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Parliamentary questions
13 June 2018
E-002433/2018
Answer given by Mr Navracsics on behalf of the Commission

The cross-border nature of trafficking requires an internationally coordinated approach and the EU cooperates with the international organisations active in this field, including the International Institute for the Unification of Private Law (Unidroit).

Directive 2014/60/EU on the return of cultural objects unlawfully removed from the territory of a Member State(1) sets out non-exhaustive criteria for uniform interpretation. These were inspired by those contained in the Unidroit Convention and they facilitate uniform application of the directive across the EU.

In addition, the importance of the Unidroit Convention has been recognised by the European Parliament and the Council. The Council recommended in its conclusions on preventing and combating crime against cultural goods of 2011(2) and the European Parliament in its resolution on the destruction of cultural sites perpetrated by ISIS/Da’esh of April 2015(3) that the Member States consider ratification of this convention.

The EU has also taken action to complement its legislative framework by presenting in 2017 a proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on the import of cultural goods(4). In addition, aware that it is partly the demand of the EU market that drives trafficking in cultural goods, the EU is working with the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (Unesco) on reinforcing the exercise of due diligence (initially introduced into the body of international law by the Unidroit Convention) in the European art trade.

(1)https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/ALL/?uri=celex%3A32014L0060
(2)http://register.consilium.europa.eu/doc/srv?l=EN&f=ST%2017541%202011%20INIT
(3)http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&reference=P8-TA-2015-0179&language=EN
(4)https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX%3A52017PC0375

Last updated: 14 June 2018Legal notice