Procedure : 2014/2699(RSP)
Document stages in plenary
Document selected : B7-0437/2014

Texts tabled :

B7-0437/2014

Debates :

Votes :

PV 17/04/2014 - 9.13
CRE 17/04/2014 - 9.13

Texts adopted :

P7_TA(2014)0457

MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION
PDF 125kWORD 58k
See also joint motion for a resolution RC-B7-0436/2014
15.4.2014
PE534.914v01-00
 
B7-0437/2014

to wind up the debate on the statement by the Vice-President of the Commission/High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy

pursuant to Rule 110(2) of the Rules of Procedure


on Russian pressure on Eastern Partnership countries and in particular the destabilisation of eastern Ukraine (2014/2699(RSP))


Guy Verhofstadt, Johannes Cornelis van Baalen, Annemie Neyts-Uyttebroeck, Graham Watson, Louis Michel, Sarah Ludford, Kristiina Ojuland, Leonidas Donskis, Gerben-Jan Gerbrandy, Hannu Takkula, Marietje Schaake, Jelko Kacin, Marielle de Sarnez, Robert Rochefort, Alexander Graf Lambsdorff, Adina-Ioana Vălean on behalf of the ALDE Group

European Parliament resolution on Russian pressure on Eastern Partnership countries and in particular the destabilisation of eastern Ukraine (2014/2699(RSP))  
B7‑0437/2014

The European Parliament,

–       having regard to its previous resolutions on the European Neighbourhood Policy, on the Eastern Partnership (EaP) and on Ukraine, with particular reference to those of 27 February 2014 on the situation in Ukraine(1) and of 13 March 2014 on the invasion of Ukraine by Russia(2),

–       having regard to the signing of the political parts of the Association Agreement between the EU and Ukraine on 21 March 2014,

–       having regard to the statement by the EU Heads of State or Government on Ukraine, following the extraordinary European Council meeting on Ukraine of 6 March 2014, and to the European Council conclusions on Ukraine of 20 March 2014,

–       having regard to the resolution of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe of 9 April 2014 on ‘recent developments in Ukraine: threats to the functioning of democratic institutions’,

–       having regard to Article 2(4) of the UN Charter,

–       having regard to Rule 110(2) of its Rules of Procedure,

A.     whereas Russia’s act of aggression by invading and annexing Crimea is a violation of the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Ukraine and is against international law and in breach of Russia’s obligations as a signatory to the Budapest Memorandum on Security Assurances for Ukraine, under which it undertook to respect the territorial integrity and sovereignty of Ukraine;

B.     whereas there are indications that Russia is actively encouraging and sponsoring the protests in the Luhansk, Donetsk and Kharkiv regions and is directly or indirectly behind the recent occupation of public buildings in these regions and cities;

C.     whereas Russia is still maintaining large numbers of combat-ready troops along the Ukrainian-Russian border, despite having promised a withdrawal in order to ease the tensions;

D.     whereas Russia is maintaining its line of not recognising the Ukrainian Government and acting President, complemented by Russian official statements and news coverage that remain hostile, unfounded and out of touch with realities on the ground;

E.     whereas Russian political leaders are maintaining a harsh and hostile rhetoric against other neighbouring countries, in particular against Moldova, following the request from the Transnistrian de facto authorities to formally join the Russian Federation;

F.     whereas strong international diplomatic action at all levels and a negotiated process are needed to de-escalate the situation, ease tensions, prevent the crisis from spiralling out of control and secure a peaceful outcome; whereas the EU must respond effectively so as to allow Ukraine and all other eastern neighbouring countries to fully exercise their sovereignty and territorial integrity free from undue and hostile Russian pressure;

G.     whereas the sanctions imposed by the European Union and the United States on a number of Russian officials have failed to deter Russia from further escalating the situation and must therefore be followed by further measures;

1.      Reiterates the firm condemnation of Russia’s invasion and annexation of Crimea, which are in clear breach of the UN Charter and the OSCE Helsinki Final Act, the Statute of the Council of Europe, the 1994 Budapest Memorandum on Security Assurances, the 1997 Bilateral Treaty on Friendship, Cooperation and Partnership and the 1997 Agreement on the Status and Conditions of the Black Sea Fleet stationed on the territory of Ukraine; considers that the acts undertaken by Russia are threatening the security and stability of the whole of the European continent;

2       Firmly rejects as utterly groundless the continuing Russian statements that the new Ukrainian Government is illegitimate and illegal and that Ukrainian citizens in the eastern regions are under threat from right-wing extremists;

3.      Encourages the Ukrainian Government and the Verkhovna Rada to initiate a constitutional reform process in order to guarantee the highest levels of protection of minorities, along with stipulations on the use of languages and other pressing issues, in accordance with the highest international and European standards;

4.      Calls on Russia to withdraw its military units deployed along the Ukrainian-Russian border and to end its involvement in and support for separatist groups in eastern Ukraine; notes the continued support from a large majority of citizens in this region for the maintenance of the unity of Ukraine; calls on the pro-Russian protesters to end the occupation of public buildings peacefully and to refrain from further action which could cause the situation to escalate;

5.      Notes that the demonstrations held in Moscow and other cities on 15 March and 13 April 2014 against the Russian occupation of Crimea point to the fact that a significant proportion of Russian citizens are opposed to hostile military action against Ukraine;

6.      Welcomes the decision taken by the Foreign Affairs Council on 14 April 2014 to deploy a CSDP police and law and order mission to Ukraine, and hopes that this mission can be deployed without delay; expresses its agreement with the measures taken and statements issued by NATO and the United States during this crisis and welcomes the decision taken on 10 April 2014 by the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe to suspend the voting rights of the Russian delegation and to exclude its members from leading Council of Europe bodies;

7.      Calls on the Council to extend the scope and width of the personalised, individual sanctions imposed on Russian officials, so as to target a further group of people close to the Russian leadership; considers that targeted sanctions should also be expanded to include state-owned industries inter alia military;

8.      Calls on the EU business community to consider in what way its business practices in Russia are in line with the unified EU approach to the Russian Government’s policies; calls on the Member States to refrain from any sales of arms or military material to Russia and to withhold any such deliveries until the present crisis is adequately resolved;

9.      Welcomes the planned meeting of the Ukrainian, US and Russian Foreign Ministers, together with the EU High Representative, as an opportunity to ease current tensions and commence the work to resolve the crisis by political and diplomatic means; stresses, in this connection, that the Russian annexation of Crimea remains illegal and must be addressed in accordance with international law and in full recognition of Ukraine’s sovereignty and territorial integrity;

10.    Stresses that the Russian concerns as regards the EU association process of Ukraine and the other Eastern neighbours must be adequately addressed and explained, so as to ease fears of new geopolitical dividing lines on the European continent; points out that each country has every right to make its own political choices but that the EU’s engagement with the Eastern partners aims to spread prosperity and increase political stability, from which the Russian Federation will also ultimately gain;

11.    Expresses its full support for Moldova’s territorial integrity and calls on Russia to fully engage in finding a solution to the Transnistrian problem and to refrain from any measure which would risk spreading the Ukrainian conflict to Moldova;

12.    Reiterates its commitment to the territorial integrity of Georgia; considers it necessary to increase the pace of progress towards the signing of the Association Agreement and the provisional implementation of the DCFTA;

13.    Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission, the governments of the Member States, the acting President, Government and Parliament of Ukraine, the Council of Europe and the President, Government and Parliament of the Russian Federation.

 

(1)

Texts adopted, P7_TA(2014)0170.

(2)

Texts adopted, P7_TA(2014)0248.

Last updated: 15 April 2014Legal notice