The Energy Union communication proposes action to reassess the role of ACER (the European Agency for the Cooperation of Energy Regulators) with a view to giving it real powers over national regulators, and that there will be a proposal and legislation for a ‘new European electricity market design’ to reconcile tensions between the markets and incentives for renewables and capacity. How does the Commission intend to pursue these objectives as part of a reinforced regulatory framework, given that Article 192 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU) specifies that the EU may not intervene in Member States’ choice of energy mix?
1. How do you intend to sell this notion of regionalism to Member States, given how close they are with their energy companies (many of which are still state-owned) and that many governments see control over energy supply — and, to a lesser extent, prices — as an essential part of national policy?
2. How does the common purchasing of gas, envisaged in the Energy Union communication, keep within the rules on the single market and those of the World Trade Organisation?