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Parliamentary questions
9 August 2018
P-003885/2018
Answer given by Mr Andriukaitis on behalf of the European Commission

Peste des petits ruminants (PPR) is an exotic viral disease transmitted through contact of sheep and goats with the virus excreted by infected small ruminants.

Until this outbreak occurred in Bulgaria, PPR had never been reported anywhere in the EU. The control measures for PPR are laid down in Council Directive 92/119/EEC(1) and include the immediate culling of all susceptible animals on infected farms to contain the disease and to prevent it from becoming endemic by its spread into susceptible wildlife or feral populations of small ruminants. Any delay in culling of the susceptible animals on the affected farms will compromise and delay the eradication of the disease and the reinstatement of the previous disease free status. Where necessary, additional control measures such as emergency vaccination may be decided.

The EU has co-financing resources and mechanisms in place to ensure that the losses of the farmers due to the killing of infected or at-risk animals are compensated. The costs incurred by Bulgaria for the implementation of emergency measures against PPR, including the compensation to farmers for the value of their animals slaughtered or culled, are eligible for EU financial support at a rate of 75% of the incurred costs.

(1)Council Directive 92/119/EEC of 17 December 1992 introducing general Community measures for the control of certain animal diseases and specific measures relating to swine vesicular disease, OJ L 62, 15.3.1993, p. 69.

Last updated: 9 August 2018Legal notice