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Parliamentary questions
12 July 2018
E-002295/2018
Answer given by Vice-President Mogherini on behalf of the Commission

The EU Delegation in Colombia works closely with the Government, FARC(1), and the international community, to support implementation of the agreement, and in particular, on the areas where the EU has a special role: comprehensive rural reform, reincorporation of ex-combatants and the new Special Investigation Unit in the Prosecutors Office. On rural reform, the EU cooperates closely with the other actors nominated to support this point(2).

For decades, the EU has supported peacebuilding and sustainable development in rural areas of Colombia, and we are building on this work through the EU Trust Fund for Peace in Colombia (EUTF). Several EUTF projects are in conflict-affected areas, with a focus on rural reform and reincorporation.

Access to the Trust Fund is not conditional upon reducing the presence of illegal armed groups. We believe that development should take place in tandem with efforts to improve security in the territories, and we have raised our concerns about the impact of illegal armed groups with the authorities.

The EU works through different instruments, to promote the protection of human rights, the work of community and social leaders, the restitution of their land and the protection of their resources and the environment.

We are well aware of difficulties regarding land access both for farmers in conflict-affected areas, as well as for the reincorporation of ex-combatants. The issue has been raised regularly with both parties by EU Special Envoy, Eamon Gilmore.

The Ministry for Agriculture issued a recent decree(3) authorising the granting of land to ex-combatants of the FARC for their reincorporation process — land access is essential for viable productive projects. The National Land Agency has also identified plots of land fit for purchase and agricultural production.

(1)Fuerza Alternativa Revolucionaria del Común
(2)Food and Agriculture Organisation, Vía Campesina and UNDP
(3)On 4 May 2018.

Last updated: 13 July 2018Legal notice