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Procedure : 2016/3027(RSP)
Document stages in plenary
Document selected : B8-1345/2016

Texts tabled :

B8-1345/2016

Debates :

OJ 15/12/2016 - 92

Votes :

Texts adopted :

P8_TA(2016)0506

MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION
PDF 270kWORD 52k
See also joint motion for a resolution RC-B8-1345/2016
13.12.2016
PE596.615v01-00
 
B8-1345/2016

with request for inclusion in the agenda for a debate on cases of breaches of human rights, democracy and the rule of law

pursuant to Rule 135 of the Rules of Procedure


on the situation of the Rohingya minority in Myanmar (2016/3027(RSP))


Amjad Bashir, Charles Tannock, Arne Gericke, Anna Elżbieta Fotyga, Ryszard Antoni Legutko, Karol Karski, Ryszard Czarnecki, Tomasz Piotr Poręba, Monica Macovei, Raffaele Fitto, Branislav Škripek, Angel Dzhambazki, Notis Marias, Ruža Tomašić

on behalf of the ECR Group

NB: This motion for a resolution is available in the original language only.

European Parliament resolution on the situation of the Rohingya minority in Myanmar (2016/3027(RSP))  
B8‑1345/2016

The European Parliament,

-having regard to its previous resolutions on Myanmar and on the situation of Rohingya Muslims, in particular of 7 July 2016,

 

-having regard to the Council Conclusions on the EU strategy with Myanmar/Burma of 20 June 2016,

 

-having regard to the joint communication by the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy to the European Parliament and the Council: ‘Elements for an EU strategy vis-à-vis Myanmar/Burma: A Special Partnership for Democracy, Peace and Prosperity’,

 

-having regard to the statement by HR/VP Federica Mogherini on the entry into office of the new Government of the Union of Myanmar,

 

-having regard to the Statement by the Spokesperson on the recent escalation of violence in Myanmar of 2 December 2016,

 

-having regard to the joint press release on the third EU-Myanmar Human Rights Dialogue of 25 November 2016,

 

-having regard to the Council Conclusions on Statelessness of 4 December 2015,

 

-having regard to the report of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights: ‘Situation of human rights of Rohingya Muslims and other minorities in Myanmar’, of 29 June 2016,

 

-having regard to the resolution adopted by the Human Rights Council on 24 March 2016 - 31/24, ‘Situation of human rights in Myanmar’,

 

-having regard to the report of the UN Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar of 18 March 2016,

 

-having regard to the 1951 UN Convention on the Status of Refugees and the 1967 Protocol thereto,

 

-having regard to the 1954 Convention Relating to the Status of Stateless Persons and the 1961 Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness

 

-having regard to the UNHCR Global 2014-24 Action Plan to End Statelessness,

-having regard to Articles 18 - 21 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) of 1948,

-having regard to Article 25 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) of 1966,

-having regard to Rule 135 of its Rules of Procedure,

 

 

***

 

A. Whereas the more than 1 million Rohingya Muslims have lived in Myanmar for generations, but are currently one of the world’s most persecuted minorities; whereas they are officially stateless since the 1982 Burmese Citizenship Law; whereas the Rohingya are unwanted by the authorities of Myanmar and by the neighbouring countries, although some of those host large refugee populations;

 

B. Whereas the authorities of Myanmar continue to deny the Rohingya their most basic rights, many thousands risk their lives every year in an attempt to flee by land or sea and many have perished on the way or ended up in situations of exploitation;

 

C. Whereas on 9 October 2016 gunmen attacked three police outposts near the Bangladesh border, leaving nine police officers dead and many weapons missing; whereas the government of Myanmar claimed the gunmen were Rohingya militamen and, following this, declared Maungdaw district an “operation zone” with curfews and other severe restrictions;

 

D. Whereas according to human rights organizations, local sources report serious human rights abuses by government forces in the so called operation zone; Whereas the government of Myanmar has reported the deaths of 69 alleged militants and 17 security force personnel;

 

E. Whereas human rights organizations, using satellite imagery, have reported large-scale destruction of homes in parts of northern Rakhine State currently inaccessible for NGOs and independent observers;

 

F. Whereas in recent weeks new waves of Rohingya have fled into neighbouring countries, in particular Bangladesh;

 

G. Whereas, since 2011, Myanmar has taken significant steps to reform its economy and political system; whereas in November 2015 a new national Parliament was elected and in March 2016 a democratically elected national Government was installed;

 

H. Whereas in response, the EU and other global players have lifted sanctions and allowed Myanmar to reintegrate in global political and economic structures; whereas the EU and its Member States have played a significant role in the reform and opening up process and have contributed with, among others, significant development aid, training and technical cooperation, supervision of the Nationwide Ceasefire Agreement and trade under the Everything But Arms (EBA) facility; whereas the EU and Myanmar hold annual human rights dialogues;

 

I. Whereas many problems persist however, including in the area of human rights and in particular regarding the situation of the Rohingya Muslim minority; whereas Sakharov and Nobel Peace Prize winner Aung San Suu Kyi, who is now part of the new Government of Myanmar, has remained largely silent on the issue of the Rohingyas;

 

J. Whereas UN officials have gone on record to state that Myanmar is attempting to ‘ethnically cleanse the Muslim Rohingya minority from its territory’;

 

 

***

 

1. Is extremely concerned about the reports of violent clashes in northern Rakhine State; confirms that the Myanmar authorities have the duty to investigate the 9 October attacks, but urges them to do so taking into account human rights standards and obligations;

 

2. Asks the government of Myanmar to allow the United Nations to assist in investigating recent events in Rakhine State’s Maungdaw district, including the 9 October attacks and the following government actions;

 

3. Requests furthermore the government of Myanmar to immediately allow humanitarian aid to reach conflict areas and displaced people;

 

4. Demands that the Government and the civil authorities of Myanmar now end the terrible discrimination and segregation of the Rohingya minority;

 

5. Calls therefore on the Government of Myanmar to reform the 1982 Citizenship Law and to restore citizenship of the Rohingya minority; urges the Government of Myanmar and the Rakhine State authorities to immediately start registering all children at birth;

 

6. Calls on the Government of Myanmar to lift all unnecessary, discriminatory and disproportional restrictions in Rakhine State;

 

7. Calls on the Government of Myanmar to combat trafficking of persons and transnational organized crime;

 

8. Recommends that the governments of the countries that cope with the influx of Rohingya refugees cooperate closely with UNHCR which has the technical expertise to screen for refugee status and the mandate to protect refugees and stateless people; urges those countries to not push the Rohingya refugees back, at least until a satisfactory and dignified solution for their situation has been found;

 

9. Calls on the Government of Myanmar to continue to improve its cooperation with the UN, including Special Procedures Mandate holders;

 

10. Calls on Sakharov Prize laureate Aung San Suu Kyi to use her key positions in the Government of Myanmar to improve the situation of the Rohingya minority;

 

11. Calls on the EEAS to continue the regular bilateral human rights dialogue and to discuss the situation regarding problematic legislation and discrimination of minorities, in particular the Rohingyas, in detail and to report back to the European Parliament regarding the outcome of these discussions;

 

12. Calls on the EU to support the UNHRC in its efforts to help Rohingya refugees in the South and Southeast Asia region;

 

13. Calls on the EU and its Member States to continue their support of the new democratic structures of Myanmar and to focus in particular on technical cooperation to help improve the various state functions;

 

14. Calls on the EU and its Member States to support the UNHCR Global 2014-24 Action Plan to End Statelessness;

 

15. Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Government and Parliament of Myanmar, the HR/VP, the Commission, the governments and parliaments of the EU Member States, the Secretary General of ASEAN, the ASEAN Intergovernmental Commission on Human Rights, the UN Special Representative for Human Rights in Myanmar, the UN High Commissioner for Refugees and the UN Human Rights Council.

 

 

 

Last updated: 13 December 2016Legal notice