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Parliamentary questions
16 May 2018
E-001224/2018
Answer given by Mr Andriukaitis on behalf of the Commission

Article 12 of the Sustainable Use of Pesticides Directive (SUD)(1) requires Member States to minimise or prohibit the use of pesticides in specific areas, including playgrounds. National Action Plans (NAPs) adopted by Member States describe how they implement those requirements.

Under Regulation (EC) No 1107/2009(2), potential risks to human health, including residents and vulnerable groups, are evaluated for each active substance and for each plant protection product (PPP) use, at EU or Member State level, respectively. The relevant guidance document(3) covers residents and bystanders, adults and children.

The regulation foresees that the risk assessments consider possible cumulative and synergistic effects of active substances. The Commission, the European Food Safety Authority and Member States are working jointly on a methodology for assessing cumulative exposure to multiple active substances with similar effects. Some Member States consider already combined exposure for non-dietary assessments.

Authorisation of PPPs granted by Member States may include, where applicable, the obligation before the product is used to inform neighbours who could be exposed via spray drift and who have been requested to be informed(4).

In its report to the European Parliament and the Council on progress of the SUD implementation(5), the Commission expresses the expectation that Member States improve the NAPs by including measurable targets, including for the reduction or prohibition of pesticide use in specific areas and aims for the directive's adequate implementation by Member States through audits and follow-up activities.

Any violation of national provisions adopted pursuant to the SUD is subject to enforcement actions at national level.

(1)Directive 2009/128/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 October 2009 establishing a framework for Community action to achieve the sustainable use of pesticides, OJ L 309, 24.11.2009, p. 71
(2)Regulation (EC) No 1107/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 October 2009 concerning the placing of plant protection products on the market and repealing Council Directives 79/117/EEC and 91/414/EEC, OJ L 309, 24.11.2009, p. 1.
(3)EFSA (European Food Safety Authority), 2014. Guidance on the assessment of exposure of operators, workers, residents and bystanders in risk assessment for plant protection products. EFSA Journal 2014;12(10):3874, 55 pp., doi:10.2903/j.efsa.2014.3874
(4)Article 31 of Regulation (EC) No 1107/2009.
(5)https://ec.europa.eu/food/sites/food/files/plant/docs/pesticides_sup_report-overview_en.pdf

Last updated: 17 May 2018Legal notice