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Parliamentary questions
12 July 2011
Question for written answer
to the Commission
Rule 117
Bas Eickhout (Verts/ALE)

 Subject: Human rights violations related to Emissions Trading Scheme

The Clean Development Mechanism has two equally important objectives: to create cost‑efficient emission reductions and to contribute to sustainable development. Earlier this year, several organisations, including CDM Watch and the Carbon Markets Investors Association, condemned human rights abuses in relation to the CDM project ‘Aguán biogas recovery from Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME) ponds and biogas utilisation’. This project is at the centre of allegations directly linking its activities to killings of local residents over land conflicts. Moreover, there are serious concerns that the local stakeholder consultation was not conducted adequately, omitting the fundamental human right of public participation for the affected local communities. A decision about the project is expected at the 62nd meeting of the CDM Executive Board from 11-15 July 2011. Yet, despite the fact that EU Member States have signed the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the carbon credits from this project could, if registered, enter the European carbon market and be used to count towards climate targets under the EU ETS and the Effort Sharing Decision.

1. What is the European Commission doing to ensure that the ‘ Aguán biogas recovery’ project is rejected if the local stakeholder consultation was conducted or announced in an inadequate manner? Is the European Commission, for example, engaged in a dialogue with the CDM Executive Board on this matter?

2. Given that all EU Member States have signed the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, what is the European Commission doing to ensure that offset projects that violate human rights are banned from entering the European carbon market?

3. Does the European Commission see the need for additional sustainability criteria for offset projects? If so, when and how will the European Commission address this?

 OJ C 128 E, 03/05/2012
Last updated: 15 July 2011Legal notice