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Parliamentary questions
10 August 2018
E-003371/2018
Answer given by Mr Arias Cañete on behalf of the European Commission

Shifting away from fossil fuels and being a global leader on renewable energy and energy efficiency are key priorities for the EU. Funding programmes such as the European Regional Development Fund, the Cohesion Fund, InvestEU, the strengthened LIFE programme, the Connecting Europe Facility and Horizon Europe contribute to the reduction of fossil fuel use and secure supplies. The proposed Multiannual Financial Framework 2021-2027 sets an ambitious target of 25% of EU expenditure on climate objectives including on the clean energy transition. The EU is also taking action to phase out fossil fuel subsidies in line with its international commitments. Subsidies to the coal sector are allowed only for the closure of coal mines by 31 December 2018(1).

The Clean Energy for All Europeans package(2) is particularly important in this regard. For example, Member States will have to remove barriers to the development of Energy Communities and actively promote renewable energy self-production and self-consumption. This will help citizens to develop and use alternative forms of energy. Furthermore, the recently agreed Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Directives provide for ambitious 2030 targets contributing to significant reduction of fossil fuels use. The agreed Regulation on the Governance of the Energy Union will ensure the close monitoring of Member States policies on the reduction of energy subsidies, particularly to fossil fuels, and the proposed Electricity Regulation prohibits subsidies in the context of capacity mechanisms to new fossil-fuel generation plants that emit more than 550g of CO2/kWh. Finally, the EU promotes the clean energy transition and increased energy efficiency in its dialogues and cooperation with third countries.

(1)Council Decision 2010/787/EU of 10 December 2010 on state aid to facilitate the closure of uncompetitive coal mines.
(2)COM(2016) 860.

Last updated: 10 August 2018Legal notice