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Parliamentary questions
30 January 2018
E-006713/2017
Answer given by Ms Bieńkowska on behalf of the Commission

1. The basis of the newly proposed Directive on a proportionality test(1) is Article 59 of the Professional Qualifications Directive 2005/36/EC as amended by Directive 2013/55/EU and results from the outcome of the mutual evaluation exercise. The content of the proposal directly relates to the experience acquired during that exercise, where thorough assessments were sometimes lacking or the scrutiny of regulation of professions was uneven across the Member States. The material scope of the proposal is the same as for Directive 2005/36/EC, namely all regulated professions.

2. The reform recommendations(2) are non-binding recommendations inviting the Member States to revisit the regulatory framework for the respective professions in the Member States. The Commission is currently exchanging information on the developments and on the follow-up to the recommendation with the Member States bilaterally as well as in the framework of the Group of Coordinators under Directive 2005/36/EC, consisting of Member State's representatives who are the relevant contacts for the application of the directive(3).

3. Whether to commence infringement proceedings lies, according to settled case law of the European Court of Justice, in the discretion of the Commission alone(4). The use of its discretionary power is further explained in the communication of the Commission ‘EC law: Better Results through Better Application’(5).

(1)Proposal for a directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on a proportionality test before adoption of new regulation of professions, COM(2016) 0822 final.
(2)COM(2016) 820 final.
(3)Commission Decision 2007/172/EC of 17.3.2007, OJ L 2007/79, page 39.
(4)i.e. Cases C-599/15P Commission v Romania, paragraph 65; C-562/07, Commission v Spain, paragraph 25; Cases C-531/06, Commission v Italy, paragraph 23; Case C‐33/04 Commission v Luxembourg, paragraphs 65 and 66; C‐394/02 Commission v Greece, paragraphs 14-16; C-20/01 and C-28/01, Commission v Germany, paragraphs 29-30, C‐474/99 Commission v Spain, paragraph 25; C‐333/99 Commission v France, paragraph 23; C-476/98 Commission v Germany, paragraph 38; C-431/92 Commission v Germany, paragraph 21; C-247/87 Commission v Germany, paragraph 12; 167/73 Commission v France, paragraph 15.
(5)OJ C 18/10, 19.1.2017.

Last updated: 5 February 2018Legal notice