Procedure : 2006/0048(NLE)
Document stages in plenary
Document selected : A8-0303/2017

Texts tabled :

A8-0303/2017

Debates :

Votes :

PV 24/10/2017 - 4.1
CRE 24/10/2017 - 4.1

Texts adopted :

P8_TA(2017)0386

RECOMMENDATION     ***
PDF 469kWORD 58k
16 October 2017
PE 610.572v02-00 A8-0303/2017

on the draft Council Decision on the conclusion, on behalf of the Union, of the Euro-Mediterranean Aviation Agreement between the European Community and its Member States, of the one part, and the Kingdom of Morocco, of the other part

(15653/2016 – C8-0094/2017 – 2006/0048(NLE))

Committee on Transport and Tourism

Rapporteur: Dominique Riquet

DRAFT EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT LEGISLATIVE RESOLUTION
 EXPLANATORY STATEMENT
 PROCEDURE – COMMITTEE RESPONSIBLE
 FINAL VOTE BY ROLL CALL IN COMMITTEE RESPONSIBLE

DRAFT EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT LEGISLATIVE RESOLUTION

on the draft Council Decision on the conclusion, on behalf of the Union, of the Euro-Mediterranean Aviation Agreement between the European Community and its Member States, of the one part, and the Kingdom of Morocco, of the other part

(15653/2016 – C8-0094/2017 – 2006/0048(NLE))

(Consent)

The European Parliament,

–  having regard to the draft Council Decision (15653/2016),

–  having regard to the Euro-Mediterranean Aviation Agreement between the European Community and its Member States, on the one hand, and the Kingdom of Morocco, on the other hand(1)

–  having regard to the request for consent submitted by the Council in accordance with Article 100(2) and Article 218(6), second subparagraph, point (a) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (C8-0094/2017),

–  having regard to Rule 99(1) and (4) and Rule 108(7) of its internal Rules of Procedure,

–  having regard to the recommendation of the Committee on Transport and Tourism (A8-0303/2017),

1.  Gives its consent to conclusion of the agreement;  

2.  Instructs its President to forward its position to the Council and Commission, and the governments and parliaments of the Member States and of the Kingdom of Morocco.

(1)

  OJ L 386, 29.12.2006, p. 57.


EXPLANATORY STATEMENT

Background to the agreement

In March 2005, the Commission presented a communication on aviation relations(1), and conclusions were adopted at the Council of Transport Ministers on 27 June 2005. These texts establish an action plan for the development of Community aviation relations and define the three pillars on which European policy is founded:

1) To guarantee the legal certainty of bilateral agreements, in particular by including new designation clauses(2).

2) To develop a wider European Common Aviation Area, which means that neighbouring countries should incorporate European rules into their own legal systems, starting with safety rules. The agreement with Morocco is the first to have been signed with a country outside the European continent.

3) To establish a range of new comprehensive aviation agreements, with inseparable twin aims: on the one hand, to open markets in order to create new economic opportunities and, on the other hand, to establish a process of regulatory convergence that ensures a satisfactory level playing field with sufficiently fair and equitable competition conditions.

This aviation agreement, which is submitted for your approval, should be seen against the background of the special partnership which has emerged from the Barcelona process between the EU and the countries around its Mediterranean border.

Content of the agreement

The aim of the agreement(3) is both to open markets and to move towards the alignment of aviation legislation on both sides, in particular around key aspects of European rules on aviation, including those concerning safety, economic regulation and, in particular, competition, air traffic control and consumer protection. It also contains provisions concerning bilateral investment on both sides of the Mediterranean.

It shall comprise two phases:

Phase 1 (underway): Regulatory convergence begins in phase 1. The main competition rules and the ban on state aid also apply from phase 1. With regard to market access, phase 1 includes the following:

For Moroccan carriers:

• unlimited 3rd and 4th freedoms (the freedom to pick up and deliver, cargo and post) between Morocco and the EU;

• the right to operate from any point in Morocco to any point in Europe;

For European carriers:

• unlimited 3rd and 4th freedoms (the freedom to pick up and deliver, cargo and post) between the EU and Morocco;

• the right to operate from any point in Europe to any point in Morocco;

The administrative burden shall be kept to a minimum.

Phase 2 (not yet in force): The satisfactory application of the relevant European legislation by Morocco, which will be evaluated by the Commission, is a prerequisite for entering into phase 2. The relevant European legislation in question covers the best part of some 28 regulations and directives (such as those concerning social legislation, air traffic control, denied boarding, environmental and noise restrictions, etc.).

With regard to market access, phase 2 includes the following:

For Moroccan carriers:

• 5th freedom consecutive traffic rights in Europe (the freedom to pick up or deliver passengers, cargo and post travelling to or from other Member States).

For European carriers:

• 5th freedom passenger traffic rights beyond Morocco to countries covered by the neighbourhood policy;

• 5th freedom cargo traffic rights beyond Morocco without restriction.

The Joint Committee: an EU-Morocco Joint Committee will be set up from phase 1 in order to discuss the application of the agreement and to decide whether to incorporate any new laws into the agreement. The purpose of the Joint Committee will be to develop the agreement and to discuss its social implications and any economic issues relating to the ownership and control of airlines.

Achievements

The agreement has been provisionally in force since it was signed on 12 December 2006 (Council Decision 2006/959/EC, published in the Official Journal on 29 December 2006(4)). It has created new development opportunities for Moroccan and EU companies by doing away with capacity, nationality, frequency or route restrictions.

Since 2006, the opening up of the markets has brought some huge benefits: passenger traffic between the EU and Morocco has more than doubled, reaching 12 million passengers per year and an increase of 109% since 2005; the services and destinations on offer have also significantly increased. Coupled with the 60% or so reduction in average ticket prices, all this has brought significant advantages for consumers.

Procedure

Negotiations on the Euro-Mediterranean Aviation Agreement with Morocco began in May 2005 on the basis of a Council mandate granted in December 2004, and the agreement was signed on 12 December 2006 on the condition that it would be concluded at a later date(5).

Parliament gave its consent for the conclusion of the agreement on 12 December 2007(6).

The ratification process was completed by all the Member States, with the exception of Bulgaria, Romania and Croatia(7), in 2014.

On 19 February 2014(8), the Commission presented an amended proposal for a Council decision on the conclusion of the agreement, in order to take account of the entry into force of the Treaty of Lisbon and the fact that Bulgaria, Croatia and Romania had become EU Member States in the meantime.

Following revision by the Council’s lawyer-linguists, the draft decision submitted today for approval by Parliament includes the legal modifications required by the ECJ case law established in its Judgment of 28 April 2015(9).

In order to conclude the EU-Morocco Agreement, the Council needs the consent of the European Parliament as required by Article 218 TFEU.

In accordance with Rules 99 and 108(7) of Parliament’s rules of procedure, the committee responsible shall submit a recommendation for the approval or rejection of the proposed act. Parliament shall then take a decision by means of a single vote, and no amendments to the agreement may be tabled. Amendments in committee shall be admissible only if their aim is to reverse the recommendation proposed by the rapporteur.

(1)

‘Developing the agenda for the Community’s external aviation policy’, COM(2005) 0079

(2)

The Community designation clause allows all Community carriers resident in the territory of the Member State in question to operate under this agreement.

(3)

Agreement published on 29 December 2006 in the Official Journal of the European Union, OJ L 386, p. 57.

(4)

OJ L 386, 29 December 2006, p. 57.

(5)

Decision No 2006/959/EC, OJ L 386 of 29 December 2006, p. 57.

(6)

T6-0600/2007 and TRAN Committee report A6-0416/2007.

(7)

These countries became parties to the agreement through membership of the EU.

(8)

COM(2014)104 final, 19 February 2014.

(9)

Case C-28/12, Commission v Council, Judgment of the Court (Grand Chamber) of 28 April 2015, OJ C 213/3 of 29 June 2015


PROCEDURE – COMMITTEE RESPONSIBLE

Title

Euro-Mediterranean Aviation Agreement between the European Community and Morocco

References

15653/2016 – C8-0094/2017 – COM(2006)0145 – C6-0333/2007 – 2006/0048(NLE)

Date of consultation / request for consent

5.10.2007

 

 

 

Committee responsible

       Date announced in plenary

TRAN

1.3.2017

 

 

 

Rapporteurs

       Date appointed

Dominique Riquet

11.4.2017

 

 

 

Date adopted

12.10.2017

 

 

 

Result of final vote

+:

–:

0:

44

0

0

Members present for the final vote

Daniela Aiuto, Lucy Anderson, Marie-Christine Arnautu, Inés Ayala Sender, Georges Bach, Deirdre Clune, Luis de Grandes Pascual, Andor Deli, Isabella De Monte, Ismail Ertug, Jacqueline Foster, Dieter-Lebrecht Koch, Merja Kyllönen, Bogusław Liberadzki, Peter Lundgren, Cláudia Monteiro de Aguiar, Renaud Muselier, Jens Nilsson, Markus Pieper, Tomasz Piotr Poręba, Gabriele Preuß, Christine Revault d’Allonnes Bonnefoy, Dominique Riquet, Massimiliano Salini, David-Maria Sassoli, Claudia Țapardel, Pavel Telička, István Ujhelyi, Wim van de Camp, Janusz Zemke, Roberts Zīle, Kosma Złotowski, Elżbieta Katarzyna Łukacijewska

Substitutes present for the final vote

Jakop Dalunde, Bas Eickhout, André Elissen, Michael Gahler, Kateřina Konečná, Jozo Radoš, Olga Sehnalová, Evžen Tošenovský, Matthijs van Miltenburg, Henna Virkkunen

Substitutes under Rule 200(2) present for the final vote

Jaromír Kohlíček

Date tabled

16.10.2017


FINAL VOTE BY ROLL CALL IN COMMITTEE RESPONSIBLE

44

+

ALDE

Jozo Radoš, Dominique Riquet, Pavel Telička, Matthijs van Miltenburg

ECR

Jacqueline Foster, Tomasz Piotr Poręba, Evžen Tošenovský, Roberts Zīle, Kosma Złotowski

EFDD

Daniela Aiuto, Peter Lundgren

ENF

Marie-Christine Arnautu, André Elissen

GUE/NGL

Jaromír Kohlíček, Kateřina Konečná, Merja Kyllönen

PPE

Georges Bach, Deirdre Clune, Andor Deli, Michael Gahler, Dieter-Lebrecht Koch, Elżbieta Katarzyna Łukacijewska, Cláudia Monteiro de Aguiar, Renaud Muselier, Markus Pieper, Massimiliano Salini, Henna Virkkunen, Luis de Grandes Pascual, Wim van de Camp

S&D

Lucy Anderson, Inés Ayala Sender, Isabella De Monte, Ismail Ertug, Bogusław Liberadzki, Jens Nilsson, Gabriele Preuß, Christine Revault d'Allonnes Bonnefoy, David-Maria Sassoli, Olga Sehnalová, Claudia Țapardel, István Ujhelyi, Janusz Zemke

Verts/ALE

Jakop Dalunde, Bas Eickhout

0

-

/

/

0

0

/

/

Key to symbols:

+  :  in favour

-  :  against

0  :  abstention

Last updated: 23 October 2017Legal notice