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Parliamentary questions
5 May 2014
Answer given by Mr Barnier on behalf of the Commission

The Commission cannot confirm the correctness of the information given in the Eurodrones Inc. report. The use of drones is only a small component of the projects listed in the report. A more realistic assessment of the funding allocated directly to drones related research in FP7, i.e. research aiming to develop technologies specifically related to drones, would be in the tens of millions of Euros. It should also be underlined that the budget for the Secure Societies Challenge amounts to EUR 1.7 billion and not EUR 3.8 billion as erroneously stated in the report.

All research in FP7 and Horizon 2020 has an exclusively civilian focus(1), there are no military research projects financed through the EU Framework Programme. This does not however preclude the development of dual use technologies. The Specific Programme of the FP7 Security Theme(2) and of the Horizon 2020 Secure Societies Programme both recognises the importance of dual use synergies in the context of security research(3). Similar statements have also been made by the Council(4).

The Commission does not maintain any ‘off-budget accounts’ for drone research. All the information on EU research projects is publicly available on the CORDIS website(5).

(1)See Article 19.2 — of the regulation establishing Horizon 2020 — http://ec.europa.eu/research/participants/portal/desktop/en/funding/reference_docs.html
(2)See: http://ec.europa.eu/research/participants/data/ref/fp7/91155/spcooperation_en.pdf ‘Research will be focused exclusively on civil security applications. Recognising that there are areas of dual use technology relevant to both civilian and military applications, a suitable framework will be established to coordinate with the activities of the European Defence Agency (EDA)’.
(3)See: http://ec.europa.eu/research/participants/data/ref/h2020/legal_basis/sp/h2020-sp_en.pdf ‘Whereas research and innovation activities will have an exclusive focus on civil applications, coordination with the activities of the European Defence Agency (EDA) will be actively pursued in order to strengthen cooperation with EDA, notably through the already established European Framework Cooperation (EFC), recognising that there are areas of dual-use technology.’.
(4)See: EUCO 217/13 ‘It invites the Commission and the European Defence Agency to work closely with Member States to develop proposals to stimulate further dual use research’.
(5)See: http://cordis.europa.eu/home_en.html

OJ C 326, 19/09/2014
Last updated: 5 May 2014Legal notice