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Parliamentary questions
20 March 2013
Question for written answer
to the Commission
Rule 117
Marietje Schaake (ALDE) , Metin Kazak (ALDE)

 Subject:  Impact of a transatlantic trade and investment partnership on Turkey's Customs Union agreement with the EU
The EU and the US are to start(1) negations on a transatlantic trade and investment partnership (TTIP), which could have positive effects on jobs and growth(2). According to the Commission ‘this deal will set the standard — not only for our future bilateral trade and investment but also for the development of global rules’(3). Turkey, a candidate country with its market intricately linked to the EU, as well as a major trading partner of the US, would be directly affected by the TTIP, as has been previously addressed in the Kazak report(4). Given the importance of EU-Turkey economic and trade relations (worth EUR 120 billion in 2011(5)), which are governed by the Customs Union agreement(6), and of the EU’s and Turkey’s mutual commitments in the accession process, the following questions arise:
1. Have the consequences of the TTIP for Turkey, in terms of (more or fewer) technical and non-technical barriers to trade, been considered in the High Level Working Group? If so, can the Commission share and/or comment on these deliberations?
2. As of 1 January 2013 an important regulation on mutual recognition in the non-harmonised area, as adopted by Turkey, will enter into force. How will the TTIP and its regulatory and technical consequences impact the application of this regulation, if at all?
3. Can the Commission set out the main consequences of the TTIP for trade in goods and services with Turkey under the Customs Union agreement, in terms of rights and responsibilities? If not, why not?
4. Has the Commission, together with the Turkish authorities, performed an assessment of the impact of the TTIP on Turkey’s economy and its businesses (including SMEs)? If not, does the Commission consider this as a good idea?
5. Does the (draft) EU negotiating mandate include any references to the impact of the TTIP, and the EU’s responsibilities in that regard vis-à-vis Turkey’s obligations under the Customs Union?
6. Will Turkey be informed by the Commission — as far as possible given the required confidentiality of trade negotiations — on progress in negotiations on the TTIP and on its potential effects, and if so, how will it be informed?
7. Does the Commission agree that it is in the EU’s key strategic interest to preserve and deepen its economic and trade integration with Turkey, as a part of the new ‘positive agenda’ in the run-up to eventual Turkish EU Membership, provided that all the Copenhagen criteria are met, and given the fact that Turkey has NATO’s second-largest army?

(1) http://trade.ec.europa.eu/doclib/press/index.cfm?id=869
(2) http://trade.ec.europa.eu/doclib/docs/2013/february/tradoc_150519.pdf
(3) http://trade.ec.europa.eu/doclib/docs/2013/february/tradoc_150581.pdf
(4) http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?pubRef=-//EP//NONSGML+REPORT+A7-2010-0238+0+DOC+PDF+V0//EN
(5) http://ec.europa.eu/enlargement/pdf/key_documents/2012/package/tr_rapport_2012_en.pdf
(6) http://www.avrupa.info.tr/fileadmin/Content/Downloads/PDF/Custom_Union_des_ENG.pdf

 OJ C 11 E, 15/01/2014
Last updated: 5 April 2013Legal notice