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Parliamentary questions
12 June 2018
E-000127/2018
Answer given by Ms Bieńkowska on behalf of the Commission

Under the common security and defence policy (CSDP), the EU has developed an operational capacity drawing on civilian and military assets which may be used on missions outside the Union for peace-keeping, conflict prevention and strengthening international security in accordance with the principles of the United Nations Charter. Furthermore, the EU's CSDP envisages the progressive framing of a common Union defence policy. The Council recently adopted the decision establishing a permanent structured cooperation among Member States having the required military capabilities. The process of enhancing military capabilities of the Member States is supported by the European Defence Agency set up under Article 45 of the Treaty on European Union.

In June 2017(1) the Commission launched the European Defence Fund (EDF). Under its research window the EU offers funding for collaborative defence research through the Preparatory Action on Defence Research(2). Under its capability window the EU will complement national financing for collaborative defence development projects. To that aim the Commission is proposing a regulation establishing a European Defence Industrial Development Programme (EDIDP)(3) with a budget of EUR 500 million for 2019-2020.

For the 2021-2027 Multiannual Financial Framework, the Commission has proposed a total budget of EUR 13 billion for the EDF, which will thus support collaborative defence projects.

Within the limits of the Treaties, the Union budget can in principle finance research, development and innovation actions in all areas of economic activity. In the defence sector, this is being done for the first time under the EDF.

(1)http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/en/TXT/?uri=CELEX%3A52017DC0295
(2)Overall budget EUR 90 million for 2017-2019.
(3)http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX%3A52017PC0294

Last updated: 14 June 2018Legal notice