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Parliamentary questions
20 June 2012
Answer given by Mr Kallas on behalf of the Commission

Taxi services encompass the transportation of passengers with passenger vehicles, i.e. vehicles equipped to transport no more than eight passengers. The service is normally rendered over short distances against payment of a fee.

There is no specific EU legislation covering taxi services. European road transport legislation only addresses bus and coach services, which, by definition, are carried out with vehicles for the transport of more than eight passengers. In the vast majority of cases taxi services are offered on a local or regional scale; they are in general not carried out across borders. These services are thus regulated by national or regional legislation or often even on the level of municipalities. Taxi are also excluded from the scope of Directive 2006/123/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 12 December 2006 on services in the internal market(1) as established in its Article 2(2)d) and Recital 21.

As established in Article 58 (1) TFEU, ‘the freedom to provide services in the field of transport shall be governed by the provisions of the Title related to transport’. As stated by the case law of the European Court of Justice the provisions of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union concerning the freedom to provide services are not applicable (judgment of 22.12.2010, Yellow Cab Verkehrsbetriebs GmbH, Case C‑338/09, p. 30).

In addition, the situation referred to by the Honourable Member does not concern a violation of the freedom of establishment.

The Commission, taking into account the principle of subsidiarity, does not intend, for the time being, to modify the scope of the current legal framework, which covers the international carriage of passengers by vehicles carrying more eight passengers.

(1)OJ L 376, 27.12.2006, p. 36.

OJ C 166 E, 12/06/2013
Last updated: 25 June 2012Legal notice