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Thursday, 6 April 2006 - Strasbourg Final edition
P6_TA(2006)0142B6-0250, 0251, 0255, 0257, 0260 and 0267/2006

European Parliament resolution on Darfur

The European Parliament ,

–   having regard to its previous resolutions on the subject, including that of 16 September 2004 on the Darfur region in Sudan(1) , and ACP-EU Joint Parliamentary Assembly Resolution ACP-EU 3777/05 of 21 April 2005 on the situation in Sudan(2) ,

–   having regard to the communiqué of the Peace and Security Council of the African Union of 10 March 2006,

–   having regard to the Humanitarian Ceasefire Agreement of 8 April 2004,

–   having regard to the mandate of the African Union Mission in Sudan, which was extended in October 2004,

–   having regard to the ongoing peace talks being held in Abuja,

–   having regard to the findings of its missions in February 2004 and August/September 2004 and the findings of the ACP-EU mission of March 2005,

–   having regard to Rule 115(5) of its Rules of Procedure,

A.   whereas, in his report to the UN Security Council, Jan Pronk stated that killing, rape and abuses of human rights continue in Darfur, with rape and sexual violence continuing unabated both within and outside IDP camps,

B.   whereas the ceasefire in the region is not being respected, whereas rebels belonging to the Sudanese Liberation Army (SLA) have increased their ceasefire violations and whereas Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) rebels have said that they will ask for self-determination for the region unless a solution to the conflict can be reached soon,

C.   whereas the Government of Sudan continues to actively support the Janjaweed militia, not only by arming the gangs but also through direct participation in attacks on villages with support vehicles(3) , and whereas there are eye-witness reports of government helicopter fire(4) ,

D.   whereas the African Union Mission in Sudan has been extended until 30 September 2006, after which the international presence will be directly guaranteed by the UN,

E.   whereas the Government of Sudan has said that such a UN operation would amount to colonialism and has threatened to leave the African Union if that were to happen,

F.   whereas the AMIS mission's original mandate was to protect the AU observers that were monitoring violations of the Humanitarian Ceasefire Agreement; whereas this mandate was extended in October 2004 to permit AMIS to protect civilians it encountered 'under imminent threat and in the immediate vicinity'; whereas this mission has never had the protection of civilians at the core of its mandate,

G.   whereas the Darfur conflict - and impunity from prosecution - is increasingly affecting the stability of neighbouring eastern Chad and constitutes a threat to international peace and security,

H.   whereas the Government of Sudan prevented Jan Egeland, the UN Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator, from visiting Darfur on 3 April 2006; whereas access to Darfur for humanitarian aid and all humanitarian workers is considered to be at its lowest level in two years,

I.   whereas the UN Security Council referred the situation in Darfur to the International Criminal Court (ICC) in March 2005, following which an investigation was launched, resulting in the names of 51 potential suspects so far being given to the Court in the Hague,

J.   whereas the Government of Sudan, in an attempt to avoid Sudanese officials suspected of war crimes being sent to the ICC, has set up its own special courts in Darfur to deal with war crimes and human rights violations,

K.   whereas, to date, these special courts have not prosecuted any officials, militia members or other individuals responsible for serious human rights violations in Darfur,

L.   whereas on 6 March 2006 a group of four teenage girls was attacked outside Al Shareif camp, the aggression resulting in the death of the attacker; whereas the police referred the case of the four girls to the Prosecution Attorney on charges of murder,

M.   whereas Russia and China continue to supply arms to the Government of Sudan; whereas both countries have consistently blocked efforts by the UN Security Council to impose sanctions on Sudan in the last six months,

1.  Deplores the continuation of violence and rape by all sides, and condemns the Government of Sudan's continued support for the Janjaweed militia(5) ;

2.  Urges the United Nations Security Council to meet to address the violence in Darfur, which is tantamount to genocide, and to act on its responsibility to protect civilians by drafting a clear mandate under Chapter VII of the UN Charter, on or before 1 October 2006 (following the expiry of the mandate of the African Union mission in Darfur on 30 September 2006);

3.  Calls on the UN Security Council to extend the arms embargo in Darfur throughout Sudan and support the African Union's efforts in Darfur to reach full operational capacity and to robustly interpret its mandate to protect civilians until the transition to a UN mission;

4.  Stresses that the mandate of the AMIS force has primarily been to observe violations of the humanitarian ceasefire agreement; criticises the international community for not having acted to protect civilians sooner;

5.  Calls upon EU Member States to honour the commitments they have already made to provide military observers, staff officers and civilian police to increase security in Darfur and to ensure that the current AMIS mission is adequately funded and equipped to enable it to interpret its limited mandate as broadly as possible;

6.  Welcomes the decisions taken by the UN Security Council in March 2006 on a ban on offensive flights in Darfur; calls for an effectively enforced no-fly zone across Darfur;

7.  Calls on the EU, the US and other international actors to take all necessary action to help end impunity by enforcing the Security Council sanctions regime and seeking for this regime to include targeted sanctions against individuals who obstruct the deployment of the UN force and otherwise contribute to abuses of civilians;

8.  Calls for the international community to support the ICC's investigation into violations of international humanitarian and human rights law in Darfur;

9.  Joins the UNHCR in calling for an end to forced conscription of Sudanese refugees in Chad; calls for the implementation of a Chad-Sudan border monitoring force, as provided for in the accord signed by the Presidents of the two countries on 10 February 2006;

10.  Strongly criticises the Government of Sudan for preventing Jan Egeland, the UN Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator, from visiting Darfur;

11.  Calls on the African Union to continue to play a leading role in the Abuja peace talks, and for all those involved in the talks to work to achieve these ends;

12.  Calls on the Government of Sudan to work alongside the NGO community for the benefit of its people; urges the Government to revise the Organisation of Voluntary and Humanitarian Work Act 2006 to bring it into line with international human rights standards; insists that Sudan's Humanitarian Aid Commission (HAC) facilitate the issuing of visas and travel permits to humanitarian workers and stop the harassment of international NGOs; criticises the lack of independence of the HAC from the Government of Sudan;

13.  Calls on the Government of Sudan to release Ms Amouna Mohamed Ahmed (17), Ms Fayza Ismail Abaker (16), Ms Houda Ismail Abdel Rahman (17) and Ms Zahra Adam Abdela (17) while their case is investigated and considers that these girls should be given appropriate care as victims of attempted rape;

14.  Criticises Russian and Chinese efforts to block UN Security Council actions over Darfur; urges the international community to exert more pressure on these countries in order to prevent these countries' economic interests in oil and arms sales from undermining efforts to bring peace to Darfur;

15.  Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission, the Government of Sudan, the UN Security Council, Jan Pronk, Jan Egeland, Kofi Annan and the Heads of Government of the ACP countries.

(1) OJ C 140 E, 9.6.2005, p. 153.
(2) OJ C 272, 3.11.2005, p. 43.
(3) As documented in the African Union Ceasefire Commission's Ceasefire Violation Report number 96/05 on the alleged GoS attack on Umm Zoor market on 16 July 2005, which concluded that the ceasefire violation was committed by the Janjaweed and Government of Sudan forces.
(4) As documented in the latest report of the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) on Sudan, published on 27 January 2006, pp.10-11.
(5) As documented in the African Union Ceasefire Commission's Ceasefire Violation Report number 96/05 (see footnote 1 to Recital C) and in the light of the assertion made on 21 March 2006 by the UN Special Envoy to Darfur, Jan Pronk, that 'AU commanders on the ground openly speak about continued support to militia by forces allied to the Government'.

Last updated: 14 September 2006Legal notice