownership of a pharmacy should be limited to pharmacists only.

This measure follows a recommendation by the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and is intended to enhance competition and improve efficiency. However, the Greek authorities are still free to regulate pharmacy services in a way that takes into account public health considerations, as is the case in other Member States where the ownership of pharmacies is not restricted.

In 2016, the Greek legislator adopted the Joint Ministerial Decision No 36277 which carries out the commitment made in 2015 and which states that pharmacy licenses can be granted to non-pharmacists. According to the decision, pharmacies owned by non-pharmacists are required to take the legal form of a Limited Liability Company (LLC). However, such pharmacies owned by non-pharmacists have to be operated by qualified pharmacists who should participate in the shareholder structure of the abovementioned LLC as a partner with at least a 20% share in the capital.

The Commission does not have any evidence that the new law has led to massive unemployment under pharmacists nor that the measure has endangered public health.

Last updated: 26 June 2017Legal notice