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5 January 2005
PE 352.997v01-00
to wind up the debate on statements by the Council and Commission
pursuant to Rule 103(2) of the Rules of Procedure
by Joost Lagendijk, Angelika Beer, Cem Özdemir and Kathalijne Maria Buitenweg
on behalf of the Verts/ALE Group
on transatlantic relations

European Parliament resolution on transatlantic relations 

The European Parliament,

–  having regard to its previous resolutions on EU/US relations with regard, in particular, to that of 22 April 2004,

–  having regard to the outcome of the EU/US summit of 25/26 June in Dublin,

–  having regard to Rule 103(2) of its Rules of Procedure,

A.  stressing that democracy, respect for human rights and the market economy are the founding values of transatlantic relations, which should lead to a community of action focused on peace-building, poverty reduction and collective security,

B.  pointing out that revitalised transatlantic relations are decisive for the strengthening of international institutions with regard, in particular, to the reform of the UN so as to make that organisation more effective and capable of acting on the world scene and provide a multilateral framework aimed at improving global governance,

C.  taking into account that over the last years the rift between the EU and the US has grown wider in spite of the efforts on both sides to bridge the gap and renew the fruitful cooperation of the past, as for example in the Balkans,

D.  whereas the new US administration has a chance to overcome the unilateral attitude and the aggressive approach of the last years by redefining the strategic choices that jeopardise the stability of some regions of the world and endanger the security of its traditional allies,

E.  pointing out that security is an all‑encompassing collective concept that cannot be tailored only to the interests and the exigencies of one country,

F.  underlining that international treaties are the basic elements on which to lay the foundations of a multilateral framework,

G.  stressing that the fight against terrorism can only be successful if the action is carried out through a reinforced transatlantic partnership which upholds coherently the founding values upon which it has been built up,

H.  whereas the new situation in the Middle East provides a window of opportunity for a common initiative in the region aimed at reaching a final and comprehensive settlement,

I.  concerned at the persistence of many trade disputes between the EU and the United States which concern the inalienable right to food security and a healthy environment,

1.  Strongly hopes that the new US administration will act constructively along with the international community in a multilateral framework and in compliance with international law; expects, in this regard, a deep political shift aimed at supporting the international organisations and abiding by the relevant treaties;

2.  Believes, in this regard, that the tsunami disaster provides the opportunity of a joint concerted action of assistance and relief to the countries affected in support of the UN, which must be followed by a long-term programme of rehabilitation and reconstruction aimed at the sustainable development of the region;

3.  Urges the US not to miss the new hopes arising in the Middle East and to improve the coordination of its action with the members of the Quartet and in particular with the EU, so as to make the eventual Israeli withdrawal from Gaza a credible first step of a road map leading to a lasting peace;

4.  Appeals to the US to come to a common approach with the EU on the issue of proliferation; calls in this respect on the US to review its policy towards Iran, which remains unchanged since the late 1970s; encourages the US to join the EU in its attempt to negotiate a long-term agreement to give Tehran trade, technology and security aid and guarantees in return for Iran suspending enrichment, so as to reassure the international community that its nuclear programme is strictly peaceful;

5.  Calls on the US and the EU, in this context, to relaunch nuclear disarmament talks that could lead to the establishment of nuclear weapon-free zones in the Middle East, the Mediterranean and South Asia, similar to those established for Latin America and the Caribbean, Africa, the south Pacific and South-East Asia;

6.  Calls on the new US administration to reverse its strategy of undermining the International Criminal Court; deplores the adoption by the US Congress of the so-called 'Nethercutt' amendment to the 2005 budget, which revokes funds for those countries refusing to guarantee immunity from the ICC to American citizens suspected of having committed crimes against humanity, and urges President Bush to use the waiver powers he has been granted under that amendment;

7.  Expresses its deep concern for the basic rights of persons taken into custody in Afghanistan and Iraq, and calls on the Bush administration to take all the necessary actions to ensure that these abusive practices do not continue, and to prosecute vigorously all those responsible for ordering or perpetrating this abuse;

8.  Recalls that the right of states to defend their citizens against terrorism must always operate according to a clearly defined national and/or international legal framework, and that the fight against terrorism must in no way undermine the protection of human rights and democratic principles and must contribute to the strengthening of the rule of law;

9.  Welcomes the landmark order issued by a US federal judge resulting in the suspension of military commission proceedings at Guantanamo Bay, and expresses its deepest concern at the report of the International Committee of the Red Cross which accuses the US military of using tactics 'tantamount' to torture on Guantanamo prisoners;

10.  Regrets the attempts of the US government, inter alia at the recent Tenth Conference of Parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, to obstruct the launching of international negotiations on future climate policy commitments beyond 2012; calls on the US government to reconsider its decision not to ratify the Kyoto Protocol and, as a first step, to respect its commitments under the UNFCCC to bring its emissions back to the level of 1990;

11.  Welcomes, in this regard, the many climate policy initiatives taken at state level in the US, such as the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative and the Californian laws to limit transport emissions;

12.  Urges the Council and the new US administration to make every joint effort to ensure the revival of negotiated arms control and disarmament at multilateral level within the UN system and at bilateral level, in order to prevent a new arms race and reduce the existing arms arsenals, and to support regional and global action to prevent the proliferation not only of weapons of mass destruction but also of small arms, light weapons and land mines, by providing adequate resources;

13.  Calls on the EU and the US to implement efficiently their respective codes of conduct on arms exports, to promote the elaboration of a UN arms trade treaty preventing the delivery of small arms and light weapons to regions of conflict, and to take an active role in the Nairobi Action Plan 2005-2009;

14.  Urges the US government to accede to the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty, and welcomes the decision of the US Congress to refuse financial allocations for so‑called mini‑nuclear weapons (bunker‑busters);

15.  Encourages the EU and the US to work actively so as to make a success of the Review Conference on the Non-Proliferation Treaty in May 2005 in New York;

16.  Regrets that while business representatives were invited to present their recommendations on the Transatlantic Economic Partnership directly to the Presidents of the US, the EU and the European Commission during the Dublin Summit in June 2004, consumers' groups were denied a similar meeting, violating governments' own written policies which call for equal access for the transatlantic business and consumer dialogues that feed recommendations into EU-US policy-making;

17.  Expresses its concern at the elimination of perceived barriers to transatlantic trade which will lead to a downward harmonisation in transatlantic regulatory cooperation that will further erode consumer confidence with regard to health and safety, and therefore urges that the Transatlantic Consumer Dialogue and the Transatlantic Environmental Dialogue be revitalised to develop 'best practices' that advance consumer health, safety and environmental protection, thus facilitating a more sustainable transatlantic marketplace; calls on the EU and the US to refrain from any new WTO complaint with regard to non-discriminatory consumer or environmental issues;

18.  Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council, the Commission, the Member States, and the President and Congress of the United States of America.

Aġġornata l-aħħar: 7 ta' Jannar 2005Avviż legali