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Tuesday, 23 September 2008 - Brussels Final edition
European Day of Remembrance for Victims of Stalinism and Nazism
P6_TA(2008)0439P6_DCL(2008)0044

Declaration of the European Parliament on the proclamation of 23 August as European Day of Remembrance for Victims of Stalinism and Nazism

The European Parliament ,

–   having regard to the United Nations Convention on the Non-Applicability of Statutory Limitations to War Crimes and Crimes Against Humanity,

–   having regard to the following articles of the Council of Europe Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms: Article 1 - Obligation to respect human rights; Article 2  - Right to life; Article 3 - Prohibition of torture, and Article 4 - Prohibition of slavery and forced labour,

–   having regard to Resolution 1481 (2006) of the Council of Europe Parliamentary Assembly on the need for international condemnation of crimes of totalitarian communist regimes,

–   having regard to Rule 116 of its Rules of Procedure,

A.   whereas the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact of 23 August 1939 between the Soviet Union and Germany divided Europe into two spheres of interest by means of secret additional protocols,

B.   whereas the mass deportations, murders and enslavements committed in the context of the acts of aggression by Stalinism and Nazism fall into the category of war crimes and crimes against humanity,

C.   whereas, under international law, statutory limitations do not apply to war crimes and crimes against humanity,

D.   whereas the influence and significance of the Soviet order and occupation on and for citizens of the post-Communist States are little known in Europe,

E.   whereas Article 3 of Decision No 1904/2006/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 12 December 2006 establishing for the period 2007 to 2013 the programme 'Europe for Citizens' to promote active European citizenship(1) calls for support for the action 'Active European Remembrance', intended to prevent any repetition of the crimes of Nazism and Stalinism,

1.  Proposes that 23 August be proclaimed European Day of Remembrance for Victims of Stalinism and Nazism, in order to preserve the memory of the victims of mass deportations and exterminations, and at the same time rooting democracy more firmly and reinforcing peace and stability in our continent;

2.  Instructs its President to forward this declaration, together with the names of the signatories, to the parliaments of the Member States.

List of signatories

Jim Allister, Alexander Alvaro, Jan Andersson, Georgs Andrejevs, Laima Liucija Andrikienė, Emmanouil Angelakas, Roberta Angelilli, Robert Atkins, John Attard-Montalto, Elspeth Attwooll, Inés Ayala Sender, Liam Aylward, Maria Badia i Cutchet, Enrique Barón Crespo, Alessandro Battilocchio, Edit Bauer, Jean Marie Beaupuy, Christopher Beazley, Zsolt László Becsey, Bastiaan Belder, Ivo Belet, Irena Belohorská, Monika Beňová, Rolf Berend, Sergio Berlato, Giovanni Berlinguer, Adam Bielan, Šarūnas Birutis, Sebastian Valentin Bodu, Guy Bono, Mario Borghezio, Josep Borrell Fontelles, Victor Boştinaru, John Bowis, Sharon Bowles, Iles Braghetto, Elmar Brok, Danutė Budreikaitė, Cristian Silviu Buşoi, Philippe Busquin, Simon Busuttil, Jerzy Buzek, Martin Callanan, Mogens Camre, Luis Manuel Capoulas Santos, Marco Cappato, David Casa, Paulo Casaca, Michael Cashman, Françoise Castex, Giuseppe Castiglione, Jean-Marie Cavada, Charlotte Cederschiöld, Jorgo Chatzimarkakis, Ole Christensen, Sylwester Chruszcz, Philip Claeys, Luigi Cocilovo, Daniel Cohn-Bendit, Richard Corbett, Dorette Corbey, Titus Corlăţean, Corina Creţu, Brian Crowley, Magor Imre Csibi, Marek Aleksander Czarnecki, Ryszard Czarnecki, Daniel Dăianu, Joseph Daul, Dragoş Florin David, Antonio De Blasio, Arūnas Degutis, Véronique De Keyser, Gérard Deprez, Marie-Hélène Descamps, Nirj Deva, Christine De Veyrac, Mia De Vits, Jolanta Dičkutė, Gintaras Didžiokas, Koenraad Dillen, Alexandra Dobolyi, Valdis Dombrovskis, Beniamino Donnici, Bert Doorn, Den Dover, Petr Duchoň, Bárbara Dührkop Dührkop, Andrew Duff, Árpád Duka-Zólyomi, Constantin Dumitriu, Michl Ebner, Lena Ek, Saïd El Khadraoui, Maria da Assunção Esteves, Edite Estrela, Jonathan Evans, Robert Evans, Göran Färm, Richard Falbr, Carlo Fatuzzo, Szabolcs Fazakas, Markus Ferber, Emanuel Jardim Fernandes, Francesco Ferrari, Petru Filip, Hélène Flautre, Alessandro Foglietta, Hanna Foltyn-Kubicka, Nicole Fontaine, Glyn Ford, Ingo Friedrich, Urszula Gacek, Michael Gahler, Kinga Gál, Milan Gaľa, Iratxe García Pérez, Patrick Gaubert, Jas Gawronski, Eugenijus Gentvilas, Georgios Georgiou, Lidia Joanna Geringer de Oedenberg, Adam Gierek, Maciej Marian Giertych, Neena Gill, Béla Glattfelder, Bogdan Golik, Bruno Gollnisch, Ana Maria Gomes, Alfred Gomolka, Donata Gottardi, Genowefa Grabowska, Dariusz Maciej Grabowski, Vasco Graça Moura, Ingeborg Gräßle, Lissy Gröner, Elly de Groen-Kouwenhoven, Françoise Grossetête, Ignasi Guardans Cambó, Ambroise Guellec, Zita Gurmai, Catherine Guy-Quint, Małgorzata Handzlik, Gábor Harangozó, Malcolm Harbour, Marian Harkin, Joel Hasse Ferreira, Satu Hassi, Christopher Heaton-Harris, Gyula Hegyi, Erna Hennicot-Schoepges, Jeanine Hennis-Plasschaert, Edit Herczog, Jim Higgins, Mary Honeyball, Karsten Friedrich Hoppenstedt, Milan Horáček, Richard Howitt, Ján Hudacký, Stephen Hughes, Alain Hutchinson, Jana Hybášková, Filiz Hakaeva Hyusmenova, Marie Anne Isler Béguin, Ville Itälä, Lily Jacobs, Anneli Jäätteenmäki, Mieczysław Edmund Janowski, Lívia Járóka, Rumiana Jeleva, Anne E. Jensen, Dan Jørgensen, Romana Jordan Cizelj, Ona Juknevičienė, Jelko Kacin, Filip Kaczmarek, Gisela Kallenbach, Syed Kamall, Othmar Karas, Sajjad Karim, Ioannis Kasoulides, Piia-Noora Kauppi, Metin Kazak, Tunne Kelam, Glenys Kinnock, Timothy Kirkhope, Dieter-Lebrecht Koch, Eija-Riitta Korhola, Magda Kósáné Kovács, Miloš Koterec, Holger Krahmer, Guntars Krasts, Ģirts Valdis Kristovskis, Aldis Kušķis, Zbigniew Krzysztof Kuźmiuk, Joost Lagendijk, André Laignel, Alain Lamassoure, Jean Lambert, Alexander Graf Lambsdorff, Vytautas Landsbergis, Carl Lang, Romano Maria La Russa, Vincenzo Lavarra, Henrik Lax, Johannes Lebech, Stéphane Le Foll, Roselyne Lefrançois, Klaus-Heiner Lehne, Lasse Lehtinen, Jörg Leichtfried, Jo Leinen, Fernand Le Rachinel, Katalin Lévai, Janusz Lewandowski, Bogusław Liberadzki, Marcin Libicki, Alain Lipietz, Pia Elda Locatelli, Eleonora Lo Curto, Antonio López-Istúriz White, Andrea Losco, Patrick Louis, Caroline Lucas, Sarah Ludford, Astrid Lulling, Elizabeth Lynne, Marusya Ivanova Lyubcheva, Linda McAvan, Arlene McCarthy, Edward McMillan-Scott, Jamila Madeira, Eugenijus Maldeikis, Toine Manders, Ramona Nicole Mănescu, Vladimír Maňka, Thomas Mann, Marian-Jean Marinescu, David Martin, Miguel Angel Martínez Martínez, Jan Tadeusz Masiel, Manuel Medina Ortega, Íñigo Méndez de Vigo, Emilio Menéndez del Valle, Rosa Miguélez Ramos, Marianne Mikko, Miroslav Mikolášik, Francisco José Millán Mon, Gay Mitchell, Nickolay Mladenov, Viktória Mohácsi, Claude Moraes, Javier Moreno Sánchez, Eluned Morgan, Philippe Morillon, Jan Mulder, Cristiana Muscardini, Riitta Myller, Pasqualina Napoletano, Robert Navarro, Cătălin-Ioan Nechifor, Catherine Neris, James Nicholson, null Nicholson of Winterbourne, Rareş-Lucian Niculescu, Lambert van Nistelrooij, Vural Öger, Péter Olajos, Jan Olbrycht, Seán Ó Neachtain, Gérard Onesta, Janusz Onyszkiewicz, Ria Oomen-Ruijten, Dumitru Oprea, Josu Ortuondo Larrea, Csaba Őry, Siiri Oviir, Reino Paasilinna, Maria Grazia Pagano, Borut Pahor, Justas Vincas Paleckis, Vladko Todorov Panayotov, Marco Pannella, Pier Antonio Panzeri, Neil Parish, Ioan Mircea Paşcu, Aldo Patriciello, Béatrice Patrie, Vincent Peillon, Bogdan Pęk, Alojz Peterle, Maria Petre, Willi Piecyk, Rihards Pīks, Mirosław Mariusz Piotrowski, Umberto Pirilli, Paweł Bartłomiej Piskorski, Gianni Pittella, Francisca Pleguezuelos Aguilar, Zita Pleštinská, Rovana Plumb, Zdzisław Zbigniew Podkański, Samuli Pohjamo, Lydie Polfer, Nicolae Vlad Popa, Bernd Posselt, Christa Prets, Vittorio Prodi, Jacek Protasiewicz, John Purvis, Poul Nyrup Rasmussen, Karin Resetarits, José Ribeiro e Castro, Teresa Riera Madurell, Karin Riis-Jørgensen, Maria Robsahm, Bogusław Rogalski, Zuzana Roithová, Dariusz Rosati, Wojciech Roszkowski, Christian Rovsing, Flaviu Călin Rus, Leopold Józef Rutowicz, Eoin Ryan, Guido Sacconi, Aloyzas Sakalas, Katrin Saks, José Ignacio Salafranca Sánchez-Neyra, Manuel António dos Santos, Sebastiano Sanzarello, Jacek Saryusz-Wolski, Gilles Savary, Toomas Savi, Christel Schaldemose, Agnes Schierhuber, Carl Schlyter, Olle Schmidt, Pál Schmitt, György Schöpflin, Esko Seppänen, Adrian Severin, Brian Simpson, Kathy Sinnott, Marek Siwiec, Peter Skinner, Csaba Sógor, Bogusław Sonik, María Sornosa Martínez, Bart Staes, Grażyna Staniszewska, Margarita Starkevičiūtė, Peter Šťastný, Petya Stavreva, Dirk Sterckx, Struan Stevenson, Catherine Stihler, Robert Sturdy, Margie Sudre, László Surján, József Szájer, Andrzej Jan Szejna, István Szent-Iványi, Konrad Szymański, Csaba Sándor Tabajdi, Hannu Takkula, Charles Tannock, Andres Tarand, Salvatore Tatarella, Britta Thomsen, Silvia-Adriana Ţicău, Gary Titley, Patrizia Toia, László Tőkés, Ewa Tomaszewska, Witold Tomczak, Jacques Toubon, Catherine Trautmann, Helga Trüpel, Vladimir Urutchev, Inese Vaidere, Nikolaos Vakalis, Adina-Ioana Vălean, Frank Vanhecke, Anne Van Lancker, Geoffrey Van Orden, Daniel Varela Suanzes-Carpegna, Ari Vatanen, Armando Veneto, Riccardo Ventre, Donato Tommaso Veraldi, Marcello Vernola, Alejo Vidal-Quadras, Kristian Vigenin, Kyösti Virrankoski, Graham Watson, Henri Weber, Renate Weber, Anders Wijkman, Iuliu Winkler, Janusz Wojciechowski, Corien Wortmann-Kool, Anna Záborská, Zbigniew Zaleski, Iva Zanicchi, Andrzej Tomasz Zapałowski, Dushana Zdravkova, Roberts Zīle, Marian Zlotea, Tadeusz Zwiefka

(1) OJ L 378, 27.12.2006, p. 32.

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