On 15 March 2014, the President of the Generalitat of Catalonia said that he was not ruling out a ‘unilateral declaration of independence from Spain’. Subsequently, on 14 January 2015, he announced that elections for the Catalan regional parliament would be held on 27 September and said that these elections were to be seen as ‘a plebiscite on Catalonia’s independence’ (Generalitat memorandum No 15). On 30 April 2015, President Mas presented the ‘unitary road map for the Catalan sovereignty process’, which refers to the ‘plebiscite nature’ of the September elections and the ‘initial declaration of sovereignty’, which would be issued ‘with the mandate received after the elections […] as the announcement and start of the process leading to the proclamation of the new Catalan State or Republic’. It also points out that the ‘process of democratic transition would not be subject to the legal validity of or possible objections to this declaration’.
This announced unilateral declaration of independence does not comply with the Spanish Constitution, it seeks to damage Spain’s territorial integrity and it would not be recognised by the Spanish Government.
Would the Commission recognise this unilateral declaration of independence, or would it respect Spain’s territorial integrity and the Spanish State’s competence to manage its internal affairs and essential functions as a State?