Index 
Texts adopted
Wednesday, 5 April 2017 - StrasbourgFinal edition
Non-objection to a delegated act: Key information documents for packaged retail and insurance-based investment products
 Negotiations with the United Kingdom following its notification that it intends to withdraw from the European Union
 Certain aspects of company law ***I
  Resolution
  Consolidated text
 Ratification and accession to the 2010 Protocol to the Hazardous and Noxious Substances Convention with the exception of aspects related to judicial cooperation in civil matters ***
 Ratification and accession to the 2010 Protocol to the Hazardous and Noxious Substances Convention with regard to aspects related to judicial cooperation in civil matters ***
 Application of the provisions of the Schengen acquis relating to the Schengen Information System in Croatia *
 Medical devices ***II
 In vitro diagnostic medical devices ***II
  Resolution
  Annex
 Money market funds ***I
  Resolution
  Consolidated text
 Prospectus to be published when securities are offered to the public or admitted to trading ***I
  Resolution
  Consolidated text
 Multiannual financial framework for 2014-2020 ***
  Resolution
  Annex
 Multiannual financial framework for 2014-2020 (Resolution)
  Resolution
  Annex
 Mobilisation of the Contingency Margin
  Resolution
  Annex
 Estimates of revenue and expenditure for the financial year 2018 – Section I – European Parliament
 Draft amending budget No 1/2017 accompanying the proposal to mobilise the EU Solidarity Fund to provide assistance to the United Kingdom, Cyprus and Portugal
 Mobilisation of the European Globalisation Adjustment Fund: EGF/2017/000 TA 2017 - Technical assistance at the initiative of the Commission
  Resolution
  Annex
 Mobilisation of the EU Solidarity Fund to provide assistance to the United Kingdom, Cyprus and Portugal
  Resolution
  Annex
 Automated data exchange with regard to dactyloscopic data in Latvia *
 Automated data exchange with regard to DNA data in Slovakia, Portugal, Latvia, Lithuania, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Cyprus, Poland, Sweden, Malta and Belgium *
 Automated data exchange with regard to dactyloscopic data in Slovakia, Bulgaria, France, Czech Republic, Lithuania, the Netherlands, Hungary, Cyprus, Estonia, Malta, Romania and Finland *
 Automatic exchange of data concerning vehicles registered in Finland, Slovenia, Romania, Poland, Sweden, Lithuania, Bulgaria, Slovakia and Hungary *
 Automated data exchange with regard to vehicle registration data in Malta, Cyprus and Estonia *
 Genetically modified maize Bt11 × 59122 × MIR604 × 1507 × GA21
 Addressing refugee and migrant movements: the role of EU external action

Non-objection to a delegated act: Key information documents for packaged retail and insurance-based investment products
PDF 255k   DOC 50k
European Parliament decision to raise no objections to the Commission delegated regulation of 8 March 2017 supplementing Regulation (EU) No 1286/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council on key information documents for packaged retail and insurance-based investment products (PRIIPs) by laying down regulatory technical standards with regard to the presentation, content, review and revision of key information documents and the conditions for fulfilling the requirement to provide such documents (C(2017)01473 – 2017/2602(DEA))
P8_TA(2017)0101 B8-0234/2017

The European Parliament,

–   having regard to the Commission delegated regulation (C(2017)01473) (‘the revised delegated regulation’),

–   having regard to its resolution of 14 September 2016 on the Commission Delegated Regulation of 30 June 2016 supplementing Regulation (EU) No 1286/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council on key information documents for packaged retail and insurance-based investment products (PRIIPs) by laying down regulatory technical standards with regard to the presentation, content, review and revision of key information documents and the conditions for fulfilling the requirement to provide such documents (C(2016)03999 – 2016/2816(DEA))(1) ,

–   having regard to the Commission’s letter of 22 March 2017 asking Parliament to declare that it will raise no objections to the revised delegated regulation,

–   having regard to the letter of 28 March 2017 from the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs to the Chair of the Conference of Committee Chairs,

–   having regard to Article 290 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,

–   having regard to Regulation (EU) No 1286/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26 November 2014 on key information documents for packaged retail and insurance-based investment products (PRIIPs)(2) , and in particular Article 8(5), Article 10(2), Article 13(5) and Article 31 thereof,

–   having regard to Regulation (EU) 2016/2340 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 14 December 2016 amending Regulation (EU) No 1286/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council on key information documents for packaged retail and insurance-based investment products as regards the date of its application(3) ,

–   having regard to Article 13 and Article 10(1) of Regulation (EU) No 1093/2010 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 November 2010 establishing a European Supervisory Authority (European Banking Authority, EBA), amending Decision No 716/2009/EC and repealing Commission Decision 2009/78/EC(4) , of Regulation (EU) No 1094/2010 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 November 2010 establishing a European Supervisory Authority (European Insurance and Occupational Pensions Authority, EIOPA), amending Decision No 716/2009/EC and repealing Commission Decision 2009/79/EC(5) , and of Regulation (EU) No 1095/2010 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 November 2010 establishing a European Supervisory Authority (European Securities and Markets Authority, ESMA), amending Decision No 716/2009/EC and repealing Commission Decision 2009/77/EC(6) ,

–   having regard to the letter by the Chairs of the European Supervisory Authorities (ESAs) dated 22 December 2016, following the Commission’s request by letter of 10 November 2016 on its intention to amend the draft Regulatory Technical Standards (RTS) jointly submitted by EBA, ESMA and EIOPA under Articles 8(5), 10(2) and 13(5) of Regulation (EU) No 1286/2014,

–   having regard to the recommendation for a decision by the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs,

–   having regard to Rule 105(6) of its Rules of Procedure,

–   having regard to the fact that no objections have been raised within the period laid down in the third and fourth indents of Rule 105(6) of its Rules of Procedure, which expired on 4 April 2017,

A.   whereas in its resolution of 14 September 2016, Parliament objected to the Commission delegated regulation of 30 June 2016 supplementing Regulation (EU) No 1286/2014 and called on the Commission to submit a revised delegated regulation which addressed its concerns expressed on the unclear treatment of multi-option PRIIPS, on the insufficient representation of the fact that retail investors may also lose money in adverse scenarios concerning certain products, and on the lack of detailed guidance as regards the use of the ‘comprehension alert’;

B.   whereas in its resolution of 14 September 2016, Parliament recalled that the Chair of the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs and Parliament’s negotiating team had sent a letter to the Commission on 30 June 2016, asking the Commission to assess whether the implementation of Regulation (EU) No 1286/2014 should be delayed;

C.   whereas the provisions of the revised delegated regulation are consistent with the objectives of Parliament expressed in its resolution of 14 September 2016 and during the subsequent informal dialogue as part of the preparatory work for the adoption of the revised delegated regulation;

D.   whereas the revised delegated regulation clarifies that manufacturers of multi-option PRIIPs which include underlying investment options that are Undertakings for Collective Investments in Transferable Securities (UCITS) or non-UCITS funds referred to in Article 32 of Regulation (EU) No 1286/2014 would not need to provide all information requested under PRIIPs and will be authorised to use UCITS key investor information documents instead as an appropriate means of providing retail investors with more detailed pre-contractual information;

E.   whereas, while the underlying calculations for the three performance scenarios previously included are still based on historical data, an additional fourth performance scenario has been included in the revised delegated regulation; whereas this ‘stress scenario’ is intended to set out significant unfavourable impacts of the products that are not covered in the existing ‘unfavourable scenario’;

F.   whereas the use of the comprehension alert was clarified by including in its scope of application those PRIIPs that are considered ‘complex products’ under Directive 2014/65/EU on markets in financial instruments and Directive (EU) 2016/97 on insurance distribution;

G.   whereas the proposed ‘What is this product’ section of the key information document was altered and the section on ‘What are the risks and what could I get in return’ includes a presentation of administrative costs in relation to the biometric components of insurance-based investment products;

H.   whereas Regulation (EU) 2016/2340 deferred the date of application of Regulation (EU) No 1286/2014 by 12 months to 1 January 2018;

1.   Declares that it has no objections to the revised delegated regulation;

2.   Instructs its President to forward this decision to the Council and the Commission.

(1) Texts adopted, P8_TA(2016)0347 .
(2) OJ L 352, 9.12.2014, p. 1.
(3) OJ L 354, 23.12.2016, p. 35.
(4) OJ L 331, 15.12.2010, p. 12.
(5) OJ L 331, 15.12.2010, p. 48.
(6) OJ L 331, 15.12.2010, p. 84.


Negotiations with the United Kingdom following its notification that it intends to withdraw from the European Union
PDF 183k   DOC 49k
European Parliament resolution of 5 April 2017 on negotiations with the United Kingdom following its notification that it intends to withdraw from the European Union (2017/2593(RSP) )
P8_TA(2017)0102 B8-0237 , and 0241/2017

The European Parliament,

–   having regard to Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union,

–   having regard to Articles 3(5), 4(3) and 8 of the Treaty on European Union,

–   having regard to Articles 217 and 218 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,

–   having regard to the notification given by the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom to the European Council on 29 March 2017 in accordance with Article 50(2) of the Treaty on European Union,

–   having regard to its resolution of 28 June 2016 on the decision to leave the EU resulting from the UK referendum(1) ,

–   having regard to its resolutions of 16 February 2017 on possible evolutions of and adjustments to the current institutional set-up of the European Union(2) , on improving the functioning of the European Union building on the potential of the Lisbon Treaty(3) , and on budgetary capacity for the euro area(4) ,

–   having regard to Rule 123(2) and (4) of its Rules of Procedure,

A.   whereas the notification by the United Kingdom Government to the European Council begins the process by which the United Kingdom will cease to be a Member State of the European Union and the Treaties will no longer apply to it;

B.   whereas this will be an unprecedented and regrettable event as a Member State has never withdrawn from the European Union before; whereas that withdrawal must be arranged in an orderly fashion so as not to negatively affect the European Union, its citizens and the process of European integration;

C.   whereas the European Parliament represents all citizens of the European Union and will act throughout the whole process leading to the withdrawal of the United Kingdom to protect their interests;

D.   whereas although it is the sovereign right of a Member State to withdraw from the European Union, it is the duty of all remaining Member States to act in unity in the defence of the European Union’s interests and its integrity; whereas, therefore, the negotiations will be conducted between the United Kingdom, on the one hand, and the Commission on behalf of the European Union and its remaining 27 Member States (EU-27), on the other;

E.   whereas negotiations on the United Kingdom’s withdrawal from the European Union will begin following adoption by the European Council of guidelines for those negotiations; whereas this resolution represents the European Parliament’s position for those guidelines and will also form the basis of Parliament’s assessment of the negotiation process and of any agreement reached between the European Union and the United Kingdom;

F.   whereas until it leaves the European Union the United Kingdom must enjoy all the rights and fulfil all the obligations deriving from the Treaties, including the principle of sincere cooperation laid down in Article 4(3) of the Treaty on European Union;

G.   whereas the United Kingdom has stated in its notification of 29 March 2017 its intention to fall outside the jurisdiction of the Court of Justice of the European Union;

H.   whereas the United Kingdom Government has indicated in the same notification that its future relationship with the European Union will not include membership of the internal market or membership of the customs union;

I.   whereas, nevertheless, continued membership of the United Kingdom of the internal market, the European Economic Area and/or the customs union would have been the optimal solution for both the United Kingdom and the EU-27; whereas this is not possible as long as the United Kingdom Government maintains its objections to the four freedoms and to the jurisdiction of the Court of Justice of the European Union, refuses to make a general contribution to the Union budget, and wants to conduct its own trade policy;

J.   whereas, following the result of the referendum on leaving the European Union, the decision ‘concerning a new settlement for the United Kingdom within the European Union’ annexed to the European Council conclusions of 18 and 19 February 2016 is in any case null and void in all its provisions;

K.   whereas the negotiations must be conducted with the aims of providing legal stability and minimising disruption, and providing a clear vision of the future for citizens and legal entities;

L.   whereas a revocation of notification needs to be subject to conditions set by all EU-27, so that it cannot be used as a procedural device or abused in an attempt to improve on the current terms of the United Kingdom’s membership;

M.   whereas without a withdrawal agreement the United Kingdom would automatically exit the European Union on 30 March 2019, and would do so in a disorderly manner;

N.   whereas a large number of United Kingdom citizens, including a majority in Northern Ireland and Scotland, voted to remain in the European Union;

O.   whereas the European Parliament is especially concerned at the consequences of the United Kingdom’s withdrawal from the European Union for Northern Ireland and its future relations with Ireland; whereas in that respect it is crucial to safeguard peace and therefore to preserve the Good Friday Agreement in all its parts, recalling that it was brokered with the active participation of the Union, as the European Parliament emphasised in its resolution of 13 November 2014 on the Northern Ireland peace process(5) ;

P.   whereas the withdrawal of the United Kingdom should compel the EU-27 and the Union institutions to better address the current challenges and to reflect on their future and on their efforts to make the European project more effective, more democratic, and closer to the citizens; recalls the Bratislava roadmap, the resolutions of the European Parliament on the matter, the European Commission’s White Paper of 1 March 2017 on the Future of Europe, the Rome Declaration of 25 March 2017, and the proposals of the High-Level Group on Own Resources of 17 January 2017, which may serve as a basis for this reflection;

1.   Acknowledges the notification by the United Kingdom Government to the European Council which formalises the United Kingdom’s decision to withdraw from the European Union;

2.   Calls for the negotiations between the European Union and the United Kingdom, as provided for in Article 50(2) of the Treaty on European Union, to begin as soon as possible;

3.   Reiterates the importance of the withdrawal agreement and any possible transitional arrangement(s) entering into force well before the elections to the European Parliament of May 2019;

4.   Recalls that the withdrawal agreement can only be concluded with the consent of the European Parliament, as is also the case for any possible future agreement on relations between the European Union and the United Kingdom as well as any possible transitional arrangements;

General principles for the negotiations

5.   Expects that, to ensure an orderly exit of the United Kingdom from the European Union, the negotiations between the European Union and the United Kingdom must be conducted in good faith and full transparency; recalls that the United Kingdom will continue to enjoy its rights as a Member State of the European Union until the withdrawal agreement comes into force and will therefore also remain bound by its duties and commitments arising therefrom;

6.   Recalls that, in this respect, it would be contrary to Union law for the United Kingdom to begin, in advance of its withdrawal, negotiations on possible trade agreements with third countries; stresses that such an action would be in contradiction with the principle of sincere cooperation laid down in Article 4(3) of the Treaty on European Union and should have consequences, among them the United Kingdom’s exclusion from the procedures for trade negotiations laid down in Article 218 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union; emphasises that the same must apply in other policy areas where the United Kingdom would continue to shape Union legislation, actions, strategies or common policies in a way that favours its own interests as a departing Member State, rather than the interests of the European Union and of the EU-27;

7.   Warns that any bilateral arrangement between one or several remaining Member States and the United Kingdom, in the areas of European Union competence, that has not been agreed by the EU-27, relating to issues included in the scope of the withdrawal agreement and/or impinging on the future relationship of the European Union with the United Kingdom, would also be in contradiction with the Treaties; warns moreover that this would especially be the case for any bilateral agreement and/or regulatory or supervisory practice that would relate, for instance, to any privileged access to the internal market for United Kingdom-based financial institutions at the expense of the Union’s regulatory framework or to the status of EU-27 citizens in the United Kingdom or vice versa;

8.   Believes that the mandate and the negotiating directives applying throughout the whole negotiation process must fully reflect the positions and interests of the citizens of the EU-27, including those of Ireland, since that Member State will be particularly affected by the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the European Union;

9.   Hopes that under these conditions the European Union and the United Kingdom will establish a future relationship that is fair, as close as possible and balanced in terms of rights and obligations; regrets the decision by the United Kingdom Government not to participate in the internal market, the European Economic Area or the customs union; considers that a state withdrawing from the Union cannot enjoy similar benefits to those enjoyed by a Union Member State, and therefore announces that it will not consent to any agreement that would contradict this;

10.   Reaffirms that membership of the internal market and the customs union entails acceptance of the four freedoms, the jurisdiction of the Court of Justice of the European Union, general budgetary contributions and adherence to the European Union’s common commercial policy;

11.   Stresses that the United Kingdom must honour all its legal, financial and budgetary obligations, including commitments under the current multiannual financial framework, falling due up to and after the date of its withdrawal;

12.   Notes the proposed arrangements for the organisation of negotiations set out in the statement by the Heads of State or Government of 27 Member States, as well as the Presidents of the European Council and the European Commission, of 15 December 2016; welcomes the nomination of the European Commission as Union negotiator and the Commission’s nomination of Michel Barnier as its chief negotiator; points out that full involvement of the European Parliament is a necessary precondition for it to give its consent to any agreement reached between the European Union and the United Kingdom;

Sequencing of the negotiations

13.   Underlines that, in accordance with Article 50(2) of the Treaty on European Union, the negotiations are to concern the arrangements for the United Kingdom’s withdrawal while taking account of the framework for the United Kingdom’s future relationship with the European Union;

14.   Agrees that should substantial progress be made towards a withdrawal agreement then talks could start on possible transitional arrangements on the basis of the intended framework for the United Kingdom’s future relationship with the European Union;

15.   Notes that an agreement on a future relationship between the European Union and the United Kingdom as a third country can only be concluded once the United Kingdom has withdrawn from the European Union;

Withdrawal agreement

16.   States that the withdrawal agreement must be in conformity with the Treaties and the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union, failing which it will not obtain the consent of the European Parliament;

17.  Is of the opinion that the withdrawal agreement should address the following elements:

   the legal status of EU-27 citizens living or having lived in the United Kingdom and of United Kingdom citizens living or having lived in other Member States, as well as other provisions concerning their rights;
   the settlement of financial obligations between the United Kingdom and the European Union;
   the European Union’s external border;
   the clarification of the status of the United Kingdom’s international commitments undertaken as a Member State of the European Union, given that the European Union of 27 Member States will be the legal successor to the European Union of 28 Member States;
   legal certainty for legal entities, including companies;
   the designation of the Court of Justice of the European Union as the competent authority for the interpretation and enforcement of the withdrawal agreement;

18.   Requires the fair treatment of EU-27 citizens living or having lived in the United Kingdom and of United Kingdom citizens living or having lived in the EU-27 and is of the opinion that their respective rights and interests must be given full priority in the negotiations; demands, therefore, that the status and rights of EU-27 citizens residing in the United Kingdom and of United Kingdom citizens residing in the EU-27 be subject to the principles of reciprocity, equity, symmetry and non-discrimination, and demands moreover the protection of the integrity of Union law, including the Charter of Fundamental Rights, and its enforcement framework; stresses that any degradation of the rights linked to freedom of movement, including discrimination between EU citizens in their access to residency rights, before the date of withdrawal from the European Union by the United Kingdom would be contrary to Union law;

19.   Stresses that a single financial settlement with the United Kingdom on the basis of the European Union’s annual accounts as audited by the European Court of Auditors must include all its legal liabilities arising from outstanding commitments as well as making provision for off-balance sheet items, contingent liabilities and other financial costs arising directly as a result of the United Kingdom’s withdrawal;

20.   Recognises that the unique position of and the special circumstances confronting the island of Ireland must be addressed in the withdrawal agreement; urges that all means and measures consistent with European Union law and the 1998 Good Friday Agreement be used to mitigate the effects of the United Kingdom’s withdrawal on the border between Ireland and Northern Ireland; insists in that context on the absolute need to ensure continuity and stability of the Northern Ireland peace process and to do everything possible to avoid a hardening of the border;

Future European Union-United Kingdom relationship

21.   Acknowledges the notification of 29 March 2017 and the White Paper of the United Kingdom Government of 2 February 2017 on ‘The United Kingdom’s exit from and new partnership with the European Union’;

22.   Believes that the future relationship between the European Union and the United Kingdom should be balanced and comprehensive and should serve the interests of the citizens of both parties, and will therefore need sufficient time to be negotiated; stresses that it should cover areas of common interest while respecting the integrity of the European Union’s legal order and the fundamental principles and values of the Union, including the integrity of the internal market as well as the decision-making capacity and autonomy of the Union; notes that Article 8 of the Treaty on European Union, as well as Article 217 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, which provides for ‘establishing an association involving reciprocal rights and obligations, common action and special procedures’, could provide an appropriate framework for such a future relationship;

23.   States that, whatever the outcome of the negotiations on the future European Union-United Kingdom relationship, they cannot involve any trade-off between internal and external security including defence cooperation, on the one hand, and the future economic relationship, on the other hand;

24.   Stresses that any future agreement between the European Union and the United Kingdom is conditional on the United Kingdom’s continued adherence to the standards provided by international obligations, including human rights, and the Union’s legislation and policies, in, among others, the fields of the environment, climate change, the fight against tax evasion and avoidance, fair competition, trade and social rights, especially safeguards against social dumping;

25.   Opposes any future agreement between the European Union and the United Kingdom that would contain piecemeal or sectorial provisions, including with respect to financial services, providing United Kingdom-based undertakings with preferential access to the internal market and/or the customs union; underlines that after its withdrawal the United Kingdom will fall under the third-country regime provided for in Union legislation;

26.   Notes that if the United Kingdom asks to participate in certain European Union programmes it will be as a third country, entailing appropriate budgetary contributions and oversight by the existing jurisdiction; would welcome, in this context, the United Kingdom’s continued participation in a number of programmes, such as Erasmus;

27.   Takes note that many citizens of the United Kingdom have expressed strong opposition to losing the rights they currently enjoy pursuant to Article 20 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union; proposes that the EU-27 examine how to mitigate this within the limits of Union primary law whilst fully respecting the principles of reciprocity, equity, symmetry and non-discrimination;

Transitional arrangements

28.   Believes that transitional arrangements ensuring legal certainty and continuity can only be agreed between the European Union and the United Kingdom if they contain the right balance of rights and obligations for both parties and preserve the integrity of the European Union’s legal order, with the Court of Justice of the European Union responsible for settling any legal challenges; believes, moreover, that any such arrangements must also be strictly limited both in time – not exceeding three years – and in scope, as they can never be a substitute for European Union membership;

Issues for the EU-27 and the Union institutions

29.   Calls for agreement to be reached as quickly as possible on the relocation of the European Banking Authority and the European Medicines Agency and for the process of relocation to begin as soon as practicable;

30.   Points out that a review and adjustment of Union law may be necessary to take account of the United Kingdom’s withdrawal;

31.   Believes that a revision covering the last two years of the current multiannual financial framework is not required, but that the impact of the United Kingdom’s withdrawal should be dealt with by means of the annual budgetary procedure; underlines that the work on a new multiannual financial framework, including the question of own resources, should begin immediately among the Union institutions and the EU-27;

32.   Commits itself to finalising in time the legislative procedures on the composition of the European Parliament under Article 14(2) of the Treaty on European Union and on the electoral procedure on the basis of its proposal under Article 223 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union annexed to its resolution of 11 November 2015 on the reform of the electoral law of the European Union(6) ; believes furthermore, taking into account Recital P of the present resolution, that during the negotiations on the withdrawal of, and on the establishing of a new relationship with, the United Kingdom, the remaining 27 Member States of the European Union, together with its institutions, need to strengthen the present Union by means of a broad public debate and to start an in-depth interinstitutional reflection on its future;

Final provisions

33.   Reserves the right to clarify its position on the European Union-United Kingdom negotiations, and, where appropriate, to adopt further resolutions, including on specific matters or sectorial issues, in the light of the progress or otherwise of those negotiations;

34.   Expects the European Council to take this resolution into account when adopting its guidelines defining the framework for negotiations and setting out the overall positions and principles that the European Union will pursue;

35.   Resolves to determine its final position on the agreement(s) based on the assessment made in line with the content of this resolution and any subsequent European Parliament resolutions;

o
o   o

36.   Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the European Council, the Council of the European Union, the European Commission, the European Central Bank, the national parliaments and the Government of the United Kingdom.

(1) Texts adopted, P8_TA(2016)0294 .
(2) Texts adopted, P8_TA(2017)0048 .
(3) Texts adopted, P8_TA(2017)0049 .
(4) Texts adopted, P8_TA(2017)0050 .
(5)OJ C 285, 5.8.2016, p. 9.
(6) Texts adopted, P8_TA(2015)0395 .


Certain aspects of company law ***I
PDF 241k   DOC 50k
Resolution
Consolidated text
European Parliament legislative resolution of 5 April 2017 on the proposal for a directive of the European Parliament and of the Council relating to certain aspects of company law (codified text) (COM(2015)0616 – C8-0388/2015 – 2015/0283(COD) ) (Ordinary legislative procedure – codification)
P8_TA(2017)0103 A8-0088/2017

The European Parliament,

–   having regard to the Commission proposal to the European Parliament and the Council (COM(2015)0616 ),

–   having regard to Article 294(2) and Article 50(1) and (2)(g) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, pursuant to which the Commission submitted the proposal to Parliament (C8‑0388/2015 ),

–   having regard to Article 294(3) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,

–   having regard to the opinion of the European Economic and Social Committee of 27 April 2016(1) ,

–   having regard to the Interinstitutional Agreement of 20 December 1994 - Accelerated working method for official codification of legislative texts(2) ,

–   having regard to Rules 103 and 59 of its Rules of Procedure,

–   having regard to the report of the Committee on Legal Affairs (A8-0088/2017 ),

A.   whereas, according to the Consultative Working Party of the legal services of the European Parliament, the Council and the Commission, the proposal in question contains a straightforward codification of the existing texts without any change in their substance;

1.   Adopts its position at first reading hereinafter set out;

2.   Instructs its President to forward its position to the Council, the Commission and the national parliaments.

Position of the European Parliament adopted at first reading on 5 April 2017 with a view to the adoption of Directive (EU) 2017/... of the European Parliament and of the Council relating to certain aspects of company law (codification)

P8_TC1-COD(2015)0283


(As an agreement was reached between Parliament and Council, Parliament's position corresponds to the final legislative act, Directive (EU) 2017/1132.)

(1) OJ C 264, 20.7.2016, p. 82.
(2) OJ C 102, 4.4.1996, p. 2.


Ratification and accession to the 2010 Protocol to the Hazardous and Noxious Substances Convention with the exception of aspects related to judicial cooperation in civil matters ***
PDF 246k   DOC 42k
European Parliament legislative resolution of 5 April 2017 on the draft Council decision on the ratification and accession by Member States, in the interest of the European Union, to the Protocol of 2010 to the International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in Connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea, with the exception of aspects related to judicial cooperation in civil matters (13806/2015 – C8-0410/2015 – 2015/0135(NLE)) (Consent)
P8_TA(2017)0104 A8-0076/2017

The European Parliament,

–   having regard to the draft Council decision (13806/2015),

–   having regard to the International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in Connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea 1996 (the '1996 HNS Convention'),

–   having regard to the Protocol of 2010 to the 1996 HNS Convention,

–   having regard to the request for consent submitted by the Council in accordance with Article 100(2) and Article 218(6), second subparagraph, point (a) (v), of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (C8-0410/2015 ),

–   having regard to Council Decision 2002/971/EC of 18 November 2002 authorising the Member States, in the interest of the Community, to ratify or accede to the International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in Connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea, 1996 (the HNS Convention)(1) ,

–   having regard to the opinion of the Court of Justice of 14 October 2014(2) ,

–   having regard to its interim resolution of 8 June 2016 on the draft Council decision(3) ,

–   having regard to the Commission follow up of 4 October 2016 to the interim resolution,

–   having regard to the opinion in letter form on the appropriate legal basis for the draft Council Decision above adopted by the Committee on Legal Affairs on 19 February 2016(4) and annexed to the interim report of the Committee on Legal Affairs (A8-0191/2016 ),

–   having regard to Rule 99(1) and (4) and Rule 108(7) of its Rules of Procedure,

–   having regard to the recommendation of the Committee on Legal Affairs (A8-0076/2017 ),

1.   Gives its consent to the ratification and accession by Member States, in the interest of the European Union, to the Protocol of 2010 to the International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in Connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea, with the exception of the aspects related to judicial cooperation in civil matters;

2.   Instructs its President to forward its position to the Council, the Commission and the governments and parliaments of the Member States.

(1) OJ L 337, 13.12.2002, p. 55.
(2) Opinion of the Court of Justice of 14 October 2014, 1/13, ECLI:EU:C:2014:2303.
(3) Texts adopted, P8_TA(2016)0259 .
(4) PE576.992.


Ratification and accession to the 2010 Protocol to the Hazardous and Noxious Substances Convention with regard to aspects related to judicial cooperation in civil matters ***
PDF 259k   DOC 43k
European Parliament legislative resolution of 5 April 2017 on the draft Council decision on the ratification and accession by Member States, in the interest of the European Union, to the Protocol of 2010 to the International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in Connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea, with regard to the aspects related to judicial cooperation in civil matters (14112/2015 – C8-0409/2015 – 2015/0136(NLE)) (Consent)
P8_TA(2017)0105 A8-0078/2017

The European Parliament,

–   having regard to the draft Council decision (14112/2015),

–   having regard to the International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea 1996 (the '1996 HNS Convention'),

–   having regard to the Protocol of 2010 to the 1996 HNS Convention,

–   having regard to the request for consent submitted by the Council in accordance with Article 81 and Article 218(6), second subparagraph, point (a) (v), of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (C8-0409/2015 ),

–   having regard to Protocol No 22 on the position of Denmark annexed to the Treaties,

–   having regard to Council Decision 2002/971/EC of 18 November 2002 authorising the Member States, in the interest of the Community, to ratify or accede to the International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in Connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea, 1996 (the HNS Convention)(1) ,

–   having regard to the opinion of the Court of Justice of 14 October 2014(2) ,

–   having regard to its interim resolution of 8 June 2016 on the draft Council decision(3) ,

–   having regard to the Commission follow up of 4 October 2016 to the interim resolution,

–   having regard to Rule 99(1) and (4) and Rule 108(7) of its Rules of Procedure,

–   having regard to the recommendation of the Committee on Legal Affairs (A8-0078/2017 ),

1.   Gives its consent to the ratification and accession by Member States, in the interest of the European Union, to the Protocol of 2010 to the International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in Connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea, with regard to the aspects related to judicial cooperation in civil matters;

2.   Instructs its President to forward its position to the Council, the Commission and the governments and parliaments of the Member States.

(1) OJ L 337, 13.12.2002, p. 55.
(2) Opinion of the Court of Justice of 14 October 2014, 1/13, ECLI:EU:C:2014:2303.
(3) Texts adopted, P8_TA(2016)0260 .


Application of the provisions of the Schengen acquis relating to the Schengen Information System in Croatia *
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European Parliament legislative resolution of 5 April 2017 on the proposal for a Council decision on the application of the provisions of the Schengen acquis in the area of the Schengen Information System in the Republic of Croatia (COM(2017)0017 – C8-0026/2017 – 2017/0011(NLE)) (Consultation)
P8_TA(2017)0106 A8-0073/2017

The European Parliament,

–   having regard to the Commission proposal to the Council (COM(2017)0017 ),

–   having regard to Article 4(2) of the Act of Accession of 9 December 2011(1) , pursuant to which the Council consulted Parliament (C8‑0026/2017 ),

–   having regard to Rule 78c of its Rules of Procedure,

–   having regard to the report of the Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs (A8-0073/2017 ),

1.   Approves the Commission proposal;

2.   Calls on the Council to notify Parliament if it intends to depart from the text approved by Parliament;

3.   Asks the Council to consult Parliament again if it intends to substantially amend the text approved by Parliament;

4.   Instructs its President to forward its position to the Council and the Commission.

(1) OJ L 112, 24.2.2012, p. 21.


Medical devices ***II
PDF 239k   DOC 42k
European Parliament legislative resolution of 5 April 2017 on the Council position at first reading with a view to the adoption of a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on medical devices, amending Directive 2001/83/EC, Regulation (EC) No 178/2002 and Regulation (EC) No 1223/2009 and repealing Council Directives 90/385/EEC and 93/42/EEC (10728/4/2016 – C8-0104/2017 – 2012/0266(COD) ) (Ordinary legislative procedure: second reading)
P8_TA(2017)0107 A8-0068/2017

The European Parliament,

–   having regard to the Council position at first reading (10728/4/2016 – C8-0104/2017 ),

–   having regard to the opinion of the European Economic and Social Committee of 14 February 2013(1) ,

–   having regard to its position at first reading(2) on the Commission proposal to Parliament and the Council (COM(2012)0542 ),

–   having regard to Article 294(7) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,

–   having regard to Rule 67a of its Rules of Procedure,

–   having regard to the recommendation for second reading of the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety (A8-0068/2017 ),

1.   Approves the Council position at first reading;

2.   Notes that the act is adopted in accordance with the Council position;

3.   Instructs its President to sign the act with the President of the Council, in accordance with Article 297(1) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union;

4.   Instructs its Secretary-General to sign the act, once it has been verified that all the procedures have been duly completed, and, in agreement with the Secretary-General of the Council, to arrange for its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union ;

5.   Instructs its President to forward its position to the Council, the Commission and the national parliaments.

(1) OJ C 133, 9.5.2013, p. 52.
(2) Texts adopted of 2 April 2014, P7_TA(2014)0266 .


In vitro diagnostic medical devices ***II
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Resolution
Annex
European Parliament legislative resolution of 5 April 2017 on the Council position at first reading with a view to the adoption of a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on in vitro diagnostic medical devices and repealing Directive 98/79/EC and Commission Decision 2010/227/EU (10729/4/2016 – C8-0105/2017 – 2012/0267(COD) ) (Ordinary legislative procedure: second reading)
P8_TA(2017)0108 A8-0069/2017

The European Parliament,

–   having regard to the Council position at first reading (10729/4/2016 – C8-0105/2017 ),

–   having regard to the opinion of the European Economic and Social Committee of 14 February 2013(1) ,

–   having regard to its position at first reading(2) on the Commission proposal to Parliament and the Council (COM(2012)0541 ),

–   having regard to Article 294(7) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,

–   having regard to Rule 67a of its Rules of Procedure,

–   having regard to the recommendation for second reading of the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety (A8-0069/2017 ),

1.   Approves the Council position at first reading;

2.   Takes note of the Commission statements annexed to this resolution;

3.   Notes that the act is adopted in accordance with the Council position;

4.   Instructs its President to sign the act with the President of the Council, in accordance with Article 297(1) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union;

5.   Instructs its Secretary-General to sign the act, once it has been verified that all the procedures have been duly completed, and, in agreement with the Secretary-General of the Council, to arrange for its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union ;

6.   Instructs its President to forward its position to the Council, the Commission and the national parliaments.

ANNEX TO THE LEGISLATIVE RESOLUTION

Commission statement regarding the provisions for information and counselling in the field of genetic testing in Article 4 of the Regulation on in vitro diagnostic medical devices

No later than five years after the date of application of the Regulation and in the framework of the review of the functioning of Article 4 foreseen in Article 111 of the Regulation, the Commission will report on the Member States' experience with the implementation of the obligations in Article 4 for information and counselling in the context of use of genetic tests. In particular, the Commission will report on the different practices in place in light of the double objective pursued by the Regulation, namely to ensure a high level of patient safety and guarantee the smooth functioning of the internal market.

Commission statement regarding genetic testing used for lifestyle and wellbeing purposes

With respect to genetic tests intended for wellbeing or lifestyle purposes, the Commission stresses that devices without any medical purpose, including those which are intended to directly or indirectly maintain or improve healthy behaviours, quality of life and wellbeing of individuals, are not covered by Article 2 (Definitions) of the Regulation on in vitro diagnostic medical devices. Nonetheless, the Commission intends to monitor, on the basis of the market surveillance activities carried out by Member States, specific safety issues which might be linked to the use of these devices.

(1) OJ C 133, 9.5.2013, p. 52.
(2) Texts adopted of 2 April 2014, P7_TA(2014)0267 .


Money market funds ***I
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Resolution
Consolidated text
European Parliament legislative resolution of 5 April 2017 on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on Money Market Funds (COM(2013)0615 – C7-0263/2013 – 2013/0306(COD) ) (Ordinary legislative procedure: first reading)
P8_TA(2017)0109 A8-0041/2015

The European Parliament,

–   having regard to the Commission proposal to Parliament and the Council (COM(2013)0615 ),

–   having regard to Article 294(2) and Article 114 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, pursuant to which the Commission submitted the proposal to Parliament (C7-0263/2013 ),

–   having regard to Article 294(3) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,

–   having regard to the opinion of the European Central Bank of 21 May 2014(1) ,

–   having regard to the opinion of the European Economic and Social Committee of 10 December 2013(2) ,

–   having regard to the provisional agreement approved by the responsible committee and the undertaking given by the Council representative by letter of 7 December 2016 to approve Parliament’s position, in accordance with Article 294(4) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,

–   having regard to Rule 59 of its Rules of Procedure,

–   having regard to the report of the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (A8-0041/2015 ),

1.   Adopts its position at first reading hereinafter set out(3) ;

2.   Calls on the Commission to refer the matter to Parliament again if it replaces, substantially amends or intends to substantially amend its proposal;

3.   Instructs its President to forward its position to the Council, the Commission and the national parliaments.

Position of the European Parliament adopted at first reading on 5 April 2017 with a view to the adoption of Regulation (EU) 2017/... of the European Parliament and of the Council on money market funds

P8_TC1-COD(2013)0306


(As an agreement was reached between Parliament and Council, Parliament's position corresponds to the final legislative act, Regulation (EU) 2017/1131.)

(1) OJ C 255, 6.8.2014, p. 3.
(2) OJ C 170, 5.6.2014, p. 50.
(3) This position replaces the amendments adopted on 29 April 2015 (Texts adopted, P8_TA(2015)0170 ).


Prospectus to be published when securities are offered to the public or admitted to trading ***I
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Resolution
Consolidated text
European Parliament legislative resolution of 5 April 2017 on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on the prospectus to be published when securities are offered to the public or admitted to trading (COM(2015)0583 – C8-0375/2015 – 2015/0268(COD) ) (Ordinary legislative procedure: first reading)
P8_TA(2017)0110 A8-0238/2016

The European Parliament,

–   having regard to the Commission proposal to Parliament and the Council (COM(2015)0583 ),

–   having regard to Article 294(2) and Article 114 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, pursuant to which the Commission submitted the proposal to Parliament (C8‑0375/2015 ),

–   having regard to Article 294(3) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,

–   having regard to the opinion of the European Central Bank of 17 March 2016(1) ,

–   having regard to the opinion of the European Economic and Social Committee of 16 March 2016(2) ,

–   after consulting the Committee of the Regions,

–   having regard to the provisional agreement approved by the responsible committee under Rule 69f(4) of its Rules of Procedure and the undertaking given by the Council representative by letter of 20 December 2016 to approve that position, in accordance with Article 294(4) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,

–   having regard to Rule 59 of its Rules of Procedure,

–   having regard to the report of the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs and the opinion of the Committee on the Internal Market and Consumer Protection (A8-0238/2016 ),

1.   Adopts its position at first reading hereinafter set out(3) ;

2.   Calls on the Commission to refer the matter to Parliament again if it replaces, substantially amends or intends to substantially amend its proposal;

3.   Instructs its President to forward its position to the Council, the Commission and the national parliaments.

Position of the European Parliament adopted at first reading on 5 April 2017 with a view to the adoption of Regulation (EU) 2017/... of the European Parliament and of the Council on the prospectus to be published when securities are offered to the public or admitted to trading on a regulated market, and repealing Directive 2003/71/EC

P8_TC1-COD(2015)0268


(As an agreement was reached between Parliament and Council, Parliament's position corresponds to the final legislative act, Regulation (EU) 2017/1129.)

(1) OJ C 195, 2.6.2016, p. 1.
(2) OJ C 177, 18.5.2016, p. 9.
(3) This position replaces the amendments adopted on 15 September 2016 (Texts adopted P8_TA(2016)0353 ).


Multiannual financial framework for 2014-2020 ***
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Resolution
Annex
European Parliament legislative resolution of 5 April 2017 on the draft Council regulation amending Regulation (EU, Euratom) No 1311/2013 laying down the multiannual financial framework for the years 2014-2020 (14942/2016 – C8-0103/2017 – 2016/0283(APP)) (Special legislative procedure - consent)
P8_TA(2017)0111 A8-0110/2017

The European Parliament,

–   having regard to the Commission proposal for a Council Regulation amending Regulation (EU, Euratom) No 1311/2013 laying down the multiannual financial framework for the years 2014-2020 (COM(2016)0604 ),

–   having regard to the draft Council regulation amending Regulation (EU, Euratom) No 1311/2013 laying down the multiannual financial framework for the years 2014-2020 (14942/2016) and Council’s corrigendum (14942/2016 COR2),

–   having regard to the request for consent submitted by the Council in accordance with Article 312 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union and Article 106a of the Treaty establishing the European Atomic Energy Community (C8-0103/2017 ),

–   having regard to the Council agreement in principle of 7 March 2017 on the revision of the multiannual financial framework 2014-2020(1) ,

–   having regard to its resolution of 6 July 2016 on the preparation of the post-electoral revision of the MFF 2014-2020: Parliament’s input ahead of the Commission’s proposal(2) ,

–   having regard to its resolution of 26 October 2016 on the mid-term revision of the MFF 2014-2020(3) ,

–   having regard to its non-legislative resolution of 5 April 2017 on the draft regulation(4) ,

–   having regard to Rules 86, 99(1) and (4) of its Rules of Procedure,

–   having regard to the recommendation of the Committee on Budgets (A8-0110/2017 );

1.   Gives its consent to the draft Council regulation amending Regulation (EU, Euratom) No 1311/2013 laying down the multiannual financial framework for the years 2014-2020 as set out in annex to this resolution;

2.   Instructs its President to forward its position to the Council, the Commission and the national parliaments.

ANNEX

Draft Council Regulation (EU, Euratom) 2017/… amending Regulation (EU, Euratom) No 1311/2013 laying down the multiannual financial framework for the years 2014‑2020

(The text of this annex is not reproduced here since it corresponds to the final act, Council Regulation (EU, Euratom) 2017/1123.)

(1) 7030/2017 and 7031/2017 COR1 .
(2) Texts adopted, P8_TA(2016)0309 .
(3) Texts adopted, P8_TA(2016)0412 .
(4) Texts adopted, P8_TA(2017)0112 .


Multiannual financial framework for 2014-2020 (Resolution)
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Resolution
Annex
European Parliament non-legislative resolution of 5 April 2017 on the draft Council regulation amending Regulation (EU, Euratom) No 1311/2013 laying down the multiannual financial framework for the years 2014-2020 (14942/2016 – C8-0103/2017 – 2016/0283(APP) – 2017/2051(INI) )
P8_TA(2017)0112 A8-0117/2017

The European Parliament,

–   having regard to the Commission proposal for a Council Regulation amending Regulation (EU, Euratom) No 1311/2013 laying down the multiannual financial framework for the years 2014-2020 (COM(2016)0604 ),

–   having regard to the draft Council regulation amending Regulation (EU, Euratom) No 1311/2013 laying down the multiannual financial framework for the years 2014-2020 (14942/2016) and Council’s corrigendum (14942/2016 COR2),

–   having regard to the request for consent submitted by the Council in accordance with Article 312 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union and Article 106a of the Treaty establishing the European Atomic Energy Community (C8-0103/2017 ),

–   having regard to the Council agreement in principle of 7 March 2017 on the revision of the multiannual financial framework 2014-2020(1) ,

–   having regard to its resolution of 6 July 2016 on the preparation of the post-electoral revision of the MFF 2014-2020: Parliament’s input ahead of the Commission’s proposal(2) ,

–   having regard to its resolution of 26 October 2016 on the mid-term revision of the MFF 2014-2020(3) ,

–   having regard to its legislative resolution of 5 April 2017 on the draft regulation(4) ,

–   having regard to Rule 99(2) of its Rules of Procedure,

–   having regard to the report of the Committee on Budgets (A8-0117/2017 ),

1.   Approves the joint statements by Parliament and the Council annexed to this resolution;

2.   Approves its statement annexed to this resolution;

3.   Takes note of the unilateral statements by the Council and the Commission;

4.   Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission and the national parliaments.

ANNEX: STATEMENTS

Joint statement of the European Parliament and the Council on reinforcements (top-ups) for the remaining period of the MFF

In the context of the MFF mid-term review/revision, the European Parliament and the Council have agreed on the top-ups as proposed by the Commission for the amounts indicated in the table below, to be implemented in the years 2017 to 2020(5) in the framework of the annual budgetary procedure, without prejudice to the prerogatives of the budgetary authority:

 

Commitment appropriations, mil. EUR

Heading 1a

 

Horizon 2020

200

CEF Transport

300

Erasmus+

100

COSME

100

Wifi4EU*

25

EFSI*

150

Total Heading 1a

875

Heading 1b (YEI)

1200 **

Heading 3

2549

Heading 4*

1385

Total H1a, 1b, 3, 4

6009

* This does not prejudge the outcome of ongoing discussions on draft legislative proposals within H1a and H4.

** Spread over four years (2017-2020).

Redeployments of an overall amount of EUR 945 million will be identified in the annual budget procedure, out of which EUR 875 million in H1a and EUR 70 million in H4.

Joint statement of the European Parliament and the Council on avoiding accumulation of an excessive amount of unpaid bills

The European Parliament and the Council call on the Commission to continue closely scrutinising the implementation of the 2014-2020 programmes in order to ensure an orderly progression of payment appropriations consistent with the authorised commitment appropriations. To that end, they invite the Commission to present in a timely manner, throughout the remaining period of the current MFF, updated figures concerning the state of affairs and estimates regarding payment appropriations. The European Parliament and the Council will take any necessary decisions in due time for duly justified needs to prevent the accumulation of an excessive amount of unpaid bills and to ensure that payment claims are duly reimbursed.

Joint statement of the European Parliament and the Council on payments for Special Instruments

The European Parliament and the Council agreed to adapt the proposal for amending Decision (EU) 2015/435 so as not to prejudice in any way the nature of payments for other special instruments in a general way.

Joint statement of the European Parliament and the Council concerning an independent evaluation of the results of the target of progressive reduction of staff by 5% between 2013 and 2017

The European Parliament and the Council propose that an independent evaluation of the results of the target of progressive reduction of staff by 5% between 2013 and 2017 is undertaken, covering all institutions, bodies and agencies as agreed in the IIA of 2013 on budgetary discipline, on cooperation in budgetary matters and on sound financial management. Based on the conclusion of the evaluation, the European Parliament and the Council invite the Commission to present an appropriate follow-up proposal.

Statement of the European Parliament on the joint statements linked to the MFF mid-term revision

The European Parliament recalls that the four joint statements that accompany the revised MFF Regulation are of political nature without any legal implications.

With regard to the joint statement on reinforcements (“top-ups”) and redeployments for Union programmes, it is recalled that the Treaties provide for the budgetary authority to determine the level and content of the Union budget through the annual budgetary procedure. The European Parliament stresses that, as an equal arm of the budgetary authority, it will exercise fully its prerogatives, which will not be compromised by any political declaration. The need to respect the prerogatives of the budgetary authority is also clearly reflected in the text of the joint statement.

The European Parliament understands, therefore, that the amounts indicated in this joint statement represent reference amounts to be examined in the context of the annual budgetary procedure, taking due account of the concrete circumstances of each annual budget. Concerning, in particular, the proposed redeployments in Headings 1a and 4, the European Parliament intends to examine any Commission proposals on a case-by-case basis, in order to ensure that no reduction is sustained on key Union programmes, notably if they are conducive to growth and jobs or respond to current pressing needs and present a high implementation rate.

It is evident that any amounts indicated in the joint statement that relate to legislative proposals that are not yet adopted, do not prejudge in any way the outcome of those legislative negotiations.

Statement of the Council on payments for Special Instruments

The Council proposes to maintain the status quo and not establish, in the context of this review/revision, a general and over-arching rule as regards the treatment of payments for other special instruments. The opinion of the Council Legal Service stated that it will remain open for the Budgetary Authority to decide on a case-by-case basis, in respect of a specific mobilisation in question, whether or not some or all of the corresponding payments are to be counted above the MFF ceilings.

Statement of the Commission on reinforcing the Youth Employment Initiative and additional measures to help tackling the migration crisis and security issues

Should the downwards trend in youth unemployment observed since 2013 reverse again, consideration should be given to increase the funding for the Youth Employment Initiative beyond the amount of EUR 1,2 billion agreed in the framework of the mid-term review/revision of the multiannual financial framework (MFF) 2014-2020 by using margins available under the Global Margin for Commitments in accordance with Article 14 of the MFF Regulation. For that purpose, the Commission will report regularly on the observed statistical trends and submit a Draft Amending Budget if appropriate.

Without prejudice to the above, additional margins available should be considered, as a matter of priority, for investing in young people across Europe and for measures helping to address the internal and external dimension of the migration crisis and security issues should new needs arise which are not covered by the existing or agreed funding. The Commission will make proposals to that end if appropriate while keeping in mind the need to maintain sufficient margins for unexpected events and the smooth implementation of already agreed programmes.

(1) 7030/2017 and 7031/2017 COR1.
(2) Texts adopted, P8_TA(2016)0309 .
(3) Texts adopted, P8_TA(2016)0412 .
(4)Texts adopted, P8_TA(2017)0111 .
(5) A part of the overall top-ups have already been agreed in the context of the 2017 budgetary procedure. The 2017 budget thus includes EUR 200 million in Heading 1a and EUR 725 million in Heading 4. Moreover, the European Parliament and the Council agreed to provide EUR 500 million in Heading 1b for the Youth Employment Initiative in 2017 to be financed by the Global margin for commitments and which will be implemented via an amending budget in 2017. Finally, the European Parliament and the Council also invited the Commission to request the necessary appropriations in an amending budget in 2017 in order to provide the financing of the EFSD from the EU budget as soon as the legal base is adopted.


Mobilisation of the Contingency Margin
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Resolution
Annex
European Parliament resolution of 5 April 2017 on the proposal for a decision of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Decision (EU) 2015/435 on the mobilisation of the Contingency Margin (COM(2016)0607 – C8-0387/2016 – 2016/2233(BUD) )
P8_TA(2017)0113 A8-0104/2017

The European Parliament,

–   having regard to the Commission proposal to the European Parliament and the Council (COM(2016)0607 – C8-0387/2016 ),

–   having regard to Council Regulation (EU, Euratom) No 1311/2013 of 2 December 2013 laying down the multiannual financial framework for the years 2014-2020(1) , and in particular Articles 6 and 13 thereof,

–   having regard to the Interinstitutional Agreement of 2 December 2013 between the European Parliament, the Council and the Commission on budgetary discipline, on cooperation in budgetary matters and on sound financial management(2) , and in particular point 14 thereof,

–   having regard to the Council agreement in principle of 7 March 2017 on the revision of the multiannual financial framework 2014-2020(3) ,

–   having regard to Decision (EU) 2015/435 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 December 2014 on the mobilisation of the Contingency Margin(4) ,

–   having regard to its resolution of 17 December 2014 on the proposal for a decision of the European Parliament and the Council on the mobilisation of the Contingency margin in 2014(5) ,

–   having regard to its resolutions of 6 July 2016 on the preparation of the post electoral revision of the MFF 2014-2020: Parliament’s input ahead the Commission’s proposal(6) and of 26 October 2016 on the mid-term revision of the MFF 2014-2020(7) ,

–   having regard to the report of the Committee on Budgets (A8-0104/2017 ),

A.   whereas in 2014 the European Parliament and the Council mobilised the contingency margin in the amount of EUR 3 168 233 715 in payment appropriations; whereas an amount of EUR 350 million was included in the mobilisation of the Contingency Margin pending an agreement on the treatment of payments for special instruments;

B.   whereas it was decided to offset an amount of EUR 2 818 233 715 over the period 2018-2020 and to invite the Commission to present in a timely manner a proposal concerning the remaining amount of EUR 350 million;

C.   whereas, according to the medium-term payment forecast presented in the context of the Mid-term review/revision of the MFF, pressure on the annual payment ceilings in the years 2018-2020 is to be expected;

D.   whereas the budget for the year 2017 shows a margin below the payment ceiling of EUR 9,8 billion, allowing for the offsetting of the full amount mobilised in 2014;

1.   Welcomes the Commission proposal presented as a part of the MFF mid-term review/revision package;

2.   Considers that the offsetting of a total amount of EUR 2 818 233 715 mobilised in 2014 against the margin under payment ceiling for the year 2017 will provide for more flexibility for the second part of the MFF and will help preventing a new payment crisis;

3.   Emphasises that the exclusion of the remaining amount of EUR 350 million from the offsetting confirms Parliament’s long standing position that payment appropriations for special instruments are counted over and above the MFF ceilings;

4.   Welcomes the Council agreement in principle to the annexed decision which is in line with the interpretation of the Parliament;

5.   Approves the decision annexed to this resolution;

6.   Instructs its President to sign the decision with the President of the Council and arrange for its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union ;

7.   Instructs its President to forward this resolution, including its annex, to the Council and the Commission.

ANNEX

DECISION OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL

amending Decision (EU) 2015/435 on the mobilisation of the Contingency Margin

(The text of this annex is not reproduced here since it corresponds to the final act, Decision (EU) 2017/1331.)

(1) OJ L 347, 20.12.2013, p. 884.
(2) OJ C 373, 20.12.2013, p. 1.
(3) 7030/2017 and 7031/2017 COR1 .
(4) OJ L 72, 17.3.2015, p. 4.
(5) OJ C 294, 12.8.2016, p. 65.
(6) Texts adopted, P8_TA(2016)0309 .
(7) Texts adopted, P8_TA(2016)0412 .


Estimates of revenue and expenditure for the financial year 2018 – Section I – European Parliament
PDF 383k   DOC 61k
European Parliament resolution of 5 April 2017 on Parliament’s estimates of revenue and expenditure for the financial year 2018 (2017/2022(BUD) )
P8_TA(2017)0114 A8-0156/2017

The European Parliament,

–   having regard to Article 314 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,

–   having regard to Regulation (EU, Euratom) No 966/2012 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 25 October 2012 on the financial rules applicable to the general budget of the Union and repealing Council Regulation (EC, Euratom) No 1605/2002(1) , and in particular Article 36 thereof,

–   having regard to Council Regulation (EU, Euratom) No 1311/2013 of 2 December 2013 laying down the multiannual financial framework for the years 2014-2020(2) ,

–   having regard to the Interinstitutional Agreement of 2 December 2013 between the European Parliament, the Council and the Commission on budgetary discipline, on cooperation in budgetary matters and on sound financial management(3) (IIA of 2 December 2013),

–   having regard to Regulation (EU, Euratom) No 1023/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 October 2013 amending the Staff Regulations of Officials of the European Union and the Conditions of Employment of Other Servants of the European Union(4) ,

–   having regard to its resolution of 14 April 2016 on Parliament's estimates of revenue and expenditure for the financial year 2017(5) ;

–   having regard to its resolution of 26 October 2016 on the Council position on the draft general budget of the European Union for the financial year 2017(6) ,

–   having regard to its resolution of 1 December2016 on the joint text on the draft general budget of the European Union for the financial year 2017 approved by the Conciliation Committee under the budgetary procedure(7) ,

–   having regard to the Secretary-General's report to the Bureau on drawing up Parliament's preliminary draft estimates for the financial year 2018,

–   having regard to the preliminary draft estimates drawn up by the Bureau on 3 April 2017 pursuant to Rules 25(7) and 96(1) of Parliament's Rules of Procedure,

–   having regard to the draft estimates drawn up by the Committee on Budgets pursuant to Rule 96(2) of Parliament's Rules of Procedure,

–   having regard to Rules 96 and 97 of its Rules of Procedure,

–   having regard to the report of the Committee on Budgets (A8-0156/2017 ),

A.   whereas this procedure is the third full budgetary procedure conducted in the new legislature and the fifth year of the 2014-2020 multiannual financial framework;

B.   whereas the 2018 budget, as proposed in the Secretary-General’s report, is being prepared against the backdrop of an increase in the ceiling for heading V when compared to 2017, allowing more room for growth and investment as well as continuing to implement policies of achieving savings and seeking to improve efficiency;

C.   whereas seven priority objectives have been proposed by the Secretary-General for the 2018 budget, namely: launching the communication campaign in preparation for the 2019 elections, consolidating the security measures taken, continuing the multiannual building projects, investing in the digitisation and computerisation of procedures, continuing to implement the measures needed to introduce Irish as a full official language, analysing the possible impact of Brexit and encouraging a green approach to transport;

D.   whereas a budget of EUR 1 971 883 373 has been proposed by the Secretary-General for Parliament's preliminary draft estimates for 2018, representing an overall increase of 3,26% on the 2017 budget and 19,06% of heading V of the 2014-2020 MFF;

E.   whereas additional extraordinary investments of EUR 47,6 million have been proposed by the Secretary-General to reinforce security projects, provide lease payments to the ADENAUER building project and launch the communication campaign in preparation for the 2019 elections;

F.   whereas almost 68 % of the budget is index-bound expenditure which relates mainly to remunerations and allowances for Members and staff, as well as to buildings, which is adjusted according to the Staff Regulations, to sector specific indexation or to the inflation rate;

G.   whereas the Parliament report entitled "Women in the European Parliament", issued on 8 March 2017 on the occasion of International Women's Day shows a gender imbalance in managerial posts in the Parliament, with 83,3 % of Parliament's Deputy Secretary-General and Directors-General positions being held by men and 16,7 % by women, 70,2 % of Parliament's Directors positions being held by men and 29,8 % by women, and 65,9 % Parliament's Heads of Unit positions being held by men and 34,1 % by women;

H.   whereas the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union places an obligation on the Union to respect linguistic diversity and prohibits discrimination on grounds of language, thus giving the right to any Union citizen to use any of the 24 official Union languages when corresponding with Union institutions, which are obliged to reply in the same language;

I.   whereas the Parliament already stressed in its resolution of 29 April 2015 on Parliament's estimates of revenue and expenditure for the financial year 2016(8) that the 2016 budget should be set on a realistic basis and should be in line with the principles of budgetary discipline and sound financial management;

J.   whereas the credibility of Parliament as one arm of the budgetary authority depends to a large extent on its ability to bring its own spending under control;

K.   whereas the credibility of the Parliament depends to a large extent on its ability to develop democracy at Union level;

General framework

1.   Stresses that the share of Parliament’s budget in 2018 should be maintained under 20 % of heading V; notes that the level of estimates for 2018 corresponds to 18,88 %, which is lower than that achieved in 2017 (19,26 %) and the lowest part of heading V in the past fifteen years;

2.   Pursuant to paragraph 15 of its resolutions of 14 April 2016 on Parliament's estimates of revenue and expenditure for the financial year 2017 and to paragraph 98 of its abovementioned resolution of 26 October 2016 on the Council position on the draft general budget of the European Union for the financial year 2017, requiring that the method of establishment of the budget of the Parliament on the basis of the current needs and not on the basis of a system of coefficients is used for the first time during the budgetary procedure for the financial year 2018, calls for the fulfilment of those requests;

3.   Notes that the amount set aside for extraordinary investment and expenditure in 2018 is EUR 47,6 million, the same level as in 2017; considers that the 2019 communication campaign ought to be considered as extraordinary expenditure;

4.   Observes the request for 75% of the appropriations for the communication campaign in preparation for the 2019 elections have been included in the 2018 preliminary draft estimates because most of the contracts will be signed in 2018;

5.   Emphasises that the largest part of Parliament's budget is fixed by statutory or contractual obligations and is subject to annual indexation;

6.   Endorses the agreement of 28 March 2017 with the Bureau on the level of 2018 estimates; decreases the level of expenditure by EUR 18,4 million compared to the initial position of the Bureau; sets the overall level of its estimates for 2018 to EUR 1 953 483 373, corresponding to a total increase of 2,3 % compared to the 2017 budget;

7.   Underlines the Parliament’s key functions are to legislate, represent citizens and scrutinise the work of other institutions;

8.   Highlights Parliament's role in building European political awareness and promoting the Union values;

9.   Stresses that savings compared to the proposal of the Secretary-General are required and all efforts to strive for a more efficient and transparent use of public money are strongly encouraged;

Transparency and accessibility

10.   Welcomes the response to the request from the Committee on Budgets, in its resolution of 14 April 2016 on Parliament’s estimates of revenue and expenditure for the financial year 2017(9) , and repeated in its resolution on the Council’s position on the draft general budget of the Union for the financial year 2017(10) , concerning medium and long-term budgetary planning, including a clear distinction between investments and operational expenditure relating to the functioning of Parliament as well as its statutory obligations (including on rents and acquisitions);

11.   Welcomes the creation of a working group on the procedures establishing the Parliament’s estimates of revenue and expenditure; notes that Parliament has called for consideration to be given to a further revision of the Rules regarding internal budgetary procedures(11) ; underlines the need for Members of the Bureau and the Committee on Budgets to receive relevant information relating to the estimates procedure in a timely and intelligible manner and with the necessary level of detail, in order to allow the Bureau and the Committee on Budgets to take decisions with a comprehensive picture of the state and needs of Parliament's budget;

12.   Reiterates its call on the Secretary-General to make a proposal for presenting the budget to the general public in appropriate detail and in an intelligible and user-friendly manner on the website of the Parliament in order to enable all citizens to develop a better understanding of Parliament's activities, priorities and corresponding spending patterns;

13.   Considers visitor groups to be one of the key instruments in increasing the awareness of citizens about Parliament's activities; welcomes the revised rules for visitor groups and considers that the risk of misappropriation of funds has decreased due to the implementation of the new and stricter rules; in this light, invites the Bureau, together with its Working Group on Information and Communication, to revise the appropriations for Member's visitor groups, taking into account inflation rates in recent years which have consequently increased the cost of such visits; considers that, although those amounts are not meant to cover all the costs incurred by visitor groups, but rather to be considered as a subsidy, the fact that the proportion of costs covered will diminish if the allowance is not adjusted according to inflation, cannot be ignored; asks the Bureau to take into account that this discrepancy disproportionately affects visitor groups from less affluent socio-economic backgrounds who have very limited financial means of their own;

Security and cybersecurity

14.   Takes note of the ongoing measures to empower Parliament's security, relating to buildings, equipment and staff, cyber-security and communication security; requests the Secretary-General and the Bureau to carry on the Global Security Concept to continue to provide structural, operational and cultural improvements in Parliament's security; reiterates the need to improve the performance of IT services provided to the Parliament by investing in the training of staff, but also by better selecting contractors based on a stronger evaluation of their services and IT capacity;

15.   Believes that recent events demonstrate the likelihood of cyber-attacks has increased dramatically, with the technology behind such attacks often outpacing the cybersecurity measures to combat them; considers that IT tools have become important instruments for Members and staff to carry out their work, but are nevertheless vulnerable to such attacks; welcomes therefore the embedding of cybersecurity in Parliament’s overall strategic management framework, and considers this will enable the institution to better protect its assets and information;

16.   Regrets that despite the installation of SECure EMail system (SECEM) the Parliament is unable to receive restricted and non-classified briefings from other institutions; deplores that Parliament is not in a position to develop its own Classified Information System (CIS) alone and notes that negotiations are ongoing with other institutions on this matter; expects these negotiations will help to identify the best means of enabling Parliament to receive restricted and non-classified briefings; invites the Secretary-General to present to the Committee on Budgets more information regarding the latest developments of these negotiations, before the Parliament's reading of the budget in autumn 2017;

17.   Welcomes the efforts to further digitise and computerise procedures; in this regard, encourages the introduction of more possibilities for the use of secure digital signature in administrative procedures in order to reduce the use of paper and save time;

18.   Welcomes the signature of a Memorandum of Understanding between the Belgian Government and the European Parliament, the Council, the Commission, the European External Action Service, and other institutions based in Brussels, on security clearance checks verifications for all external contractors’ staff wishing to access the Union institutions; invites the Secretary-General to consider the advisability of extending the application of this Memorandum of Understanding to officials, parliamentary assistants and stagiaires in order to allow the necessary security verifications before their recruitment;

Building policy

19.   Recalls that the last mid-term building strategy was adopted by the Bureau in 2010; questions why the Bureau has failed to present a long-term strategy for Parliament buildings during this legislature, despite the Parliament’s previous resolutions; invites the Secretary-General and Vice-Presidents to present to the Committee on Budgets the new mid-term strategy on buildings as soon as possible, before the Parliament's reading of the budget in autumn 2017;

20.   Reiterates its call for a transparent decision-making process in the field of buildings policy, based on early information, having due regard to Article 203 of the Financial Regulation; calls in this regard for more information on the extension of the WAYENBERG crèche;

21.   Calls for more information on the project to renovate the Paul Henri Spaak (PHS) building, specifically any opinions from independent external contractors on the possible options for the PHS, which has had a short lifespan of 25 years; calls for the Secretary-General to present the results of such a study to the Committee on Budgets as soon as possible; underlines that the existing building doesn't fulfil the static requirements of a public building for parliamentary functions which has higher security and needs to withstand external shocks without collapsing; criticises the fact that the PHS building doesn't fulfil even minimum standards of modern static requirements and notes that several actions have already had to be taken to guarantee its stability; urges therefore the Bureau and the administration of the Parliament to work on future solutions for the PHS building that secures life and healthy working conditions of the persons present; notes the level of appropriations proposed by the Secretary-General in 2018 concerning studies, preparatory projects and works, and the provision of assistance to the project management team; expresses concern at the possible confusion regarding the amounts to be spent on studies and removals; urges the Bureau and Secretary-General to inform the Committee on Budgets on all subsequent steps and provide a clear breakdown of costs as soon as possible and no later than July 2017; recalls that, in any case, there is a need to implement state-of-the art energy efficient architecture; calls for an assessment on how the renovation will impact the Visitors and Seminars Unit, the availability of the plenary chamber as well the other rooms and offices;

22.   Considers 2018 to be a critical year for the Konrad Adenauer (KAD) building, as it will mark the end of the work on the East site and the start of work on the West site; notes with concern that the budget allocated to cover the management of this large-scale project has had to be revised in order to strengthen the teams which monitor the progress of the work; notes the on-going practice of using the year-end 'mopping up transfer' (ramassage) to contribute to current building projects; considers that while this may be a pragmatic solution to reduce interest rate payments, it nevertheless exists in tension with the transparency of building projects within the Parliament's budget and could even incentivise over-budgeting in certain areas;

23.   Invites the Vice-Presidents responsible and the Secretary-General to present to the Committee on Budgets a progress report and estimates for finalising the works on the KAD building;

EMAS

24.   Recalls that Parliament committed to a 30 % reduction per FTE in its CO2 emissions by 2020 compared to 2006;

25.   Deems it of utmost importance, therefore, that Parliament sets itself new, more challenging, quantitative targets that should be regularly measured by the responsible services;

26.   Recalls Parliament’s commitment in the context of Directive 2012/27/EU on energy efficiency, "without prejudice to applicable budgetary and procurement rules, undertake to apply the same requirements to the buildings they own and occupy as those applicable to the buildings of Member States' central government under Articles 5 and 6" of that Directive, due to the high visibility of the buildings and the leading role it should play with regard to buildings' energy performance; underlines the urgency of compliance with this declaration, not at least for its own credibility in the currently ongoing revisions of the energy performance of buildings and the energy efficiency directives;

27.   Welcomes the creation of a Mobility Working Group which should work inclusively and be clearly mandated; underlines that Parliament has to conform with all regional applicable laws at the places of work, including in that area; advocates the promotion of use of the established direct train connection between the Brussels Parliament site and the airport; invites the responsible services to re-evaluate the composition and size of its own vehicle fleet against this background; calls on the Bureau to establish without delay an incentive scheme for promoting the use of bicycles for home-work commuting; notes that such a scheme is already established in other institutions, notably the European Economic and Social Committee;

Communication campaign for the 2019 European elections

28.   Welcomes the communication campaign as a helpful effort to explain the purpose of the Union and the Parliament to the citizens; underlines that this campaign should aim, among other things, at explaining the role of the European Union, the power of the Parliament, its functions, including the election of the President of the Commission, and its impact on the lives of citizens;

29.   Notes that in advance of the forthcoming 2019 European elections, preparatory work on the communication campaign is already due to begin this year; welcomes a shorter two year pre-election period for the communication campaign compared to the three year pre-election period for the 2014 European elections;

30.   Notes that the total amount of expenditure for the 2019 elections communication campaign is estimated at EUR 25 million in 2018 and EUR 8,33 million in 2019, with a higher amount of financial commitments required in 2018; highlights the importance of such communication campaigns, especially taking into consideration the current situation in the Union;

31.   Believes the Directorate-General for Communication (DG COMM) should act on the recommendations from the evaluation of the 2014 European election campaign(12) , and prioritise the collection of data for campaign projects, per unit, based on predefined key indicators in order to measure their impact, considering with care the root causes of the extremely low turnout in the 2014 elections;

Member-related issues

32.   Welcomes the work of the Parliament’s Secretariat, the Secretariats of the political groups and the offices of Members aimed at empowering Members in their mandates; encourages the continued development of those services which enhance Members’ ability to scrutinise the work of the Commission and Council and represent citizens;

33.   Acknowledges the advice and research provided to Members and committees through the European Parliamentary Research Service (EPRS) and the policy departments; recalls that a mid-term evaluation of the efficacy of the cooperation between the EPRS and the policy departments was provided for when the EPRS was created in 2013; recalls that a request to proceed to undertake such an evaluation and to present the results to the Committee on Budgets was adopted in the plenary vote of 14 April 2016(13) ;once again requests the Secretary-General to proceed to undertake such an evaluation and present the results thereof to the Committee on Budgets before Parliament's reading of the budget in autumn 2017; recalls that such an evaluation should contain proposals as to how to ensure that the support provided by EPRS is better articulated with developments in the respective thematic committees and does not overlap with their activities nor encourage competition between services; furthermore, expects that the evaluation will include detailed information on the external expertise, external studies and external support for Parliament's research activities, including the number and the costs of studies and expertise provided by Parliament's internal services and external providers; takes note of the four specific projects being developed over the medium-term in the European Parliament library, namely the digital library, improved resources for research, comparative law sources and open library; considers those projects as a means to improve support to both Members and staff, as well as to facilitate access to the external research community and citizens; notes the importance of those projects and the need to integrate them in the legislative work done by Members and staff;

34.   Recalls the decision taken by the Parliament with the 2017 EP budget procedure, which establishes the creation of a service for the interpretation, in International Sign language, of all plenary debates and calls upon the Administration to implement this decision with no further delay;

35.   Notes that the recently revised Rules of Procedure(14) have limited Members to a maximum of three oral explanations of vote per part-session, but remains concerned about the additional costs required for interpretation as well as for the translation of the explanation transcripts that they generate; urges the Secretary-General to provide a detailed breakdown of the costs related to oral explanations of vote; indicates the availability of alternatives such as written explanations of vote as well as a wealth of public communications facilities within Parliament’s premises for Members to explain their voting positions; calls, as an interim measure, for oral explanation of votes to be placed at the end of business each day on the plenary agenda, after the one minute speeches and other points on the agenda;

36.   Recalls the obligation on Members to inform the administration of any change in their declarations of interests;

37.   Disagrees with the need to change the furniture in the offices of Members and their assistants in Brussels; considers that the majority of this furniture is in proper condition and that therefore there is no reason to change it; considers that furniture should only be changed when there is a justified reason;

38.   In preparation for the ninth legislature, calls on the Secretary-General to submit to the Bureau a more precise list of expenses defrayable under the General Expenditure Allowance (GEA); recalls the principle of the independence of the mandate; underlines that it is possible for Members who wish to do so to publish their spending record of the GEA on their personal webpages; reiterates the appeal for greater transparency regarding the GEA, building on cases of best practice from national delegations in Parliament and Member States; believes that Members should also be able to provide links on Parliament’s website to places where they currently publish their spending records; reiterates that the improved transparency of the GEA should not require additional staff in Parliament's administration;

39.   Emphasises that the current budget line for parliamentary assistance is adequate and should not be increased beyond the indexation of salaries;

40.   Recalls the request, adopted by the plenary in its abovementioned resolution of 14 April 2016 on Parliament’s estimates for 2017, that the rules governing the reimbursement of mission expenses related to travel between Parliament's three working places and incurred by accredited parliamentary assistants (APAs) be revised in order to align them with the rules applicable to the rest of the staff, and regrets that, to date, no action has been taken in this regard; calls on the Bureau to address that issue without any further delay; meanwhile underlines that the current mission reimbursements ceilings for APAs (EUR 120/140/160) have not been adjusted since 2011 and that the discrepancy between APAs and other staff has further increased up to at least 40 % following the introduction of new ceilings approved by the Council on 9 September 2016 and so far only applied to staff officials as from 10 September 2016; calls therefore on the Bureau to take the necessary measures to remedy that inequality;

41.   Underlines that the resolution of this discrepancy in mission expenses does not entail an increase in the budget line for parliamentary assistance;

42.   Calls for a transparent and appropriate use of reimbursement of the Members' travel expenses and recommends incentivising the use of economy class both with regard to air transport and to rail transport;

43.   Calls on the Conference of Presidents and the Bureau to reconsider the possibility for APAs, subject to certain conditions, to accompany Members on official Parliament Delegations and Missions, as already requested by several Members; is of the view that Members should decide whether their assistants should accompany them on official delegations, using their parliamentary assistance allowance envelope;

Staff-related issues

44.   Pursuant to Point 27 of the IIA of 2 December 2013 on a progressive 5 % staff reduction applying to all institutions, bodies and agencies between 2013 and 2017, highlights that owing to specific needs arising in Parliament in 2014 and 2016, an agreement was reached with the Council on the draft general budget of the European Union for the financial year 2016(15) , in which Parliament's annual staff reduction measures are set to continue until 2019;

45.   Notes that, while political groups have been exempted from these annual staff reduction measures since 2014(16) , the conciliation agreement on the 2017 budget has led to a decrease in posts from the establishment plan of Parliament's Secretariat because of the non-respect of the gentleman's agreement by the Council;

46.   Recalls that the total level of staff in political groups is exempted from the 5 % staff reduction target in line with the decisions taken in respect of the financial years 2014, 2015, 2016 and 2017;

47.   Considers that the loss of 136 posts from Parliament’s Secretariat in 2016 may create difficulties for the provision of services by Parliament’s administration; calls on the Secretary-General to provide more information regarding staff reduction measures last year, and to evaluate the consequences of budgetary decisions on the functioning of the institution;

48.   Welcomes, in light of the staff reduction measures, the proposal to convert 50 permanent AST posts into 50 permanent AD posts, which has a negligible budgetary impact; notes in addition, the proposal to convert three temporary AST posts into three temporary AD posts in the President's cabinet;

49.   Calls on the Bureau to ensure that the social and pension rights of APAs are respected and that financial means are made available, in particular concerning those APAs that have been employed by Members without interruption for the last two legislative parliamentary terms; in this regard, invites the administration to put forward a proposal that takes into account the decision to have early election in 2014, as well as the time spent in the recruitment procedure when calculating the 10 years of service period set out in the Staff Regulations;

50.   Calls on the Bureau to propose a dismissal procedure by mutual consent between Members and APAs;

51.   Believes that, in a period in which the financial and personnel resources available to the Union institutions are likely to be increasingly constrained, it is important that the institutions themselves are able to recruit and retain the most able staff to meet the complex challenges ahead in a way consistent with the principles of performance based budgeting;

52.   Considers that interpretation and translation are essential to the functioning of the House and acknowledges the quality and added value of services provided by the interpreters; re-iterates Parliament's position expressed in its abovementioned resolution of 14 April 2016 that the Secretary-General should make further rationalisation proposals, such as extending the use of translation and interpretation on demand, particularly for Intergroups of the European Parliament, as well as examining the potential efficiency gains from utilising latest language technologies as a helping tool for interpreters, and assessing the impact of the revised framework for staff interpreters in improving resource-efficiency and productivity;

53.   Welcomes the continuation of measures taken by the Parliament to introduce Irish as a full official language by 1 January 2021; notes in this regard that no further posts will be required in 2018; nevertheless asks the Secretary-General to continue to consult Irish Members with a view to possible resource-efficiencies, without compromising the guaranteed rights of Members;

54.   Urges the Secretary-General to build on the existing cooperation agreements between the Parliament, the Committee of the Regions and the European Economic and Social Committee, with a view to identifying other areas in which back office functions could be shared; calls in addition, for the Secretary-General to undertake a study on possible synergies in back office functions and services that can also be made between the Parliament, the Commission and the Council;

European political parties and political foundations

55.   Recalls that European political parties and foundations contribute to forming European political awareness and increasing citizens’ understanding of the connection between the political process at the national and European levels;

56.   Considers that recent controversies surrounding the funding of some European political parties and some political foundations have exposed weaknesses in existing management and control systems;

57.   Believes that the entry into force of Regulations (EU, Euratom) No 1141/2014(17) and (EU, Euratom) No 1142/2014(18) will provide additional control mechanisms, such as the requirement to register with the Authority for European political parties and political foundations; considers however that there is further room for improvement to these measures; notes that parties and foundations will begin to apply for funding under the new rules in the budgetary year 2018;

58.   Highlights that a number of issues have been identified with the current system of co-financing, in which contributions and grants from the Parliament’s budget for both parties and foundations cannot exceed 85 % of eligible expenditure, with the remaining 15 % to be covered by own resources; notes for instance that shortfalls in membership contributions and donations are often balanced by contributions-in-kind;

Other issues

59.   Notes the ongoing dialogue between the European Parliament and national parliaments; calls on this to be strengthened in order to develop a better understanding of the contribution of the European Parliament and the Union in Member States;

60.   Notes the request for external studies and opinions in order to support the work of committees and other political bodies in analysing the possible impact of Brexit, including the budgetary consequences for Parliament; questions the necessity to call for external studies and opinions instead of having recourse to the wealth of research services within the Parliament; emphasises that until the negotiations on the UK's exit from the Union are concluded the UK remains a full member of the Union and all the rights and obligations of membership remain in force; underlines therefore that the decision of the UK to withdraw from the Union is unlikely to have an impact on the Parliament's 2018 budget;

61.   Recalls its resolution of 20 November 2013 on the location of the seats of the European Union’s Institutions(19) , which estimated the costs of the geographic dispersion of the Parliament to be between EUR 156 million and EUR 204 million and equivalent to 10% of the Parliament's budget; emphasises the environmental impact of the geographic dispersion is estimated to be between 11,000 to 19,000 tonnes of CO2 emissions; underlines the negative public perception caused by this dispersion, and therefore reiterates its position in calling for a roadmap to a single seat;

62.   Recalls its abovementioned resolution of 14 April 2016 on Parliament's estimates of revenue and expenditure for the financial year 2017; asks the implementation of a cooperation with television stations, social media and further partners in order to establish a European media hub for training purposes for young journalists;

63.   Calls upon the Secretary-General and the Bureau to instil a culture of performance-based budgeting across Parliament's administration, in line with the lean management approach in order to enhance efficiency and quality in the institution's internal work;

o
o   o

64.   Adopts the estimates for the financial year 2018;

65.   Instructs its President to forward this resolution and the estimates to the Council and the Commission.

(1) OJ L 298, 26.10.2012, p. 1.
(2) OJ L 347, 20.12.2013, p. 884.
(3) OJ C 373, 20.12.2013, p. 1.
(4) OJ L 287, 29.10.2013, p. 15.
(5) Texts adopted, P8_TA(2016)0132 .
(6) Texts adopted, P8_TA(2016)0411 .
(7) Texts adopted, P8_TA(2016)0475 .
(8) Texts adopted, P8_TA(2015)0172 .
(9) Texts adopted, P8_TA(2016)0132 .
(10) Texts adopted, P8_TA(2016)0411 .
(11) Texts adopted, P8_TA(2016)0484 .
(12) Deloitte, December 2015 study.
(13) See paragraph 22 of its resolution of 14 April 2016 (P8_TA(2016)0132 ).
(14) Texts adopted of 13 December 2016, P8_TA(2016)0484 - Rule 183(1).
(15) Texts adopted, P8_TA(2015)0407 .
(16) Texts adopted, P7_TA(2013)0437 ; Texts adopted, P8_TA(2014)0036 ; Texts adopted, P8_TA(2015)0376 ; Texts adopted, P8_TA(2016)0411 .
(17) Regulation (EU, Euratom) No 1141/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 October 2014 on the statute and funding of European political parties and European political foundations ( OJ L 317, 4.11.2014, p. 1).
(18) Regulation (EU, Euratom) No 1142/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 October 2014 amending Regulation (EU, Euratom) No 966/2012 as regards the financing of European political parties ( OJ L 317, 4.11.2014, p. 28).
(19) Texts adopted, P7_TA(2013)0498 .


Draft amending budget No 1/2017 accompanying the proposal to mobilise the EU Solidarity Fund to provide assistance to the United Kingdom, Cyprus and Portugal
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European Parliament resolution of 5 April 2017 on the Council position on Draft amending budget No 1/2017 to the general budget for 2017 accompanying the proposal to mobilise the European Union Solidarity Fund to provide assistance to the United Kingdom, Cyprus and Portugal (07003/2017 – C8-0130/2017 – 2017/2018(BUD) )
P8_TA(2017)0115 A8-0155/2017

The European Parliament,

–   having regard to Article 314 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,

–   having regard to Article 106a of the Treaty establishing the European Atomic Energy Community,

–   having regard to Regulation (EU, Euratom) No 966/2012 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 25 October 2012 on the financial rules applicable to the general budget of the Union and repealing Council Regulation (EC, Euratom) No 1605/2002(1) , and in particular Article 41 thereof,

–   having regard to the general budget of the European Union for the financial year 2017, as definitively adopted on 1 December 2016(2) ,

–   having regard to Council Regulation (EU, Euratom) No 1311/2013 of 2 December 2013 laying down the multiannual financial framework for the years 2014-2020(3) (MFF Regulation),

–   having regard to the Interinstitutional Agreement of 2 December 2013 between the European Parliament, the Council and the Commission on budgetary discipline, on cooperation in budgetary matters and on sound financial management(4) ,

–   having regard to Council Decision 2014/335/EU, Euratom of 26 May 2014 on the system of own resources of the European Union(5) ,

–   having regard to Draft amending budget No 1/2017, which the Commission adopted on 26 January 2017 (COM(2017)0046 ),

–   having regard to the position on Draft amending budget No 1/2017 which the Council adopted on 3 April 2017 and forwarded to Parliament on 3 April 2017 (07003/2017 – C8‑0130/2017 ),

–   having regard to Rules 88 and 91 of its Rules of Procedure,

–   having regard to the report of the Committee on Budgets (A8-0155/2017 ),

A.   whereas Draft amending budget No 1/2017 relates to the mobilisation of the European Union Solidarity Fund (EUSF) for an amount of EUR 71 524 810 in relation to the floods that occurred in the United Kingdom during December 2015 to January 2016, drought and fires in Cyprus between October 2015 and June 2016 and fires on the Portuguese island of Madeira in August 2016,

B.   whereas the purpose of Draft amending budget No 1/2017 is to formally enter this budgetary adjustment into the 2017 Union budget,

C.   whereas the Commission consequently proposes to amend the 2017 Union budget and increase Article 13 06 01 'Assistance to Member States in the event of a major natural disaster with serious repercussions on living conditions, the natural environment or the economy',

D.   whereas the EUSF is a special instrument as defined in the MFF Regulation, and the corresponding commitment and payments appropriations are to be budgeted over and above the MFF ceilings,

1.   Stresses the urgent need to release financial assistance through the EUSF to the regions affected by the natural disasters;

2.   Takes note of Draft amending budget No 1/2017, as submitted by the Commission;

3.   Approves the Council position on Draft amending budget No 1/2017;

4.   Instructs its President to declare that Amending budget No 1/2017 has been definitively adopted and arrange for its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union ;

5.   Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission, the Court of Auditors and the national parliaments.

(1) OJ L 298, 26.10.2012, p. 1.
(2) OJ L 51, 28.2.2017.
(3) OJ L 347, 20.12.2013, p. 884.
(4) OJ C 373, 20.12.2013, p. 1.
(5) OJ L 168, 7.6.2014, p. 105.


Mobilisation of the European Globalisation Adjustment Fund: EGF/2017/000 TA 2017 - Technical assistance at the initiative of the Commission
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Resolution
Annex
European Parliament resolution of 5 April 2017 on the proposal for a decision of the European Parliament and of the Council on mobilisation of the European Globalisation Adjustment Fund (EGF/2017/000 TA 2017 - Technical assistance at the initiative of the Commission) (COM(2017)0101 – C8-0097/2017 – 2017/2033(BUD) )
P8_TA(2017)0116 A8-0157/2017

The European Parliament,

–   having regard to the Commission proposal to the European Parliament and the Council (COM(2017)0101 – C8-0097/2017 ),

–   having regard to Regulation (EU) No 1309/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 December 2013 on the European Globalisation Adjustment Fund (2014-2020) and repealing Regulation (EC) No 1927/2006(1) (EGF Regulation),

–   having regard to Council Regulation (EU, Euratom) No 1311/2013 of 2 December 2013 laying down the multiannual financial framework for the years 2014-2020(2) , and in particular Article 12 thereof,

–   having regard to the Interinstitutional Agreement of 2 December 2013 between the European Parliament, the Council and the Commission on budgetary discipline, on cooperation in budgetary matters and on sound financial management(3) (IIA of 2 December 2013), and in particular point 13 thereof,

–   having regard to its resolution of 13 April 2016 on the proposal for a decision of the European Parliament and of the Council on the mobilisation of the European Globalisation Adjustment Fund (EGF/2016/000 TA 2016 – Technical assistance at the initiative of the Commission)(4) ,

–   having regard to the trilogue procedure provided for in point 13 of the IIA of 2 December 2013,

–   having regard to the letter of the Committee on Employment and Social Affairs,

–   having regard to the letter of the Committee on Regional Development,

–   having regard to the report of the Committee on Budgets (A8-0157/2017 ),

A.   whereas the Union has set up legislative and budgetary instruments to provide additional support to workers who are suffering from the consequences of major structural changes in world trade patterns or of the global financial and economic crisis and to assist their reintegration into the labour market;

B.   whereas the Union’s assistance to workers made redundant should be dynamic and made available as quickly and efficiently as possible, in accordance with the Joint Declaration of the European Parliament, the Council and the Commission adopted during the conciliation meeting on 17 July 2008, and having due regard to the IIA of 2 December 2013 in respect of the adoption of decisions to mobilise the European Globalisation Adjustment Fund (EGF);

C.   whereas the adoption of the EGF Regulation reflects the agreement reached between the Parliament and the Council to reintroduce the crisis mobilisation criterion, to increase the Union financial contribution to 60 % of the total estimated cost of proposed measures, to increase efficiency for the treatment of EGF applications in the Commission and by the Parliament and the Council by shortening the time for assessment and approval, to widen eligible actions and beneficiaries by introducing self-employed persons and young people and to finance incentives for setting up own businesses;

D.   whereas the maximum annual budget available for the EGF is EUR 150 million (2011 prices) and whereas Article 11(1) of the EGF Regulation states that 0,5 % of this amount (i.e. EUR 844 620 in 2017) can be made available for technical assistance at the initiative of the Commission in order to finance preparation, monitoring, data gathering and creation of a knowledge base, administrative and technical support, information and communication activities as well as audit, control and evaluation activities necessary to implement the EGF Regulation;

E.   whereas the European Parliament has repeatedly underlined the necessity of improved value added, efficiency and employability of beneficiaries of the EGF as a Union instrument of support to workers made redundant;

F.   whereas the proposed amount of EUR 310 000 corresponds to approximately 0,18 % of the maximum annual budget available for the EGF in 2017, which is EUR 70 000 less that in 2016;

1.   Agrees for the measures proposed by the Commission to be financed as technical assistance in accordance with Article 11(1) and (4) as well as with Article 12(2), (3) and (4) of the EGF Regulation;

2.   Welcomes the reduction in the 2017 funding request for EGF technical assistance as compared to 2016; considers that it is important to assess such requests as a percentage of the annual amounts that have been used for the EGF in previous years, and not only against the maximum that could be spent that year;

3.   Acknowledges the importance of monitoring and data gathering; recalls the importance of robust statistical series compiled in appropriate form to be easily accessible and understandable; welcomes the future release of the Biennial Reports of 2017 and asks for a public and wide diffusion of those reports throughout the Union;

4.   Recalls the importance of a dedicated website on the EGF to be accessible to all Union citizens; emphasises the importance of multilingualism when communicating broadly to the public; asks for a more user-friendly web environment and encourages the Commission to improve the content-value of its publications and audio-visual activities as provided for in Article 11(4) of the EGF Regulation;

5.   Welcomes the continued work on the standardised procedures for EGF applications and management using the functionalities of the electronic data exchange system (SFC 2014), which allows for the simplification and faster processing of applications, and better reporting; notes that the Commission has facilitated EGF financial operations by the creation of an interface between SFC and the accounting and financial information system ABAC; takes note that only further fine tuning and adjustments to possible changes are needed, limiting de facto the EGF contribution to that type of expenditure;

6.   Notes that the procedure to integrate the EGF into SFC2014 has been continuing for several years and that the relevant costs for the EGF budget have been relatively high; welcomes the reduction in costs compared to previous years, reflecting the fact that the project has now reached the stage of requiring only further fine tuning and adjustments;

7.   Recalls the importance of networking and exchange of information on the EGF, so as to spread best practice; supports, therefore, the funding of two meetings of the EGF Expert Group of Contact Persons and two networking seminars on EGF implementation; expects that this exchange of information will also contribute to better and more detailed reporting on the success rate of the applications in the Member States, in particular about the re-employment rate of beneficiaries;

8.   Takes note that the Commission intends to invest EUR 70 000 of the available budget under the technical assistance in holding two meetings of the Expert Group of Contact Persons of the EGF; notes also the intention of the Commission to invest EUR 120 000 to promote networking through seminars among Member States, EGF implementing bodies and social partners; welcomes the Commission’s readiness to invite Members of its EGF Working Group to participate in the recent EGF Networking Seminar that took place in Mons; calls on the Commission to continue to invite Parliament to such meetings and seminars in accordance with the relevant provisions of the Framework Agreement on relations between the European Parliament and the European Commission(5) ;

9.   Underlines the need to further enhance the liaising between all those involved in EGF applications, including, in particular, the social partners and stakeholders at regional and local level, to create as many synergies as possible; stresses that interaction between the National Contact Person and regional or local case delivery partners should be strengthened and communication and support arrangements and information flows (internal divisions, tasks and responsibilities) made explicit and agreed on by all partners concerned;

10.   Approves the decision annexed to this resolution;

11.   Instructs its President to sign the decision with the President of the Council and arrange for its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union ;

12.   Instructs its President to forward this resolution, including its annex, to the Council and the Commission.

ANNEX

DECISION OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL

on the mobilisation of the European Globalisation Adjustment Fund (EGF/2017/000 TA 2017 - Technical assistance at the initiative of the Commission)

(The text of this annex is not reproduced here since it corresponds to the final act, Decision (EU) 2017/742.)

(1) OJ L 347, 20.12.2013, p. 855.
(2) OJ L 347, 20.12.2013, p. 884.
(3) OJ C 373, 20.12.2013, p. 1.
(4) Texts adopted, P8_TA(2016)0112 .
(5) OJ L 304, 20.11.2010, p. 47.


Mobilisation of the EU Solidarity Fund to provide assistance to the United Kingdom, Cyprus and Portugal
PDF 243k   DOC 44k
Resolution
Annex
European Parliament resolution of 5 April 2017 on the proposal for a decision of the European Parliament and of the Council on the mobilisation of the European Union Solidarity Fund to provide assistance to the United Kingdom, Cyprus and Portugal (COM(2017)0045 – C8-0022/2017 – 2017/2017(BUD) )
P8_TA(2017)0117 A8-0154/2017

The European Parliament,

–   having regard to the Commission proposal to the European Parliament and the Council (COM(2017)0045 – C8‑0022/2017 ),

–   having regard to Council Regulation (EC) No 2012/2002 of 11 November 2002 establishing the European Union Solidarity Fund(1) ,

–   having regard to Council Regulation (EU, Euratom) No 1311/2013 of 2 December 2013 laying down the multiannual financial framework for the years 2014-2020(2) , and in particular Article 10 thereof,

–   having regard to the Interinstitutional Agreement of 2 December 2013 between the European Parliament, the Council and the Commission on budgetary discipline, on cooperation in budgetary matters and on sound financial management(3) , and in particular point 11 thereof,

–   having regard to the letter from the Committee on Regional Development,

–   having regard to the report of the Committee on Budgets (A8-0154/2017 ),

1.   Welcomes the decision as a sign of the Union’s solidarity with Union citizens and regions hit by the natural disasters;

2.   Approves the decision annexed to this resolution;

3.   Instructs its President to sign the decision with the President of the Council and arrange for its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union ;

4.   Instructs its President to forward this resolution, including its annex, to the Council and the Commission.

ANNEX

DECISION OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL

on the mobilisation of the European Union Solidarity Fund to provide assistance to the United Kingdom, Cyprus and Portugal

(The text of this annex is not reproduced here since it corresponds to the final act, Decision (EU) 2017/741.)

(1) OJ L 311, 14.11.2002, p. 3.
(2) OJ L 347, 20.12.2013, p. 884.
(3) OJ C 373, 20.12.2013, p. 1.


Automated data exchange with regard to dactyloscopic data in Latvia *
PDF 239k   DOC 42k
European Parliament legislative resolution of 5 April 2017 on the draft Council implementing decision on the automated data exchange with regard to dactyloscopic data in Latvia, and replacing Decision 2014/911/EU (13521/2016 – C8-0523/2016 – 2016/0818(CNS) ) (Consultation)
P8_TA(2017)0118 A8-0089/2017

The European Parliament,

–   having regard to the Council draft (13521/2016),

–   having regard to Article 39(1) of the Treaty on European Union, as amended by the Treaty of Amsterdam, and Article 9 of Protocol No 36 on transitional provisions, pursuant to which the Council consulted Parliament (C8‑0523/2016 ),

–   having regard to Council Decision 2008/615/JHA of 23 June 2008 on the stepping up of cross-border cooperation, particularly in combating terrorism and cross-border crime(1) , and in particular Article 33 thereof,

–   having regard to Rule 78c of its Rules of Procedure,

–   having regard to the report of the Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs (A8-0089/2017 ),

1.   Approves the Council draft;

2.   Calls on the Council to notify Parliament if it intends to depart from the text approved by Parliament;

3.   Asks the Council to consult Parliament again if it intends to substantially amend the text approved by Parliament;

4.   Instructs its President to forward its position to the Council and the Commission.

(1) OJ L 210, 6.8.2008, p. 1.


Automated data exchange with regard to DNA data in Slovakia, Portugal, Latvia, Lithuania, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Cyprus, Poland, Sweden, Malta and Belgium *
PDF 242k   DOC 42k
European Parliament legislative resolution of 5 April 2017 on the draft Council implementing decision on the automated data exchange with regard to DNA data in Slovakia, Portugal, Latvia, Lithuania, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Cyprus, Poland, Sweden, Malta and Belgium and replacing Decisions 2010/689/EU, 2011/472/EU, 2011/715/EU, 2011/887/EU, 2012/58/EU, 2012/299/EU, 2012/445/EU, 2012/673/EU, 2013/3/EU, 2013/148/EU, 2013/152/EU and 2014/410/EU (13525/2016 – C8-0522/2016 – 2016/0819(CNS) ) (Consultation)
P8_TA(2017)0119 A8-0091/2017

The European Parliament,

–   having regard to the Council draft (13525/2016),

–   having regard to Article 39(1) of the Treaty on European Union, as amended by the Treaty of Amsterdam, and Article 9 of Protocol No 36 on transitional provisions, pursuant to which the Council consulted Parliament (C8‑0522/2016 ),

–   having regard to Council Decision 2008/615/JHA of 23 June 2008 on the stepping up of cross-border cooperation, particularly in combating terrorism and cross-border crime(1) , and in particular Article 33 thereof,

–   having regard to Rule 78c of its Rules of Procedure,

–   having regard to the report of the Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs (A8-0091/2017 ),

1.   Approves the Council draft;

2.   Calls on the Council to notify Parliament if it intends to depart from the text approved by Parliament;

3.   Asks the Council to consult Parliament again if it intends to substantially amend the text approved by Parliament;

4.   Instructs its President to forward its position to the Council and the Commission.

(1) OJ L 210, 6.8.2008, p. 1.


Automated data exchange with regard to dactyloscopic data in Slovakia, Bulgaria, France, Czech Republic, Lithuania, the Netherlands, Hungary, Cyprus, Estonia, Malta, Romania and Finland *
PDF 243k   DOC 42k
European Parliament legislative resolution of 5 April 2017 on the draft Council implementing decision on the automated data exchange with regard to dactyloscopic data in Slovakia, Bulgaria, France, Czech Republic, Lithuania, the Netherlands, Hungary, Cyprus, Estonia, Malta, Romania and Finland and replacing Decisions 2010/682/EU, 2010/758/EU, 2011/355/EU, 2011/434/EU, 2011/888/EU, 2012/46/EU, 2012/446/EU, 2012/672/EU, 2012/710/EU, 2013/153/EU, 2013/229/EU and 2013/792/EU (13526/2016 – C8-0520/2016 – 2016/0820(CNS) ) (Consultation)
P8_TA(2017)0120 A8-0092/2017

The European Parliament,

–   having regard to the Council draft (13526/2016),

–   having regard to Article 39(1) of the Treaty on European Union, as amended by the Treaty of Amsterdam, and Article 9 of Protocol No 36 on transitional provisions, pursuant to which the Council consulted Parliament (C8‑0520/2016 ),

–   having regard to Council Decision 2008/615/JHA of 23 June 2008 on the stepping up of cross-border cooperation, particularly in combating terrorism and cross-border crime(1) , and in particular Article 33 thereof,

–   having regard to Rule 78c of its Rules of Procedure,

–   having regard to the report of the Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs (A8-0092/2017 ),

1.   Approves the Council draft;

2.   Calls on the Council to notify Parliament if it intends to depart from the text approved by Parliament;

3.   Asks the Council to consult Parliament again if it intends to substantially amend the text approved by Parliament;

4.   Instructs its President to forward its position to the Council and the Commission.

(1) OJ L 210, 6.8.2008, p. 1.


Automatic exchange of data concerning vehicles registered in Finland, Slovenia, Romania, Poland, Sweden, Lithuania, Bulgaria, Slovakia and Hungary *
PDF 244k   DOC 48k
European Parliament legislative resolution of 5 April 2017 on the draft Council implementing decision on the automated data exchange with regard to vehicle registration data in Finland, Slovenia, Romania, Poland, Sweden, Lithuania, Bulgaria, Slovakia and Hungary and replacing Decisions 2010/559/EU, 2011/387/EU, 2011/547/EU, 2012/236/EU, 2012/664/EU, 2012/713/EU, 2013/230/EU, 2013/692/EU and 2014/264/EU (13529/2016 – C8-0518/2016 – 2016/0821(CNS) ) (Consultation)
P8_TA(2017)0121 A8-0095/2017

The European Parliament,

–   having regard to the Council draft (13529/2016),

–   having regard to Article 39(1) of the Treaty on European Union, as amended by the Treaty of Amsterdam, and Article 9 of Protocol No 36 on transitional provisions, pursuant to which the Council consulted Parliament (C8‑0518/2016 ),

–   having regard to Council Decision 2008/615/JHA of 23 June 2008 on the stepping up of cross-border cooperation, particularly in combating terrorism and cross-border crime(1) , and in particular Article 33 thereof,

–   having regard to Rule 78c of its Rules of Procedure,

–   having regard to the report of the Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs (A8-0095/2017 ),

1.   Approves the Council draft;

2.   Calls on the Council to notify Parliament if it intends to depart from the text approved by Parliament;

3.   Asks the Council to consult Parliament again if it intends to substantially amend the text approved by Parliament;

4.   Instructs its President to forward its position to the Council and the Commission.

(1) OJ L 210, 6.8.2008, p. 1.


Automated data exchange with regard to vehicle registration data in Malta, Cyprus and Estonia *
PDF 241k   DOC 47k
European Parliament legislative resolution of 5 April 2017 on the draft Council implementing decision on the automated data exchange with regard to vehicle registration data in Malta, Cyprus and Estonia, and replacing Decisions 2014/731/EU, 2014/743/EU and 2014/744/EU (13499/2016 – C8-0519/2016 – 2016/0822(CNS) ) (Consultation)
P8_TA(2017)0122 A8-0090/2017

The European Parliament,

–   having regard to the Council draft (13499/2016),

–   having regard to Article 39(1) of the Treaty on European Union, as amended by the Treaty of Amsterdam, and Article 9 of Protocol No 36 on transitional provisions, pursuant to which the Council consulted Parliament (C8‑0519/2016 ),

–   having regard to Council Decision 2008/615/JHA of 23 June 2008 on the stepping up of cross-border cooperation, particularly in combating terrorism and cross-border crime(1) , and in particular Article 33 thereof,

–   having regard to Rule 78c of its Rules of Procedure,

–   having regard to the report of the Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs (A8-0090/2017 ),

1.   Approves the Council draft;

2.   Calls on the Council to notify Parliament if it intends to depart from the text approved by Parliament;

3.   Asks the Council to consult Parliament again if it intends to substantially amend the text approved by Parliament;

4.   Instructs its President to forward its position to the Council and the Commission.

(1) OJ L 210, 6.8.2008, p. 1.


Genetically modified maize Bt11 × 59122 × MIR604 × 1507 × GA21
PDF 283k   DOC 52k
European Parliament resolution of 5 April 2017 on the draft Commission implementing decision authorising the placing on the market of products containing, consisting of, or produced from genetically modified maize Bt11 × 59122 × MIR604 × 1507 × GA21, and genetically modified maizes combining two, three or four of the events Bt11, 59122, MIR604, 1507 and GA21, pursuant to Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003 of the European parliament and of the Council on genetically modified food and feed (D049280 – 2017/2624(RSP) )
P8_TA(2017)0123 B8-0236/2017

The European Parliament,

–   having regard to the draft Commission implementing decision authorising the placing on the market of products containing, consisting of, or produced from genetically modified maize Bt11 × 59122 × MIR604 × 1507 × GA21, and genetically modified maizes combining two, three or four of the events Bt11, 59122, MIR604, 1507 and GA21, pursuant to Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003 of the European parliament and of the Council on genetically modified food and feed (D049280),

–   having regard to Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 September 2003 on genetically modified food and feed(1) , and in particular 7(3), 9(2) and 21(2) thereof,

–   having regard to the vote of the Standing Committee on the Food Chain and Animal Health referred to in Article 35 of Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003, on 27 January 2017, where no opinion was delivered, and to the vote of the Appeal Committee on 27 March 2017, where again no opinion was delivered,

–   having regard to Articles 11 and 13 of Regulation (EU) No 182/2011 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 February 2011 laying down the rules and general principles concerning mechanisms for control by Member States of the Commission’s exercise of implementing powers(2) ,

–   having regard to the opinion adopted by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) on 15 July 2016(3) , which includes a minority opinion, and EFSA’s previous opinions on maize containing the single events, Bt11 (expressing Cry1Ab and PAT proteins), 59122 (expressing Cry34Ab1, Cry35Ab1 and PAT proteins), MIR604 (expressing mCry3A and PMI proteins), 1507 (producing Cry1F and PAT proteins) and GA21 (expressing mEPSPS protein),

–   having regard to the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Regulation (EU) No 182/2011 laying down the rules and general principles concerning mechanisms for control by Member States of the Commission’s exercise of implementing powers (COM(2017)0085 , COD(2017)0035),

–   having regard to its previous resolutions objecting to the authorisation of genetically modified organisms(4) ,

–   having regard to the motion for a resolution of the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety,

–   having regard to Rule 106(2) and (3) of its Rules of Procedure,

The application

A.   whereas on 1 July 2011 Syngenta submitted an application for the placing on the market of foods, food ingredients, and feed containing, consisting of, or produced from Bt11 × 59122 × MIR604 × 1507 × GA21 maize to the national competent authority of Germany in accordance with Articles 5 and 17 of Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003; whereas that application also covered the placing on the market of genetically modified maize Bt11 × 59122 × MIR604 × 1507 × GA21 in products consisting of it or containing it for uses other than food and feed as any other maize, with the exception of cultivation;

B.   whereas on 21 February 2014 Syngenta extended the scope of the application to all sub-combinations of the single genetic modification events constituting Bt11 × 59122 × MIR604 × 1507 × GA21 maize, except the sub-combination 1507 × 59122, which was already authorised by Commission Decision 2010/432/EU(5) ;

C.   whereas on 31 March 2016 Syngenta updated the scope of the application by excluding the following four sub-combinations, which were in the scope of another application: Bt11 × GA21 maize, MIR604 × GA21 maize, Bt11 × MIR604 maize, and Bt11 × MIR604 × GA21(6) ;

D.   whereas no specific data regarding any of the 20 sub-combinations have been submitted by the applicant(7) ;

E.   whereas the intended uses of the five-event stack are to control lepidopteran and coleopteran maize pests and provide tolerance to herbicides containing glufosinate ammonium or glyphosate(8) ; whereas the intended uses of the different sub-combinations are similar, depending on the combinations;

The EFSA opinion

F.   whereas on 26 August 2016, the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) gave a favourable opinion in accordance with Articles 6 and 18 of Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003 with regard to the GM-maize Bt11 × 59122 × MIR604 × 1507 × GA21 and all of the sub-combinations covered by the scope of the application; whereas the EFSA opinion included a minority opinion;

G.   whereas EFSA acknowledges that no specific data have been submitted for all 20 sub-combinations, that many of them have not even been created yet, and that no scientific information regarding them could be retrieved in a literature search, but nevertheless concludes that all 20 sub-combinations are ‘expected to be as safe as the five-event stack maize’;

H.   whereas EFSA does not consider any post-market monitoring for the GM-events concerned to be necessary; whereas EFSA merely states that the requirement for monitoring should be considered on the basis of the new protein expression data provided, if these sub-combinations were to be created via targeted breeding approaches and imported into the Union;

Concerns

I.   whereas hundreds of critical comments have been submitted by Member States during the three-month consultation period(9) ; whereas those comments refer to, inter alia : missing information and data, poorly performed studies, missing studies, missing evidence to exclude certain routes of exposure, an insufficient data basis, e.g. as regards digestibility, missing consideration of the combined effects of the different Bt toxin proteins when judging the potential for allergenicity and toxicity, shortcomings as regards the experimental design of the field trials and the statistical analysis, missing reports on the results of the monitoring, failure to demonstrate that the product does not have any adverse effects on the environment, failure to further assess detected statistically significant differences, e.g. in nutritional composition, and failure to conduct immunological tests with regard to a potentially higher allergenic potential;

J.   whereas a minority opinion was expressed by Jean-Michel Wal, Member of the EFSA GMO Panel(10) , stating that: ‘no specific data regarding any of those 20 sub-combinations have been provided by the Applicant, who also did not give a satisfactory rationale explaining the reasons why those data are missing and/or why he would consider that they are not necessary for the risk assessment. This is a most important reason for expression of this minority opinion, considering that there cannot be two kinds of risk assessment, a comprehensive one based on a complete set of data and another one for which no specific data at all are available and which is based on assumptions and indirect considerations deduced by the Panel by the so called “weight of evidence approach” and extrapolation of data obtained for the single events, the five-event stack and other stacks that were submitted and assessed in other applications. In addition to this matter of principle, in the present case, this may result in uncontrolled risk for the health of human consumers in certain segments of the population.’;

K.   whereas, more specifically, the minority opinion questions why the kind of extrapolation made to assess potential adverse effects is not precisely defined: ‘The criteria, procedure and the level of confidence that should be required for this extrapolation are not given and there is no critical appraisal of its limitations. No evaluation of the resulting uncertainty has been performed, e.g. using a probabilistic analysis, as recommended by the Draft Guidance on Uncertainty in EFSA Scientific Assessment (Revised for Internal Testing) of the EFSA Scientific Committee. These weaknesses may invalidate the general conclusion.’;

L.   whereas the EFSA minority opinion also points to several shortcomings and contradictory arguments with regard to the application, e.g. the fact that the applicant on the one hand alludes to the fact that all sub-combinations had been produced, and its protein expression level had been analysed(11) , but on the other hand does not provide any data on any of the sub-combinations;

M.   whereas the genetically modified maize varieties SYN-BTØ11-1, DAS-59122-7 and DAS-Ø15Ø7-1 involved express a PAT-protein which confers tolerance to the glufosinate-ammonium herbicide; whereas glufosinate is classified as toxic to reproduction and thus falls under the exclusion criteria set out in Regulation (EC) No 1107/2009; whereas the approval of glufosinate expires on 31 July 2018(12) ;

N.   whereas the genetically modified MON-ØØØ21-9 maize, as described in the application, expresses the mEPSPS protein which confers tolerance to glyphosate herbicides; whereas the International Agency for Research on Cancer – the specialised cancer agency of the World Health Organisation – classified glyphosate as probably carcinogenic to humans on 20 March 2015(13) ;

The procedure

O.   whereas the vote of the Standing Committee on the Food Chain and Animal Health referred to in Article 35 of Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003 on 27 January 2017 delivered no opinion; whereas only 10 Member States, representing only 38,43°% of the Union population voted in favour, while 13 Member States voted against, with four Member States abstaining,; whereas the vote of the Appeal Committee on 27 March 2017 again delivered no opinion;

P.   whereas, in both the explanatory memorandum of its legislative proposal presented on 22 April 2015 amending Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003 as regards the possibility for the Member States to restrict or prohibit the use of genetically modified food and feed on their territory and in the explanatory memorandum of the legislative proposal presented on 14 February 2017 amending Regulation (EU) No 182/2011, the Commission deplored the fact that, since the entry into force of Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003, authorisation decisions have been adopted by the Commission without the support of the Member States’ committee opinion and that the return of the dossier to the Commission for final decision, which is very much the exception for the procedure as a whole, has become the norm for decision-making on genetically modified food and feed authorisations; whereas this practice has, on several occasions, been deplored by Commission President Juncker as not being democratic(14) ;

Q.   whereas the legislative proposal of 22 April 2015 amending Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003 was rejected by Parliament on 28 October 2015 on the grounds that, while cultivation necessarily takes place on a Member State’s territory, GMO trade crosses borders, which means that a national ‘sales and use’ ban proposed by the Commission could be impossible to enforce without reintroducing border checks on imports; whereas the Parliament not only rejected the legislative proposal, but also called on the Commission to withdraw its proposal and submit a new one;

R.   whereas it is already the case that Recital 14 of Regulation (EU) No 182/2011 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 February 2011 laying down the rules and general principles concerning mechanisms for control by Member States of the Commission’s exercise of implementing powers clearly rules that: ‘When considering the adoption of other draft implementing acts concerning particularly sensitive sectors, notably taxation, consumer health, food safety and protection of the environment, the Commission, in order to find a balanced solution, will, as far as possible, act in such a way as to avoid going against any predominant position which might emerge within the appeal committee against the appropriateness of an implementing act.’(15) ;

1.   Considers that the draft Commission implementing decision exceeds the implementing powers provided for in Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003;

2.   Considers that the Commission implementing decision is not consistent with Union law, in that it is not compatible with the aim of Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003 which is, in accordance with the general principles laid down in Regulation (EC) No 178/2002(16) , to provide the basis for ensuring a high level of protection of human life and health, animal health and welfare, environment and consumer interests in relation to genetically modified food and feed, whilst ensuring the effective functioning of the internal market;

3.   Considers, more specifically, that it runs contrary to the principles of the general food law, as laid down in Regulation (EC) No 178/2002, to approve varieties for which no safety data have been provided, which have not even been tested, or which have not even been created yet;

4.   Calls on the Commission to withdraw its draft implementing decision;

5.   Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council and the Commission, and to the governments and parliaments of the Member States.

(1) OJ L 268, 18.10.2003, p. 1.
(2) OJ L 55, 28.2.2011, p. 13.
(3) EFSA GMO Panel (EFSA Panel on Genetically Modified Organisms), 2016. Scientific Opinion on an application by Syngenta (EFSA-GMO-DE-2011-99) for the placing on the market of maize Bt11 × 59122 × MIR604 × 1507 × GA21 and twenty sub‑combinations, which have not been authorised previously independently of their origin, for food and feed uses, import and processing under Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003; EFSA Journal 2016;14(8):4567 [31 pp.]; doi:10.2903/j.efsa.2016.4567
(4)——————————— - resolution of 16 January 2014 on the proposal for a Council decision concerning the placing on the market for cultivation, in accordance with Directive 2001/18/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council, of a maize product (Zea mays L., line 1507) genetically modified for resistance to certain lepidopteran pests (OJ C 482, 23.12.2016, p. 110),resolution of 16 December 2015 on the Commission Implementing Decision (EU) 2015/2279 of 4 December 2015 authorising the placing on the market of products containing, consisting of, or produced from genetically modified maize NK603 × T25 (P8_TA(2015)0456 ),resolution of 3 February 2016 on the draft Commission implementing decision authorising the placing on the market of products containing, consisting of, or produced from genetically modified soybean MON 87705 × MON 89788 (P8_TA(2016)0040 ),resolution of 3 February 2016 on the draft Commission implementing decision authorising the placing on the market of products containing, consisting of, or produced from genetically modified soybean MON 87708 × MON 89788 (P8_TA(2016)0039 ),resolution of 3 February 2016 on the draft Commission implementing decision authorising the placing on the market of products containing, consisting of, or produced from genetically modified soybean FG72 (MST-FGØ72-2) (P8_TA(2016)0038 ),resolution of 8 June 2016 on the draft Commission implementing decision authorising the placing on the market of products containing, consisting of, or produced from genetically modified maize Bt11 × MIR162 × MIR604 × GA21, and genetically modified maizes combining two or three of those events (P8_TA(2016)0271 ),resolution of 8 June 2016 on the draft Commission implementing decision as regards the placing on the market of a genetically modified carnation (Dianthus caryophyllus L., line SHD-27531-4) (P8_TA(2016)0272 ),resolution of 6 October 2016 on the draft Commission implementing decision renewing the authorisation for the placing on the market for cultivation of genetically modified maize MON 810 seeds (P8_TA(2016)0388 ),resolution of 6 October 2016 on the draft Commission implementing decision authorising the placing on the market of genetically modified maize MON 810 products (P8_TA(2016)0389 ),resolution of 6 October 2016 on the draft Commission implementing decision concerning the placing on the market for cultivation of genetically modified maize Bt11 seeds (P8_TA(2016)0386 ),resolution of 6 October 2016 on the draft Commission implementing decision concerning the placing on the market for cultivation of genetically modified maize 1507 seeds (P8_TA(2016)0387 ),resolution of 6 October 2016 on the draft Commission implementing decision authorising the placing on the market of products containing, consisting of, or produced from genetically modified cotton 281-24-236 × 3006-210-23 × MON 88913 (P8_TA(2016)0390 ).
(5) Commission Decision 2010/432/EU of 28 July 2010 authorising the placing on the market of products containing, consisting of, or produced from genetically modified maize 1507x59122 (DAS-Ø15Ø7-1xDAS-59122-7) pursuant to Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003 of the European Parliament and of the Council (OJ L 202, 4.8.2010, p. 11).
(6) Commission Implementing Decision (EU) 2016/1685 of 16 September 2016 authorising the placing on the market of products containing, consisting of, or produced from genetically modified maize Bt11 × MIR162 × MIR604 × GA21, and genetically modified maizes combining two or three of the events Bt11, MIR162, MIR604 and GA21, and repealing Decisions 2010/426/EU, 2011/892/EU, 2011/893/EU and 2011/894/EU (OJ L 254, 20.9.2016, p. 22).
(7) As confirmed in the EFSA opinion referred to above (EFSA Journal 2016;14(8):4567 [31 pp.]).
(8) SYN-BTØ11-1 maize expresses the Cry1Ab protein which confers protection against certain lepidopteran pests and a PAT protein which confers tolerance to glufosinate-ammonium herbicides.DAS-59122-7 maize expresses the Cry34Ab1 and Cry35Ab1 proteins which confer protection against certain coleopteran pests and a PAT protein which confers tolerance to glufosinate-ammonium herbicides.SYN-IR6Ø4-5 maize expresses the modified Cry3A protein which provides protection against certain coleopteran pests and PMI protein which was used as a selectable marker.DAS-Ø15Ø7-1 maize expresses the Cry1F protein which confers protection against certain lepidopteran pests and the PAT protein, used as a selectable marker, which confers tolerance to the glufosinate-ammonium herbicide.MON-ØØØ21-9 maize expresses the mEPSPS protein which confers tolerance to glyphosate herbicides.
(9) See EFSA Register of Questions, Annex G to Question Number EFSA-Q-2011-00894, available online at: http://registerofquestions.efsa.europa.eu/roqFrontend/questionDocumentsLoader?question=EFSA-Q-2011-00894 (last point).
(10) See Appendix A of the EFSA opinion.
(11) The application states that ‘the Bt11 × 59122 × MIR604 × 1507 × GA21 maize and all of its sub-combinations independently of their origin have been produced by conventional breeding crosses (...) (point ii)’, and ‘the analysis of the protein expression level confirms that the crossing of the GM maize single events (...) results in no interaction between them in Bt11 × 59122 × MIR604 × 1507 × GA21 maize or the sub-combinations of fewer of these events independently of their origin. (point x)’.
(12) http://ec.europa.eu/food/plant/pesticides/eu-pesticides-database/public/?event=activesubstance.detail&language=EN&selectedID=1436
(13) IARC Monographs Volume 112: evaluation of five organophosphate insecticides and herbicides, 20 March 2015 (http://monographs.iarc.fr/ENG/Monographs/vol112/mono112.pdf ).
(14) E.g. in the Opening Statement at the European Parliament plenary session included in the political guidelines for the next European Commission (Strasbourg, 15 July 2014) or in the State of the Union Address 2016 (Strasbourg, 14 September 2016).
(15) OJ L 55, 28.2.2011, p. 13.
(16) OJ L 31, 1.2.2002, p. 1.


Addressing refugee and migrant movements: the role of EU external action
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European Parliament resolution of 5 April 2017 on addressing refugee and migrant movements: the role of EU External Action (2015/2342(INI) )
P8_TA(2017)0124 A8-0045/2017

The European Parliament,

–   having regard to Articles 3, 8 and 21 of the Treaty on European Union (TEU) and to Articles 80, 208 and 216 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU),

–   having regard to the Global Strategy for the European Union’s Foreign and Security Policy published in June 2016,

—   having regard to the Commission communications entitled: ‘A European Agenda on Migration’ of 13 May 2015 (COM(2015)0240 ); ‘Forced Displacement and Development’ of 26 April 2016 (COM(2016)0234 ); ‘Establishing a new Partnership Framework with third countries under the European Agenda on Migration’ of 7 June 2016 (COM(2016)0385 ); and ‘Strengthening European investments for jobs and growth: Towards a second phase of the European Fund for Strategic Investments and a new European External Investment Plan’ of 14 September 2016 (COM(2016)0581 ); and to the Joint Communications from the European Commission and the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy entitled: ‘Addressing the Refugee Crisis in Europe: The Role of EU External Action’ of 9 September 2015 (JOIN(2015)0040 ); ‘Migration on the Central Mediterranean Route: Managing flows, saving lives’ of 25 January 2017 (JOIN(2017)0004 ); and ‘Review of the European Neighbourhood Policy’ of 18 November 2015 (JOIN(2015)0050 ),

—   having regard to the General Affairs Council conclusions on the Global Approach to Migration and Mobility (GAMM) of 3 May 2012,

—   having regard to the European Council conclusions on migration of 25-26 June, 15 October and 17-18 December 2015 and of 17-18 March and 28 June 2016,

—   having regard to the Foreign Affairs Council conclusions on migration in EU development cooperation of 12 December 2014, on migration of 12 October 2015, on the EU approach to forced displacement and development of 12 May 2016 and on external aspects of migration of 23 May 2016,

–   having regard to the Foreign Affairs Council conclusions on the future partnership priorities and compacts with Jordan and Lebanon of 17 October 2016,

—   having regard to the Declaration of the High-Level Conference on the Eastern Mediterranean/Western Balkans route of 8 October 2015,

—   having regard to the Political Declaration and Action Plan of the Valletta Summit of 11-12 November 2015,

–   having regard to the conclusions of the Bratislava Summit of 16 September 2016,

—   having regard to the European Court of Auditors Special Report (9/2016) on ‘EU external migration spending in Southern Mediterranean and Eastern Neighbourhood countries until 2014’,

—   having regard to the UN Convention and Protocol relating to the Status of Refugees, and to the core international human rights conventions, the European Convention on Human Rights and the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights,

–   having regard to the Geneva Conventions and their Additional Protocols regulating the conduct of armed conflict and seeking to limit its effects,

—   having regard to the outcome document of the United Nations Summit on Sustainable Development of 25 September 2015 entitled ‘Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development’,

—   having regard to the New York Declaration for Refugees and Migrants of the United Nations General Assembly High-Level Meeting to Address Large Movements of Refugees and Migrants of 19 September 2016 and the annexes thereto on a ‘Comprehensive refugee response framework’ and ‘Towards a global compact for safe, orderly and regular migration’,

–   having regard to its previous resolutions, in particular those of 9 July 2015 on the review of the European Neighbourhood Policy(1) , of 8 March 2016 on the situation of women refugees and asylum seekers in the EU(2) , of 12 April 2016 on the situation in the Mediterranean and the need for a holistic EU approach to migration(3) , of 13 September 2016 on the EU Trust Fund for Africa: implications for development and humanitarian aid(4) , and of 25 October 2016 on human rights and migration in third countries(5) ,

—   having regard to Rule 52 of its Rules of Procedure,

–   having regard to the joint deliberations of the Committee on Foreign Affairs and the Committee on Development under Rule 55 of the Rules of Procedure,

–   having regard to the report of the Committee on Foreign Affairs and the Committee on Development and the opinions of the Committee on Budgets and the Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs (A8-0045/2017 ),

A.   whereas migration is a human right enshrined in Article 13 of the UN Declaration of Human Rights; whereas people should have the right to live their lives in their home country and in the region in which they have been born and grown up and where they have their cultural and social roots;

B.   whereas human mobility is at an unprecedentedly high level, with 244 million international migrants, owing to various reasons, migrating both voluntarily and involuntarily; whereas such international migration occurs primarily within the same region and between developing countries; whereas, according to the International Organisation for Migration (IOM), migrant women make up the majority of international migrants in Europe (52,4 %) and North America (51,2 %); whereas South-South migration flows have continued to grow compared to South-North movements: in 2015, 90,2 million international migrants born in developing countries resided in other countries in the Global South, while 85,3 million born in the South resided in countries in the Global North;

C.   whereas an ever-increasing number of unaccompanied minors are crossing the Mediterranean, and, despite the increasing number of rescue operations, the number of deaths in the Mediterranean is still on the rise (5 079 for 2016 as against 3 777 for 2015, according to the IOM);

D.   whereas according to the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), in 2015 a record-high number of 65,3 million people – including 40,8 million internally displaced persons (IDPs) and 21,3 million refugees – remain forcibly displaced because of conflicts, violence, human rights violations, violations of international humanitarian law and destabilisation; whereas this has occurred in addition to those displaced on account of natural disasters, inequalities, poverty, poor socio-economic prospects, climate change, the lack of serious and effective long-term development policies and the lack of political will to firmly tackle the structural problems underpinning those migration flows; whereas, according to the UNHCR, there are at least 10 million stateless persons;

E.   whereas the current data available reveal that the number of refugees has increased by more than 50 % in the last five years; whereas this staggering increase is explained by a number of elements, including the fact that the voluntary repatriation of refugees has been at its lowest level since the 1980s, that the number of refugees offered local integration possibilities remains limited, and that resettlement numbers are steady at around 100 000 annually;

F.   whereas 6,7 million refugees are living in protracted displacement situations – estimated to last about 26 years on average – with a total lack of prospects; whereas durable solutions to displacement remain unacceptably low, which makes it necessary to view forced displacement as a political and development challenge, not an exclusively humanitarian one;

G.   whereas this global challenge requires a holistic and multilateral approach based on international cooperation and synergies, as well as coordinated and concrete solutions which should not be only reactionary but anticipate possible future crises; whereas 86°% of the world’s refugees live in impoverished regions, with least developed countries hosting 26 % of the total and thus suffering from stretched capacities and further destabilisation of their own social and economic cohesion and development; whereas those countries only very rarely have instruments to protect migrants’ rights, and do not even have instruments in the field of asylum; whereas the million people who arrived in the EU in 2015 represented 0,2 % of the EU population, compared with much higher percentages (up to 20 %) in neighbouring countries or in Europe during the 1990s;

H.   whereas refugees, internally displaced persons and migrants are legally distinct categories but in reality often large-scale mixed movements of people occur because of a variety of political, economic, social, developmental, humanitarian and human rights implications that cut across borders; whereas the human dignity of all the people involved in these movements must be at the centre of all European policies concerning such matters; whereas, moreover, refugees and asylum-seekers must always be treated in accordance with their status and under no circumstances should they be denied the benefit of the rights stemming from the relevant international conventions and the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union; whereas the legal distinction between refugees and migrants should not be taken to indicate that migration for economic reasons or for seeking a better life is less legitimate than for fleeing persecution; whereas in most cases both political and economic rights, among other core human rights, are threatened in situations of conflict, instability or unrest and continue to be challenged as a result of forcible displacement;

I.   whereas the ongoing food and nutrition crisis in the Sahel causes the erosion of people’s resilience, aggravated by the rapid succession of crises, the absence of basic services and the conflicts in the region; whereas this situation will cause further migration;

J.   whereas at each stage of their journey, migrants are exposed to all kinds of physical and psychological dangers, including violence, exploitation, trafficking and sexual and gender-based abuse; whereas this is particularly the case for vulnerable people, such as women (e.g. women heads of household or pregnant women), children – whether unaccompanied, separated or accompanied by their families – LGBTI people, people with disabilities, people in need of urgent medical treatment and the elderly; whereas these vulnerable groups should be urgently granted humanitarian protection and access to protection and referral mechanisms, to residence status and to basic services including healthcare as part of their resettlement or while their applications for asylum are being considered in accordance with applicable law;

K.   whereas the increase in human mobility, if managed in a safe, orderly, regular, responsible and pre-emptive manner, can mitigate migrants’ and refugees’ exposure to harm, can provide significant benefits to host countries and migrants alike, as recognised by the 2030 Agenda, and can also act as a great factor of growth for host countries, including the EU; whereas these benefits are often largely underestimated; whereas the EU must produce workable solutions, including making use of foreign workers, in anticipation of increasing European population ageing, in order to guarantee a balance between persons in remunerative work and non-active populations and to meet specific labour-market needs;

L.   whereas the EU response has mobilised different internal and external instruments, but appears to have been excessively focussed on the short term and on reducing or stopping movements; whereas this short-term approach addresses neither the causes of forced displacement and migration nor the humanitarian needs of migrants; whereas further improvements are needed in the EU response on crisis management and conflict prevention tools, as violent conflicts constitute the main root cause of forced displacement;

M.   whereas the European Court of Auditors has expressed serious doubts about the effectiveness of the EU’s external migration spending, including on projects regarding the human rights of migrants; whereas the Court also found that security and border protection were the predominant element in European migration spending;

N.   whereas humanitarian aid based on needs and respect of the principles of humanity, neutrality, impartiality and independence, as well on compliance with international humanitarian law and the human rights provided by the Geneva Conventions and the additional protocols thereto, must be at the core of all EU external action; whereas aid independence – i.e. aid that is free from any political, economic or security considerations or any type of discrimination – must prevail;

O.   whereas the successful implementation of a human rights-based migration policy requires challenging negative perceptions of migration and the development of positive narratives to depict migration movements as an opportunity for host countries, in order to counter extremism and populism;

P.   whereas the EU has a responsibility to support its implementing partners in carrying out rapid, effective and high quality assistance and protection, and should be accountable to the populations affected; whereas, in that regard, the EU’s partners require timely and predictable funding, and decisions on the allocation of funding for changing or new priorities should allow them sufficient time for planning and mitigation measures;

Q.   whereas decentralised cooperation can help in gaining a better grasp of the needs and cultures of IDPs, migrants and refugees and raise awareness among the local population about the challenges faced by migrants in their countries of origin; whereas local and regional European governments can play a key role in helping address these root causes, through capacity-building;

R.   whereas Article 21 of the Treaty on European Union explicitly states that the ‘Union's action on the international scene shall be guided by the principles which have inspired its own creation, development and enlargement, and which it seeks to advance in the wider world: democracy, the rule of law, the universality and indivisibility of human rights and fundamental freedoms, respect for human dignity, the principles of equality and solidarity, and respect for the principles of the United Nations Charter and international law’; whereas, according to Article 208 of the Lisbon Treaty, development assistance aims at reducing and eventually eradicating poverty in third countries;

Comprehensive and principled EU action to respond to mobility challenges

1.   Underlines that in today’s world we are witnessing an unprecedented level of human mobility, and stresses that the international community must urgently undertake the strengthening of a common response to address the challenges and opportunities that this phenomenon represents; stresses that this response must be founded on the principle of solidarity and should not focus only on a security-based approach, but be guided by the full protection of the rights and dignity of everyone forced by any circumstance to leave their homes in search of a better and safer life; emphasises that any response should pay particular attention to those who are most vulnerable and include the provision of assistance in their home country; underlines that, though their treatment is governed by separate legal frameworks, refugees and migrants have the same universal human rights and fundamental freedoms, which need to be safeguarded regardless of their legal status; recalls that the EU must abide by its values and principles in all common policies and promote them in its external relations, including those set out in Article 21 of the Treaty on European Union; highlights the need for consistency in the EU’s external policies and other policies with an external dimension;

2.   Stresses that this high level of human mobility arises from multiple complex causes that require evidence-based decisions to differentiate its elements and develop targeted policy responses; underlines the need for the EU and its Member States to take this current reality into account and to develop a new approach to the movement of people based on real data and the EU’s interests, by fostering the resilience of people and increasing their access to basic services, notably education, and their integration and contribution to local contexts by providing opportunities for employment and self-employment;

3.   Stresses that international migration can contribute to socioeconomic development, as it has done historically, and that the narrative employed in relation to this must be a positive one that promotes a genuine and objective understanding of the issue and of the related common benefits, in order to counter xenophobic, populist and nationalistic discourses; welcomes, therefore the ‘Together’ campaign launched by the UN to reduce negative perceptions and attitudes towards refugees and migrants and calls on the EU institutions to fully cooperate with the UN in support of this campaign; highlights the need to adopt global, European, national and local policies focused on the medium and long term and not exclusively guided by immediate political pressures or national electoral considerations; stresses that these policies must be coherent, meaningful, inclusive and flexible with the aim of regulating migration as a regular human phenomenon and addressing legitimate concerns regarding border management, social protection for vulnerable groups and the social inclusion of refugees and migrants;

4.   Stresses that the humanitarian aid system is extremely overstretched and that its financial resources will never be sufficient to respond to forced displacement crises, particularly given the protracted nature of a majority of them; takes note therefore of the new policy framework outlined in the Commission communication on ‘Forced Displacement and Development’ of April 2016 as a step in the right direction and calls on the EEAS and the Commission to implement its content within the new Partnership Framework with third countries; notes the importance of a comprehensive and more sustainable approach on migration, including the promotion of closer humanitarian-development links and the need to engage with different partners – regional actors, governments, local authorities, the diaspora, civil society, including refugee and migrant organisations, local religious organisations and relevant NGOs, and the private sector – to develop targeted evidence-based strategies to tackle this challenge while recognising that humanitarian aid is not a crisis management tool as stated in the EU Consensus for Humanitarian Aid;

5.   Stresses that EU development cooperation should continue to address and effectively tackle the root causes of forced displacement and migration – namely armed conflict, persecution on any grounds, gender-based violence, bad governance, poverty, lack of economic opportunities and climate change – by combating state fragility, by promoting peace and security, conflict resolution and post-conflict reconciliation processes, justice, and equity, and by strengthening institutions, administrative capacity, democracy, good governance, the rule of law and respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms, in line with Sustainable Development Goal 16 in the new 2030 Agenda and the principles laid down in the United Nations Charter and international law;

6.   Highlights the need to focus on the socioeconomic aspects of the migration phenomenon, to carry out the necessary analyses per country of the root causes of forced displacement and migration, and to encourage the countries of origin to adopt and implement measures and policies that lead to the creation of decent jobs and real economic opportunities in order to make migration a choice and not a necessity; calls on the EU to continue policies that seek to reduce and ultimately eradicate poverty, combat inequality and food insecurity, promote economic development, fight corruption and strengthen basic public services; notes that a successful policy should recognise the need to create economic resilience in both host and origin countries; underscores the need to improve policy coherence for development (PCD);

7.   Underlines that jobs and economic opportunities are critical to mitigating the impact of displacement-induced vulnerabilities; calls on the EU to help migrants and refugees to move to places offering such opportunities, to help create opportunities in their place of exile (including by removing the barriers and obstacles impeding access to the labour market) and to help them develop new skills more attuned to the needs of the local labour market;

8.   Welcomes the EU’s commitment to humanitarian assistance – as the world’s largest donor – with the aim of improving the living conditions of refugees; urges the EU and its Member States to fulfil the pledges already made and to increase their financial commitments in line with the rise in humanitarian needs; notes that the humanitarian response will always be the first element of any response to displacement crises; stresses that international law and the humanitarian principles of humanity, neutrality, impartiality and independence need to remain the guiding framework for the EU’s humanitarian response to refugee and forced displacement crises;

9.   Recognises that the rights and dignity of millions of fellow human beings will be further diminished if they languish in refugee camps or on the margins of cities without access to basic needs, livelihoods and income opportunities;

10.   Stresses the importance of recognising the gender dimension of migration, which encompasses not only women’s vulnerability to all kinds of abuse, but also the multiple reasons for migration, their role in responding to emergencies, their socioeconomic contributions and their active participation in conflict resolution and prevention, as well as in post-conflict processes and the rebuilding of a democratic society; notes that a focus on women’s empowerment and their greater role as decision-makers is central to addressing the deeper causes of forced displacement and to ensuring respect for women’s rights and their autonomy at every stage of the migration process; reiterates that it is necessary to apply a gender and age perspective to EU policies on refugee and migrant movements;

11.   Calls for increased cooperation with the UN and other actors, including increased financial contributions for UNHCR and UNRWA; stresses, in this context, the need to improve living conditions in refugee camps, especially in terms of health and education, and to gradually end dependence on humanitarian assistance in existing protracted crises by fostering resilience and enabling the displaced to live in dignity as contributors to their host countries, until their possible voluntary return or resettlement;

12.   Highlights the important steps taken by the EU to tackle the external dimension of the migration crisis, particularly the fight against organised crime responsible for migrant smuggling and human trafficking and the enhanced cooperation with the countries of origin and transit;

13.   Stresses the need to establish a framework and make appropriate arrangements in countries of origin for receiving vulnerable and marginalised returned migrants in a dignified way and enabling them to integrate successfully in socio-cultural terms;

14.   Recalls that vulnerable groups, including women, minors (both accompanied by their families and unaccompanied), people with disabilities, the elderly and LGBTI people, are particularly exposed to abuse at all stages of the migration process; recalls that women and girls are, in addition, at great risk of gender and sexual-based violence and discrimination, even once they have reached places deemed secure; calls for these groups to be given special assistance and greater humanitarian protection as part of their resettlement or integration process, and to be prioritised in gender-sensitive reception procedures with a greater adherence to minimum standards and more efficient family reunification provisions; calls for particular safeguards for vulnerable people against violence and discrimination during the asylum process, and for them to be provided with access to residence status and basic services, including health care and education, in accordance with applicable law; calls on the European Union to develop training programmes in its cooperation with third countries related to the specific needs of vulnerable refugees and migrants;

15.   Emphasises that children make up a significant proportion of migrants and refugees, and specific procedures must be developed and put in place to ensure their protection in line with the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child; calls on host countries to ensure that refugee children are given full access to education and to promote as far as possible their integration and inclusion in national education systems; calls also on the humanitarian and development communities to pay more attention to the education and training of teachers from both displaced and host communities, and on international donors to prioritise education when responding to refugee crises, through programmes aimed at involving and psychologically supporting migrant children, as well as promoting learning of the host country’s language in order to ensure the better integration of refugee children; welcomes the financial support to provide more education and training for Syrian children and the recent increase in the education spending share of the EU humanitarian aid budget from 4 % to 6 %, making the EU a leader in supporting education projects in emergency situations around the world; calls for greater effectiveness in the implementation of this new funding;

16.   Recognises statelessness as a significant human rights challenge; asks the Commission and the EEAS to fight statelessness in all EU external action, in particular by addressing discrimination in nationality laws on the basis of gender, religion or a minority status, by promoting children’s right to a nationality and by supporting the UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR) campaign aimed at ending statelessness by 2024; condemns the restrictions and prohibitions on persons leaving or returning that are imposed in certain states, and the effects of statelessness on access to rights; calls on national governments and parliaments to abolish punitive legal frameworks that treat migration as an offence;

17.   Underlines that, in line with EU principles, one overall objective of the EU’s external migration policies should be to establish a multilateral governance regime for international migration, for which the recent UN High-Level Meeting is a first step;

Better managed international migration: a global responsibility

18.   Expresses strong concern about the recent decision by the US administration to temporarily ban citizens of seven Muslim-majority countries from entering the US and to temporarily suspend the US refugee system; believes that this kind of discriminatory decision fuels anti-immigration and xenophobic discourses, may not be in accordance with the principal international law instruments, such as the Geneva Convention, and can seriously undermine current global efforts towards a fair international sharing of responsibilities for refugees; calls on the EU and its Member States to take a strong common stance in defending the international protection system and the legal security of all affected populations, particularly EU citizens;

19.   Welcomes the UN General Assembly High-Level Meeting to Address Large Movements of Refugees and Migrants of 19 September 2016 and the hosting of the Leaders’ Summit by the USA, as migration flows are a global responsibility which demand an effective global response and enhanced cooperation between all stakeholders to achieve a sustainable solution fully respecting human rights; welcomes the outcome of these summits as the expression of a genuine political commitment of unprecedented force, and hopes that this will urgently initiate the path towards a truly global response and the international sharing of responsibilities for refugees and large migration movements throughout the world; deeply regrets however the lack of specific pledges or legally binding commitments in terms of aid or reform, which are needed to close the current gap between rhetoric and reality; calls on all the parties involved to ensure continued, urgent and effective political engagement and cooperation, the exchange of knowledge and experience with partner countries, civil society organisations and local authorities, and funding and concrete acts of solidarity in support of host countries; underlines the need for more coordination between the EU and its international partners at UN level to address migration challenges; calls on the EU and its Member States to take the lead in international efforts, particularly as regards ensuring that the agreements – including the future UN compacts on refugees and on safe, orderly and regular migration – are swiftly put into practice, and by establishing follow-up mechanisms as needed;

20.   Stresses that global cooperation on migration and mobility should be built upon regional and sub-regional frameworks; calls on the EU to strengthen cooperation plans with regional organisations such as the African Union, League of Arab States and Gulf Cooperation Council to also promote the management of intra-regional mobility, and underlines the need to encourage these regional organisations to fully engage in this cooperation; notes that the economic integration of sub-regional entities, particularly in Africa, offers a further means of promoting a joint-management approach and encouraging South-South initiatives on migration management and mobility; urges the EU to seek a stronger and more credible role for the African Union in preventing political crises in Africa;

21.   Underlines that the EU can benefit from closer cooperation and synergy with multilateral development banks and specialised UN bodies, in particular the UNHCR and the now UN-related International Organisation for Migration (IOM); takes note of the recent ideas put forward by the World Bank on the situation of forcibly displaced people and welcomes the recognition of the need to develop mitigation and asylum policies that support forcibly displaced people to integrate and, at same time, oblige the host communities to meet their development goals;

22.   Underlines that the resettlement of forcibly displaced persons is a pressing responsibility of the international community, in which UNHCR plays an important role; calls on EU Member States to fully respect their own pledges; considers it crucial to implement as a matter of urgency a coordinated and sustainable response that ensures fair and accessible procedures for people in need of international protection to be granted asylum in the European Union and other receiving countries, instead of leaving the responsibility primarily to the front-line states or countries neighbouring conflict zones; highlights the fact that financial support is outpaced by the scope and scale of displacement, compounded by the lack of appropriate and effective solutions to address the root causes of this forced displacement;

23.   Highlights the international law obligations regarding refugees and calls on all countries which have not yet done so to ratify and implement the Refugee Convention and its Protocol; calls on all countries to expand protection to internally displaced persons, as is the case in mechanisms such as the African Union Convention for the Protection and Assistance of Internally Displaced Persons in Africa (Kampala Convention);

24.   Underlines that the concepts of safe countries and safe countries of origin should not prevent individual assessments of asylum applications; calls for the collection of specialised, detailed and regularly updated information on the rights of people, especially women, children, disabled and LGBTI people, in the countries of origin of asylum-seekers, including those countries which are considered to be safe;

25.   Stresses that everything possible must be done to guarantee refugees a humane living environment within Member States and in refugee camps, particularly with regard to healthcare, the opportunity to receive an education, and the opportunity to work;

26.   Underlines the need to boost opportunities for education; calls for the harmonisation of qualification recognition policies and the protection of migrant workers’ rights and social security coverage in line with core ILO conventions; calls for the signature and ratification of the International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of their Families;

27.   Considers that temporary or subsidiary protection based on the assumption that refugees will return home as early as possible creates a lack of prospects and of opportunities for integration; recalls the importance of the positive role that refugees can play in the reconstruction of their societies upon returning to their countries or from abroad;

28.   Condemns the dramatic numbers of migrant deaths in the Mediterranean Sea and expresses its concern about the growing numbers of human rights abuses perpetrated against migrants and asylum-seekers on their route to Europe;

29.   Voices serious concern at the number of unaccompanied minors who have disappeared; calls on the Commission and the Member States to set up a database containing details of the unaccompanied minors who have entered Member States;

30.   Stresses the need to find durable diplomatic and political solutions to violent conflicts and to invest in effective early warning and conflict prevention mechanisms to reduce them in the future; calls for the EU to initiate concerted diplomatic efforts with international partners and key regional powers and organisations in order to take a stronger and more proactive role in the field of conflict prevention, mediation, resolution and reconciliation and to secure the right of people to stay in their home countries and regions; underlines that this should be at the core of the activities of the EEAS which should be endowed with the necessary resources and powers to make that possible, including in terms of budget and staffing; points out that the EU delegations and the special representatives have a fundamental role to play in this respect; stresses that the response to forced displacement and migration should be needs and rights-based and take account of the population’s vulnerabilities and should not be limited to humanitarian assistance but also involve development and civil society actors;

31.   Calls on the EU and Member States to take their responsibilities seriously concerning the challenge of climate change, to swiftly implement the Paris Agreement and to take a leading role in recognising the impact of climate change on mass displacement, as the scale and frequency of displacements are likely to increase; calls in particular on the EU to put sufficient means at the disposal of countries affected by climate change in order to help them to adapt to its consequences and to mitigate its effects; emphasises that this must not occur at the expense of traditional development cooperation aimed at reducing poverty; takes the view that persons displaced by the effects of climate change should be given a special international protection status which takes account of the specific nature of their situation;

32.   Commends the work, despite all the difficulties and dangers they face, of local and international NGOs and civil society organisations in delivering urgent and – in many cases – life-saving assistance to the most vulnerable in the countries of origin, transit or destination of refugees and migrants; points out that this work has, in many cases, filled the gap left by states and the international community at large;

33.   Considers it crucial to overcome the current narrative on refugees who are depicted only as a burden, and stresses the positive contributions they can make, if given the chance, to their host communities; recommends that refugees be involved in the definition and design of the political answers that affect them directly, and in creating or strengthening the necessary programmes; calls on the European institutions and agencies to launch traineeships within their administrations especially targeted at young graduate refugees legally residing within the European Union as a way to lead by example and demonstrate the benefits of investing in the young generation;

EU external action and partnerships with third countries

34.   Stresses that EU external action should be peace-oriented, proactive and forward-looking, instead of mainly reactive, with changing objectives in response to new crises; supports closer cooperation between the EU and third countries in the fields of security, education and information exchanges, in order to improve migration management and avoid new crises; recalls that the migration phenomenon stems from a complex set of causes such as a growing population, poverty, lack of opportunities and insufficient job creation, political instability, the violation of human rights, political oppression, persecution, military conflicts and other forms of violence, and climate change; recalls that addressing these problems can reduce the drivers of forced displacement and migration in the first place; underlines the essential need to reinforce policy coherence at two levels: between internal and external EU policies, and – within external action itself – between enlargement policy, the European neighbourhood policy and bilateral relations with EU strategic partners, as well as development and trade policies; considers that trade policy with developing countries should be mutually beneficial, while taking proper account of the economic disparities between these countries and the EU; emphasises the importance of the Commissioners’ Group on External Action in coordinating EU migration actions at the highest political level and giving impetus to an ambitious EU common migration policy;

35.   Stresses the need to put in place a comprehensive approach to external conflict and crises by mapping the direct and indirect economic, environmental, social, fiscal and political impacts of displacement on third countries in order to better adjust development policies to their needs;

36.   Points out that the review of the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP), put forward on 18 November 2015, includes plans to involve third countries that are neighbours of the EU’s neighbourhood partner countries in the context of extended cooperation frameworks; urges, therefore, that thematic frameworks be set up to offer cooperation between the Union, the Southern neighbourhood partner countries and key regional players, especially in Africa, on regional issues such as security, energy and the management of refugees and migratory flows;

37.   Reiterates the 'more for more' principle as the basis of the EU’s foreign policy under which the EU should develop ever closer (financial) partnerships with those countries making progress in the field of democratic reform; underlines that a focus on improving the quality of life of people in third countries should be one of the priorities of the EU’s foreign policy;

38.   Calls on the VP/HR, in cooperation with the Member States, to work on building state, economic and societal resilience, in particular within the EU’s neighbours and in wider surrounding regions, including through the European Neighbourhood Policy and other EU instruments;

39.   Condemns the increasing criminalisation of migration at the expense of the human rights of the people concerned, and the ill-treatment and arbitrary detention of refugees in third countries; calls on the VP/HR and the EEAS to address this issue, including in the course of its human right dialogues and in justice, freedom and security subcommittees, and to develop protection capabilities in third countries of transit;

40.   Calls for the establishment of a genuine, human rights-based common European migration policy based on the principle of solidarity among Member States as enshrined in Article 80 TFEU, with the securing of the EU’s external borders and adequate legal channels for safe and orderly migration, including circular migration, as a sustainable long-term policy to promote growth and cohesion within the EU, in order to set a clear framework for EU relations with third countries; calls on the Commission and the Council to strengthen the European Blue Card scheme to better manage economic migration; warns that any policy that might contradict the EU’s core values, as enshrined in Article 8 TEU and in the Charter of Fundamental Rights, would damage the EU’s credibility and its capacity to influence developments internationally; notes that the EU’s external migration policies need agreements with third countries to be guided by long-term objectives with the aim of establishing durable partnerships; recalls that any such partnerships should be based on dialogue, common interests and mutual ownership; welcomes the EU Action Plan against migrant smuggling (2015-2020) which envisages closer cooperation with third countries, but underlines that the implementation of a common EU legal migration policy would play a crucial role in breaking the business model of smugglers and tackling human trafficking; calls on the Commission to bring the existing EU acquis fully in line with the UN Smuggling Protocol and to ensure adequate protection for migrants who are victims of violence or abuse;

41.   Calls for all agreements concluded with third countries to guarantee that the rights of migrants, whatever their status, are in keeping with international law, and calls for the adoption of relevant legislation, including asylum legislation, stating, in particular, that the irregular crossing of a border cannot be deemed to be grounds for imprisoning someone;

42.   Reiterates the importance of cooperation with third countries in the fight against human trafficking and smugglers so that networks can be tackled as far upstream as possible; stresses in this regard the need to strengthen judicial and police cooperation with those countries in order to identify and dismantle the networks; recalls, furthermore, the need to build up the capacities of those countries so that they can pursue and sanction those responsible in an effective manner; calls, therefore, for cooperation between the European Union, the Member States, Europol, Eurojust and the third countries concerned to be encouraged; reaffirms that measures taken against human trafficking should not adversely affect the rights of victims of trafficking, migrants, refugees and persons in need of international protection; calls for an immediate end to the detention of victims of human trafficking and children;

43.   Points out that human trafficking and smuggling networks make full use of the internet in carrying out their criminal activities, and that it is therefore vital for the European Union to step up its action, particularly within Europol and the Internet Referral Unit, as well as its cooperation with third countries in this regard;

44.   Points out that traffickers may use legal migration routes to bring their victims to Europe; considers that the criteria that third countries are required to meet prior to any visa liberalisation agreement with the European Union ought specifically to include the cooperation of those third countries in combating human trafficking; calls on the Commission to pay special attention to both that issue and the issue of the fight against smugglers in all dialogue relating to negotiations on such agreements;

45.   Welcomes the approach that the EU should set itself clear priorities and measurable objectives for any common policies and especially in dealing with third countries; underlines that Parliament should participate in the setting up of these clear objectives; considers that EU external action based on a common approach will be the only way to ensure a stronger and effective policy; calls for real unified and coordinated action between the EU and the Member States, as unilateral initiatives – whether in internal or external affairs – can undermine the viability and success of our common policies and interests;

46.   Calls for better protection of the EU’s external borders with the goal of preventing irregular entry into the EU, tackling human smuggling and preventing loss of life at sea; welcomes, in this context, the creation of the European Border and Coast Guard, building on Frontex, as this will help to manage migration more effectively; stresses, nevertheless, the need for more financial and technical help for border protection for all South-eastern EU Member States, EU candidate countries and other partner countries in the region; regrets, in particular, the lack of parliamentary scrutiny over the external activities of the European Border and Coast Guard Agency, and calls therefore for the agency to systematically report to Parliament on the implementation of its working arrangements and joint operations with third countries in conjunction with civil society;

47.   Stresses that the opening up of safe and legal channels to asylum-seekers and potential migrants would allow them to use formal entry and exit channels, thus denying business to human traffickers and associated organised crime networks; stresses that the lack of legal avenues for migration often leads to an increase in irregular methods of mobility, which translates in turn into greater vulnerability and the risk of abuse during all stages of the migratory and refugee movement; calls, in this respect, for the urgent, specific and tangible establishment of organised, safe and legal avenues to the EU as a whole through, inter alia , more effective family reunification arrangements and resettlement programmes; reiterates also its call on the Member States to make use of any existing possibilities to provide humanitarian visas, particularly for vulnerable persons and especially unaccompanied minors, at Union embassies and consular offices in countries of origin or transit; calls for the Common European Asylum System to also allow requests for asylum, as well as the processing of asylum claims, to take place outside the EU or at the EU’s external borders; calls for EU support in setting up humanitarian corridors when dealing with severe refugee and displacement crises, with the aim of providing humanitarian aid and ensuring that the most basic needs of these refugees are covered and their human rights are respected; notes the Commission’s proposal regarding the establishment of an EU framework on resettlement, but calls for work to continue at EU level on the creation and strengthening of legal routes that would be complementary to resettlement;

48.   Takes note of the new Partnership Framework with third countries, viewing it as a signal of real political action, especially as it aims, with its two-pronged approach, to include short-term objectives, such as saving lives in the Mediterranean and increasing the rate of returns to countries of origin and transit, as well as long-term objectives, such as tackling root causes of irregular migration and forced displacement through reinforced EU support to third countries for capacity building and by advancing their political, social and economic situation; stresses that the success of the approach outlined in the communication of June 2016 depends on the EU’s capacity to offer real, commonly agreed incentives to third countries of transit and origin, and is concerned by the limited offer mainly focused on border management or Assisted Voluntary Return schemes, which – while essential and needed – constitute only a short-term partial response to an extremely complex situation; stresses that the new partnership frameworks must not become the only pillar of EU action on migration and points to the need to balance and complement this response, focusing on the development of local economies, qualification and regional mobility and improved levels of protection in countries of transit and origin;

49.   Recalls the importance of a balanced approach in the new Partnership Framework; warns against any quantitative approach in the new Partnership Framework and the related ‘migration compacts’, which would consider the ‘measurable increases in the number and rate of returns’ as the EU’s main goal; points out that the number of returns clearly depends on the nature of migration flows and on the situations in the countries of origin; stresses that the short-term objectives of the compacts should focus on how best to address the challenges faced by third countries, including by developing legal migration channels, as a result of which the levels of irregular migration and death tolls in the Mediterranean will decrease; calls for the scholarships available for young people from third countries to be increased; welcomes the fact that EU programmes on return and reintegration support capacity building and the improvement of migration management in the countries of transit and origin; calls for an assessment of the implementation of the EU’s return policy; points out the need for third countries to meet their obligations under readmission agreements;

50.   Stresses the need to build close partnerships with EU candidate and potential candidate countries from the Western Balkans region on issues of migration and to provide the necessary support and cooperation in managing migration flows in the region;

51.   Calls for mobility partnerships and circular migration agreements to facilitate the movement of third-country nationals between their countries and the EU and to sustain the socio-economic development of both parties;

52.   Stresses that, in the framework of its training activities and exchange of best practices with third countries, the EU should focus on relevant EU and international law and practice, particularly on fundamental rights, access to international protection and search and rescue operations, as well as better identification of and assistance to vulnerable persons; believes that this applies in particular to training in border management, which, in keeping with international law, should in no way be used as a way of preventing people from leaving their country;

53.   Calls for the utmost vigilance to be shown as regards the treatment of migrants who are sent back to their country of origin or to a third country; takes the view that any dialogue on return and readmission – particularly in respect of readmission agreements – should systematically address the issue of the safe return and reintegration of migrants; emphasises that migrants should enjoy full security and protection against degrading and inhumane treatment, including in detention centres, and that the EU must support reintegration programmes; points out that no one should forcibly be sent or returned to countries in which their life or liberty may be threatened on grounds of their origin, religion, nationality, membership of a certain social group or political opinions, or where they face a risk of torture, degrading treatment and human rights violations in general; points out that mass expulsions and refoulement are prohibited under international law;

54.   Encourages those responsible in the field of foreign and development policy to ensure that people who are returned are treated properly and that their integrity is preserved; calls on the Commission and the Member States to draw up flanking programmes to ensure that practical assistance programmes are carried out in the countries of origin that comprise both vocational training measures and programmes aimed at building economic structures, including start-ups and small businesses, alongside professional and academic exchange programmes with the Member States;

55.   Underlines that partnership agreements such as mobility partnerships should ensure that migrants can be safely received in countries of transit and origin, in a manner entirely consistent with their fundamental rights; stresses that Parliament has a clear say in EU readmission and mobility agreements, as stated in the Lisbon Treaty (Article 79(3) TFEU), and specifically emphasises that Parliament must give its prior consent to the conclusion of association and similar agreements (Article 218(6)(v) TFEU) and must be immediately and fully informed at all stages of the procedure (Article 218(10) TFEU);

56.   Reiterates Parliament’s position, as expressed in its resolution of 12 April 2016, favouring EU readmission agreements over bilateral agreements concluded by Member States with third countries; points out that a new European document for returns has recently been drawn up, and stresses the need to systematically promote the recognition of that document in any new readmission agreement;

57.   Welcomes the high-level dialogues carried out by the VP/HR and the Commission, and in some cases by Member States on behalf of the EU as a whole, as good and effective practices fostering coordination; stresses that coordination should be undertaken by the Commission and the EEAS; calls on the Commission and the EEAS to keep Parliament regularly informed of these dialogues and to report on the exact operational implementation of the Rabat and Khartoum processes and the priority initiatives agreed at the Valletta Summit; points out again that the shared ownership of partnerships concluded between the EU and third countries is a prerequisite for the success of EU migration policy; regrets that the packages designed for priority countries as part of the new Partnership Framework, by the Commission, the EEAS and the Member States, have neither been presented, debated, nor endorsed by the elected representatives of European citizens; condemns this lack of transparency and demands the involvement of Parliament in the development of the migration compacts and the scrutiny of their implementation, which must ensure the full respect of human rights, international humanitarian law and the EU Treaty commitments on development;

58.   Notes that fulfilling the objectives of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development requires that the EU and partner countries integrate well-managed migration dynamics into their respective sustainable development strategies; calls, in this connection, on the Commission and the EEAS to help transit countries draw up migrant integration strategies and set up asylum systems with high standards of protection;

59.   Underlines that EU assistance and cooperation must be tailored to achieving development and growth in third countries – thereby also fostering growth within the EU – and to reducing and eventually eradicating poverty in line with Article 208 of the TFEU, and not to incentivising third countries to cooperate on readmission of irregular migrants, to forcibly deterring people from moving, or to stopping flows to Europe; recalls that both donors and the governments of aid-receiving countries must work to improve the effectiveness of aid; notes that migration flows are an international reality and should not become an indicator of the performance of the EU’s external migration policies, and that agreements with third countries need to be guided by long-term objectives and by establishing durable partnerships and the respect for human rights;

60.   Stresses the importance of consulting civil society in the framework of all the EU’s external policies, paying particular attention to full participation, transparency and proper dissemination of information on all migration-related policies and processes;

61.   Calls on the Commission to cooperate closely with NGOs and experts working in the countries of origin of asylum-seekers in order to map out the best possible ways of assisting individuals and social groups in the most vulnerable situations; calls on the Commission to involve NGOs and experts in the countries of origin of asylum-seekers to find the best functioning conflict-prevention mechanism and tools;

62.   Stresses that in order to avoid duplication of effort, maximise the impact and effectiveness of global aid and ensure that the main focus is on development, the Commission should maintain a strong dialogue with local and international NGOs, civil society and local governments in partner countries, as well as with the UN, on the design, implementation and evaluation of migration, displacement and refugee policies;

63.   Draws attention to the intention to revise development cooperation programming documents to deliver on the new migration compacts; stresses that this revision needs to be carried out in line with development effectiveness principles and in dialogue with partner countries, European and local civil society organisations and the private sector; calls for Parliament to be fully involved at all stages of the revision, including programming documents under the European Development Fund (EDF); calls on the Member States to overhaul their development assistance, in line with the 0,7 % of GNI commitment, with a view to achieving the sustainable development goals;

64.   Calls for a balanced discussion to take place between the EU and its external partners; recommends that the EU and its Member States commit to providing increased legal migration opportunities to the EU, be it for seeking protection, for employment and educational purposes, or for family reunification;

65.   Calls on the Member States and the Commission to take all the necessary measures to promote the faster, cheaper and safer transfer of migrant remittances in both source and recipient countries, including through a reduction in transaction costs as stipulated in the New York Declaration for Refugees and Migrants of 19 September 2016;

66.   Is extremely concerned by the continuing conflict in Syria, in which violence against civilians, attacks on civilian infrastructure and hospitals and violations of international humanitarian law over the past five years have led to the forced displacement of half of the population; calls on the EU and the Member States to improve means dedicated to conflict prevention and crisis management and to play a greater role in conflict resolution in the EU’s neighbourhood and particularly in the Syrian conflict; expresses its full support to Syria’s neighbouring countries, which continue to demonstrate extraordinary solidarity in hosting millions of refugees despite limited resources; recalls that a large number of these refugees continue to live in deprived conditions with little or no access to legal recognition, health and education systems or job markets; is deeply concerned by the fate and the humanitarian situation of the 75 000 people trapped at the Jordanian border in the informal Rukban camp; calls on the EU and its Member States to continue and step up cooperation and dialogue with Lebanon and Jordan and to increase financial support through both international organisations and European channels, as well as with other third host countries, to ensure firstly that refugee populations can enjoy decent living conditions and access to basic services, and are granted rights to free movement and work opportunities, and secondly that funds reach their final objectives; stresses that this should be coupled with assistance to the host communities in order to strengthen their economic resilience;

67.   Notes that, following the implementation of the political agreement reached by the Member States and Turkey on 18 March 2016, the number of people arriving in frontline Member States has decreased; underlines the concerns regarding this political agreement as stated publicly by international humanitarian organisations, particularly with regard to the respect of international law and human rights; is concerned about the situation in Turkey and the impact this might have on it being considered as a safe country; stresses that visa liberalisation for Turkey must not be perceived as a reward for cooperating with the EU in the area of migration, but as result of strictly meeting all the benchmarks put in place by the EU; warns against the replication of this model in other countries as it is necessary to take into consideration each country and region’s own singularities;

68.   Is extremely concerned by the human rights situation in Turkey, where basic rights such as the freedom of expression or of assembly are constantly violated, where the population in the South-East of the country is under attack by its own government, where over 30 000 public servants have been sacked on political grounds, and where more than 130 media outlets have been closed down by the authorities;

69.   Regrets the lack of consultation and transparency in the formulation of the recently signed Joint Way Forward on Migration Issues between Afghanistan and the EU, which is mainly focused on readmissions and contemplates unlimited returns of Afghan citizens, whether on a voluntary basis or not; is worried about the possible consequences for Afghan asylum-seekers, who in 2016 constitute the second-largest national group in the EU applying for asylum; recalls that returns can only take place after due consideration of each individual case in full respect of their rights, and calls on the EU and the Member States to allocate the necessary resources to speed up current administrative and judicial procedures;

70.   Deeply regrets than in the EU migration policy framework and refugee movements response, the EU and its Members States have opted for the conclusion of agreements with third countries, which avoid the parliamentary scrutiny attached to the Community method; calls on the Commission to include at least a biannual evaluation mechanism for any political declaration signed with third countries in order to assess the continuation or conclusion of these agreements; stresses the need for the inclusion of human rights safeguards in any agreements concluded within the framework of migration and refugee policies;

71.   Stresses that the EU policy towards Africa is one of the key elements for stability and development in the coming years and decades; considers that the belt of countries running through the Sahel region and the Horn of Africa, as well as areas of instability to its north and south, should remain in the EU’s focus; highlights the link between development, security and migration and calls for closer cooperation in conflict prevention and management, as well as in addressing the root causes of destabilisation, forced displacement and irregular migration, in promoting resilience and economic and equal opportunities and in preventing human rights abuses; considers that the EU must play a central role in the stabilisation of Libya, also as a means to stop the ongoing human rights abuses affecting Libyans, refugees and migrants;

Appropriate means for action

72.   Acknowledges the Commission’s proposal for a new and ambitious External Investment Plan (EIP) to mobilise investments in the EU’s neighbouring countries and developing third countries, provided that the plan is implemented in a fully transparent manner and the investments help to improve conditions in the beneficiary countries, combatting corruption and bad governance; notes that the proposed European Fund for Sustainable Development will be partly financed through the European Development Fund (EDF), the Development Cooperation Instrument (DCI) and the European Neighbourhood Instrument (ENI) allocations, which constitutes the use of development funds to foster private sector investment; considers that supporting private sectors in third countries while fostering an environment of good governance and business practices should not be presented as a new measure and should be further enhanced; calls on the Commission to ensure coherence between external financing instruments – for example with the DCI and EDF – and projects in order to focus the EU’s assistance on priorities and to avoid the scattering of funds and efforts; stresses the need for systematic additionality, both in the choice of policies supported and in their financial implementation;

73.   Underlines that the sum of EUR 3,35 billion earmarked for the new European Fund for Sustainable Development (EFSD) as part of the EIP corresponds to over 5 % of the total funds available from the EDF, DCI and ENI under the multiannual financial framework (MFF); calls on the Commission to provide more details regarding this estimation and the expected impact, and to indicate on what basis it expects Member States, other donors and private partners to contribute up to EUR 44 billion to it, when some Member States have yet to contribute to current Trust Funds;

74.   Recommends that adequate resources should be allocated to measures specially tailored to the time spent by refugees and IDPs under temporary protection arrangements, which needs to be a period full of opportunities for growth and training for all generations, with education being provided for children, vocational training for young adults and jobs for adults; believes this will ensure that, when it becomes possible for them to return home, these people will be ‘regenerated’ and able to lend their countries new impetus, instead of having been worn down by years of waiting with no real prospects;

75.   Welcomes the Commission proposal on the revision of the MFF, with regard in particular to endowing the EU budget with larger crisis instruments; expects that the proposed revision of the financial rules will increase accountability and sound financial management; emphasises that tackling the root causes of migration flows also entails supporting third countries in capacity building;

76.   Underlines that the EU has to provide itself with the means necessary to attain its objectives and carry through its policies (Article 311 TFEU), as without sufficient funding the EU cannot perform the functions it is expected to, nor meet the expectations of the European people; underlines the human, political and economic costs of inaction; notes that the mid-term revision of the Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF) – or the negotiation of the next MFF at the latest – provides a necessary opportunity for the revision of the external instruments related to migration, and also to increase the EU’s budget in such a manner that it would allow an end to ad hoc instruments and restore the unity of the budget; strongly emphasises the need for Parliament to be given a major oversight role in this area as well; deeply regrets that the Commission did not propose to increase the budgetary means for external action – a budget heading which was already relatively low – but instead is redirecting development instruments towards migration, thus diverting from other priorities;

77.   Notes that refocusing the EU’s external financing instruments towards security, peace building and conflict resolution, migration and border management poses new challenges in relation to the initial objectives and principles of these instruments;

78.   Underlines that addressing new and chronic disasters and vulnerabilities requires long-term predictable investment and compliance with the new sustainable development agenda, mainly by promoting joint risk assessment, planning and financing between humanitarian, development, peacebuilding and climate change actors;

79.   Believes that upholding the rule of law and combating corruption must be central planks of EU action in countries of origin; stresses the importance of proper checks being carried out on the use of funding for third countries, in order to make sure that it is used for its intended purpose;

80.   Notes that the creation of trust funds and ad hoc financial instruments, while helping to pool resources and bringing speed and flexibility to EU action, can also put at risk development effectiveness principles and undermines the unity of the budget and Parliament’s budgetary authority; calls therefore for Parliament to be given a greater supervisory role in the use of these instruments, including – but not limited to – by being part of the steering committees; recalls that the effectiveness of trust funds depends heavily on Member States’ readiness to contribute and their full involvement; urges that such instruments be brought under Parliament’s oversight and calls for guidelines for their incorporation into the EU’s budget and the scope of its powers;

81.   Points out that EUR 3,6 billion was supposed to be paid into the emergency trust fund for stability and addressing root causes of irregular migration and displaced persons in Africa, launched at the Valletta Summit; calls on the Member States to match the EUR 1,8 billion released by the Commission;

82.   Call for the trust funds to follow the same rules and regulations applying to EU traditional funding instruments in relation to transparency, equal treatment of partners and capacity to provide predictable and timely funding to partners;

83.   Expresses concerns that the 2017 EU draft budget foresees an increase in the management of migration flows or internal security initiatives at the expense of EU cohesion funds and action in the world;

84.   Calls on the EU to carefully and systematically evaluate the impact of the actions funded on migration, displacement and refugees based on the quality of delivery of humanitarian aid and development aid;

85.   Stresses that targeted support based on the local situation is a key element of an efficient and results-oriented policy, and that such support should be negotiated with third countries; calls on the Commission and the Member States to develop clear and measurable objectives to be implemented by the financial instruments, including Trust Funds, in a coherent and coordinated way;

86.   Welcomes the use of common security and defence policy (CSDP) missions such as EUCAP Sahel Niger and EUNAVFOR MED Operation Sophia, which should be further strengthened as a means of protecting the EU’s external borders and preventing the trafficking of human beings and smuggling of migrants; supports the cooperation with NATO and EU initiatives such as Europol’s Joint Operational Team (JOT) Mare to gather and share intelligence and fight smugglers, while underlining that global mobility should not be considered a threat but an opportunity; recalls in this context that saving lives at sea and ensuring the rights of migrants must be of paramount importance in all these operations; recommends the use of CSDP tools for early warning (forecasting), mediation and conflict resolution, while stressing the importance of starting to plan for durable solutions as early as possible in conflict situations;

87.   Recalls the UN-EU Strategic Partnership on Peacekeeping and Crisis Management and its priorities for 2015-2018, as agreed in March 2015; encourages further work by the EU in order to take account of the key role of other organisations and countries and to facilitate Member State contributions; deplores the fact that only 11 out of 28 EU Member States made pledges at the Leaders’ Summit on Peacekeeping held on 28 September 2015; calls on the EU Member States to significantly increase their military and police contributions to UN peacekeeping missions;

88.   Welcomes and supports the initiatives of the European Investment Bank to sustain economic resilience in the EU’s Southern Neighbourhood and the Western Balkans through projects that lead to job creation, economic resilience and poverty reduction in line with the European Union’s external policies;

89.   Urges the Commission and the EEAS to provide Parliament and the public, at the earliest opportunity, with a detailed overview of the various funding instruments and programmes – and how they fit together with Member State programmes – in the 16 priority countries(6) with which the EU engages in high-level dialogues on migration, and under the Global Approach to Migration and Mobility (GAMM); is deeply concerned that among the priority countries, there are repressive regimes which are themselves the main cause of refugees fleeing their countries; recalls that the GAMM remains the overarching framework of the EU external migration and asylum policy, but notes that recent policy initiatives have made limited reference to it and calls for a clarification of the GAMM’s relevance in the current context, as well as a review of the GAMM in line with the IOM’s recommendations;

90.   Welcomes the deployment of European Migration Liaison Officers to priority countries as a first step towards reinforcing the EU’s cooperation with third countries in the field of migration; recommends the reinforcement of staff dealing with Justice and Home Affairs issues within the EU Delegations with a clear mandate to develop coordination within the Member States;

91.   Underlines the need for a decentralised approach, rather than carrying on with a centralised approach from Brussels, by making better use of the EU Delegations – which have in a very short period of time become a tool of great value – and applying greater flexibility and shorter programming periods, especially for countries at risk; calls for the appointment of regional coordinators with the capacity to lead on development and cooperation and external relations in order to ensure a coherent approach based on the local situation on the ground;

92.   Recommends the promotion, with the support of the EU, of information campaigns in third countries to inform citizens of their mobility rights and obligations, and to alert them to the risks they could face during their journey – particularly as regards smugglers and traffickers – in order to help them reach the most informed decision;

93.   Calls for the better use of twinning programmes and TAIEX action, not simply for exchanges of best practices and training but for development and cooperation with a special focus on countries under pressure;

o
o   o

94.   Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission, the Vice-President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, the governments of the 16 priority countries identified in the new partnership framework with third countries under the European Agenda on Migration, and civil society organisations representing and working with migrants and refugees.

(1) Texts adopted, P8_TA(2015)0272 .
(2) Texts adopted, P8_TA(2016)0073 .
(3) Texts adopted, P8_TA(2016)0102 .
(4) Texts adopted, P8_TA(2016)0337 .
(5) Texts adopted, P8_TA(2016)0404 .
(6) Ethiopia, Eritrea, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Somalia, Sudan, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia, Afghanistan, Bangladesh and Pakistan.

Last updated: 9 November 2017Legal notice